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Archive for May, 2014

Scallops with Hazelnuts and Warm Sun Gold Tomatoes Recipe – Bon Appétit

scallops-with-hazelnuts-and-warm-sun-gold-tomatoes-940x600
INGREDIENTS

  • ¼ cup coarsely chopped skin-on hazelnuts
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil, divided
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
  •  pound large sea scallops, side muscle removed, patted dry
  • 1 pint Sun Gold or grape tomatoes
  • 1 small shallot, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon white wine vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons fresh tarragon leaves

NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION

Calories (kcal) 310 Fat (g) 16 Saturated Fat (g) 2 Cholesterol (mg) 55 Carbohydrates (g) 12 Dietary Fiber (g) 2 Total Sugars (g) 3 Protein (g) 31 Sodium (mg) 400

PREPARATION

  • Preheat oven to 350°. Toast hazelnuts on a rimmed baking sheet, tossing occasionally, until golden brown, 8–10 minutes. Toss with 1 Tbsp. oil; season with salt and pepper.
  • Meanwhile, heat remaining 2 Tbsp. oil in a large cast-iron or nonstick skillet over medium-high heat until almost smoking. Season scallops with salt and pepper; cook until golden brown and just cooked through, about 3 minutes per side. Transfer to a plate.
  • Pour off most liquid in skillet. Add tomatoes and shallot, season with salt and pepper, and cook, tossing, until some tomatoes have burst, about 4 minutes. Mix in vinegar and serve with scallops topped with tarragon and hazelnuts.

via Scallops with Hazelnuts and Warm Sun Gold Tomatoes Recipe – Bon Appétit.

Actionitem: Take meeting notes and have them sync to your calendar event | App Saga

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App Screenshots

via Actionitem: Take meeting notes and have them sync to your calendar event | App Saga.

Lancet study: Overweight total tops 2.1bn globally

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The number of people in the world who are obese or overweight has topped 2.1 billion, up from 875 million in 1980, according to figures published in the Lancet.

US, China and Russia had the highest rates and the UK was third in Western Europe, the 188-country study showed.

Alpa Patel reports.

via BBC News – Lancet study: Overweight total tops 2.1bn globally.

Prescription drugs to treat alcohol top £3m

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The numbers of men and women who drink frequently are decreasing

 

There were a million hospital admissions related to alcohol last year in England and £3.13m was spent on prescription drugs to treat alcohol dependency.

The Health and Social Care Information Centre’s latest report shows that 65% of adults admitted were men, but more under-16 girls than boys were admitted.

Frequent drinking among men and women continues to fall.

Deaths from alcohol in England also decreased by 4% to 6,490.

The HSCIC figures, contained in Statistics on Alcohol – England, 2014 uses a number of sources of information to calculate alcohol-related hospital admissions.

The centre also gauges drinking behaviour among adults and schoolchildren in England.

Its report shows that of the 1,008,850 hospital admissions in England related to alcohol last year, where a disease, injury or condition is the main or secondary reason for admission, the majority were male patients.

But among under-16s, females were in the majority, with 2,480 admitted in 2012-13, compared with 1,890 males.

The North East of England recorded the highest rate of alcohol-related admissions (2,500 per 100,000 population) and the South East recorded the lowest (1,500 per 100,000 population).

The cost of prescribing drugs to treat alcohol dependency rose by around £200,000 to £3.13m in 2012. This is the first time the tally has reached £3m.

More than 183,000 items were prescribed in 2013.

Drinking down

However, although this cost is increasing, the HSCIC Health Survey for England suggests that the percentage of people in Great Britain who drink regularly is decreasing.

Between 2005 and 2012 the percentage who drank alcohol in the week before being interviewed fell from 72% to 64% for men, and from 57% to 52% for women.

The survey also shows that the percentage of men who drank alcohol on at least five days in the week declined from 22% to 14%.

The percentage of women who drank frequently fell from 13% to 9%.

Kingsley Manning, chair of the HSCIC, said: “Today’s report highlights one of the areas of impact that alcohol dependence has on our NHS. The fact there has been a rise of nearly 70% in the prescribing of alcohol dependence drugs over the last decade is striking.

“These data provide an insight into the effect of alcohol on services, and will offer a better understanding to the public, health professionals and policymakers into this ongoing public health issue.”

via BBC News – Prescription drugs to treat alcohol top £3m.

New H10N8 bird flu not imminent global threat

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The latest type of bird flu detected in China, H10N8, does not pose an imminent global threat, say researchers.

 

There have been three reported cases and two deaths since December 2013.

UK Medical Research Council scientists analysed the molecular structure of the virus to show it did not share the characteristics of previous pandemics.

Instead they argued resources should be focused on other flu viruses that are emerging or are already present in South East Asia.

There are a number of bird flus that are making the jump from animals to humans.

The phenomenon is most notable in China, where there is a large population that culturally lives closely with birds, such as live poultry markets.

H7N9 emerged in March last year and there were more than a hundred cases in the first month. There is also the longstanding threat of H5N1 influenza, which kills nearly two in three people infected.

‘Need to be aware’

The study on the latest bird flu to emerge, published by the journal Nature, analysed how well the surface of the virus could bind to human tissue – a key measure of how likely it is to spread.

It showed the H10N8 virus still had a clear preference for infecting birds rather than humans, a trait that it is likely would need to be reversed before it became a serious threat.

Dr John McCauley, the director of the World Health Organization Influenza Centre at the Medical Research Council’s National Institute for Medical Research, told the BBC: “This has been a pretty rare event in one place in China. It highlights the need to be aware, but I don’t think there’s an imminent threat.

“There are higher priorities than H10N8. Other avian influenzas emerging in China or those around for the past 10 years pose a more significant threat than H10N8.”

via BBC News – New H10N8 bird flu not imminent global threat.

Study suggests link between cynicism and dementia

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Scientists looked at personality traits and rate of dementia in older people

People who have a cynical distrust of others, and think their motives are selfish, could have a higher risk of developing dementia, a study has said.

Researchers compared levels of cynical distrust in 622 people with the incidence of dementia.

They said people with high levels of distrust were twice as likely to develop dementia.

Experts said any findings that helped understand the disease were important, but called for larger studies.

Personality and disease

Dementia is a syndrome categorised by a decline in memory, thinking speed, mental agility, language, understanding and judgement.

One in three people aged over 65 in Britain will develop dementia, according to the Alzheimer’s Society in the UK.

In 1998, volunteers, with an average age of 71, were asked to rate their agreement with statements such as “I think people would lie to get ahead”, or “it is safer to trust nobody”, said the researchers.

Scientists at the University of Eastern Finland said 46 people had developed dementia in the following decade.

Fourteen of the 164 people who showed high levels of cynical distrust in 1998 had developed dementia in this time, compared with nine out of the 212 people with low levels.

Dr Anna-Maija Tolppanen at the University of Eastern Finland led the study.

She said: “These results add to the evidence that people’s view on life and personality may have an impact on their health.”

Explaining the results, Dr Tolppanen said: “People with different personality traits may be more or less likely to engage in activities that are beneficial for cognition, such as healthy diet, cognitive or social activities, or exercise.

“Or personality may act via morphological changes or structural differences in brains. Also, inflammation has been suggested as one link between cynicism and worse health outcomes.”

She said the study was controlled for socioeconomic factors, age, sex, health status, and lifestyle, such as smoking and alcohol use.

Role of depression

But Dr Tolppanen said she had not accounted for people becoming depressed after the first stage of the assessment, or that the volunteers’ depression might not have showed up adequately in questionnaires.

She added it was “really important” to replicate the findings on a much larger scale, to prove the link.

Dr Simon Ridley, head of research at Alzheimer’s Research UK, said: “With the rising numbers of people affected with dementia, any addition our understanding of what might affect disease development is important.”

He said that as only a small number of people in the study developed dementia, he would want to see a larger study conducted to be “more confident” in the proposed link.

Dr Ridley said the volunteers with a high level of cynical distrust could have been already beginning to develop dementia, and that depression, which may be both a risk factor and a symptom for dementia, could account for the cynicism.

“The biggest risk factor for dementia is age, by far,” he said.

via BBC News – Study suggests link between cynicism and dementia.

無力≠過勞!輕熟女防多發性硬化症

罕見疾病「多發性硬化症」好發於25至29歲輕熟女,患者常有肢體無力、痠麻、視力模糊的症狀。
罕見疾病「多發性硬化症」好發於25至29歲輕熟女,患者常有肢體無力、痠麻、視力模糊的症狀。(圖片提供/多發性硬化症協會)

 

老是莫名感覺四肢無力、視力模糊嗎?小心可能不是過度疲勞,而是罕見的「多發性硬化症」,嚴重時會導致肢體殘障和腦萎縮。醫師表示,國內近十年的多發性硬化症患者增加2.5倍,好發於25至29歲輕熟女,民眾若突然有無力、痠麻、視力模糊等症狀,且持續24小時,應儘早到神經內科門診檢查,並在確診後積極治療。

多發性硬化症主要症狀:肢體無力、痠麻、視力模糊

北投健康醫院院長、台北榮民總醫院兼任主任醫師蔡清標表示,多發性硬化症是一種與神經系統病變有關的自體免疫性疾病,具體來說,應該可稱為「多發性神經系統硬化症」。

患者會因大腦、脊髓和其他神經組織變異,分別出現視覺受損、語言和協調障礙、吞嚥困難、疲勞、認知功能受損、四肢無力、暈眩、震顫、肌肉僵硬、膀胱失調、性功能失調、類帕金森氏症等症狀,嚴重時會有腦萎縮和肢體殘障的後遺症。

多發性硬化症愛找輕熟女 國內10年激增2.5倍

多發性硬化症的好發年齡為20至40歲,其中以25至29歲女性居多,其罹患機率是男性的2倍,有研究認為這與女性性荷爾蒙對免疫系統的影響較大有關。此類似情況也發生於紅斑性狼瘡、風濕性關節炎等自體免疫性疾病,都是女性患者多於男性。

國內首部多發性硬化症衛教影片「針脫困境 服出希望」正式上線。圖片正中間為蔡清標醫師。(攝影/駱慧雯)

國內首部多發性硬化症衛教影片「針脫困境 服出希望」正式上線。圖片正中間為蔡清標醫師。(攝影/駱慧雯)

 

種族、遺傳和環境也是多發性硬化症的致病因子。蔡清標醫師表示,歐美地區和白人的盛行和發生率較高,甚至超過台灣盛行率的50倍。不過,隨著診斷技術的進步、飲食西化、缺乏日曬和維生素D等影響,近年來亞洲地區的罹患人數有逐年攀升的趨勢。根據衛生福利部重大傷病卡領卡人數的統計資料,國內罹患多發性硬化症的患者,從2004年的485人,十年內增加2.5倍,到今年為止已達1166人。

中斷治療!肢體殘障、腦萎縮找上身

國內一項患者調查顯示,逾4成患者發病後行動不便、動彈不得且需仰賴旁人照料,甚至有不少人伴隨憂鬱情緒的出現,但許多患者因畏懼藥物副作用,常在長期使用後中斷治療,導致疾病復發且惡化。

多發性硬化症尚無根治的治療方法,卻能透過積極治療緩解症狀,可望恢復一般人的生活,並延緩疾病惡化速度。蔡清標醫師表示,多發性硬化症發病後5年內未治療,恐需要柺杖輔助行動,若持續不治療,恐面臨終身殘疾,且可能出現腦萎縮如80歲老人的情況。

臨床對於多發性硬化症的治療,在急性發作期會大量使用類固醇緩解症狀,在慢性期給予第一線干擾素注射、第二線的口服藥物或靜脈注射治療,幫助緩解疾病復發,各有不同的副作用。但醫師呼籲,持續治療才能有效控制病狀不惡化,患者若遇到治療困境,建議主動和醫師討論是否換藥,切莫自行停藥而增加復發風險。除此之外,適度曬太陽、補充維生素D,也能減輕或預防疾病發作。

via 無力≠過勞!輕熟女防多發性硬化症 | 20140529 | 華人健康網.

老肥多濕痰!決明山楂茶消痰化積

「醫師,請問我平常吃得不多,為什麼卻一直變胖呢?」65歲的陳女士近幾年來因為體重增加而煩惱不已。中醫師強調,大約50%以上的銀髮族都有體重過重的困擾,其中有些人出現氣虛痰濕的症狀,使得吃進肚裡的食物無法順利消化而影響新陳代謝,建議可飲用具有平補特性的消脂茶,達到降血脂、消痰化積的作用。

童綜合醫院中醫部王崧醫師表示,中醫認為「肥人多濕痰」,想要減重就要先消除體內的痰濕,有些體重超標的老人家,白天待在家時動不動就愛打瞌睡,或稍微運動一下就容易又喘又累、四肢沉重,就可能是氣虛痰濕的體質,如果長期無法改善,就無法解決肥胖問題。

【銀髮消脂茶 平溫消痰濕】

王崧醫師指出,目前坊間市售針對成年人設計的中藥消脂茶,大多具有利水、幫助排便等藥材,一般人喝多了身體比較虛弱,並不適合生理機能較弱的老年人飲用,因此特地設計一道性味平溫、益肝腎、健脾胃的「決明山楂消脂茶」,在飯前飲用不但可以抑制食欲,也可以提高老人家的基礎代謝率,發揮消痰濕、化積食的效果。

消脂茶材料:炒決明2錢、何首烏2錢、山楂1錢、陳皮1錢、茯苓2錢、荷葉1錢、紅棗3錢、枸杞2錢。

有慢性病的老人家飲用消脂茶前最好請教專業中醫師,以免同時服用中、西藥發生交互作用。

有慢性病的老人家飲用消脂茶前最好請教專業中醫師,以免同時服用中、西藥發生交互作用。

 

作法:

  • 將以上中藥材洗乾淨後放入過濾包布包(一般中藥行或超市皆可買到),在鍋中加入2000的水以大火烹煮。
  • 大水煮至沸騰之後轉為小火,繼續煮5~8分鐘後關火,待溫涼後飲用。
  • 如果是用煮沸的熱水沖泡,建議悶15~20分鐘,讓中藥入味之後再飲用。

功效:使用炒過的決明子性味較為平溫,何首烏可補肝腎,茯苓有助於利水,紅棗和枸杞主要用來調味增加口感,陳皮可健脾胃、化痰濕,而山楂的口感偏酸,不但可以增加消脂茶的口感也可以化積食,與荷葉一起使用,可發揮消血脂的功效。

宜忌:這道平補的消脂茶適合一般老年人飲用,但對於具有高血壓、糖尿病,或正在服用抗凝血劑等老年慢性病患而言,在飲用消脂茶之前最好諮詢專業中醫師的意見,避免因西藥與中藥材可能發生的交互作用而影響健康。

via 老肥多濕痰!決明山楂茶消痰化積 | 20140529 | 華人健康網.

最惡毒的壞菌!壞菌多不「腸」命

俗語說:腸胃好、人不老,壞菌多易生病,不可輕忽。

俗語說:腸胃好、人不老,壞菌多易生病,不可輕忽。

 

腸胃好、人不老!台灣人腸胃「壞菌多」令人擔憂。專家表示,根據一項大型跨國研究發現,台灣民眾的腸胃菌中,指標性的壞菌竟高出日本人多達15到30倍,可能間接與直接引起腸胃發炎等問題;呼籲民眾,平日應多喝水、少吃紅肉,每日5份以上蔬果,以及多補充好菌,可保護腸胃健康,遠離腸癌病變發生風險。

台灣乳酸菌協會榮譽理事、陽明大學生化暨分子生物研究所教授蔡英傑表示,人體的腸道內存在著多達100多種細菌,共約有1兆億個,這些細菌中有好菌也有壞菌;當壞菌比例上升時,毒素物質會傷害神經及心血管系統,容易造成器官老化,所以要腸道健康,好菌的存在非常重要。

《好菌少易老化 壞菌多易生病》

這項5國10大城市跨國研究,共針對台灣、中國大陸、日本、印尼、泰國等5國家,在台北、台中、北京、蘭州、東京、福岡、峇里島、曼谷等10個城市,分別篩檢民眾糞便中的腸道菌DNA,在有效319個樣本空間中,結果發現台灣人好菌少、壞菌多。

值得注意的是,屬腸道壞菌之一的「腸桿菌」,竟為日本人的30倍,此外,最惡毒的壞菌「產氣莢膜梭狀芽孢桿菌」,也多達日人的15倍,而代表好菌的「雙歧桿菌」,卻僅有日人的1/3數量;初步研判,壞菌株中的「腸桿菌」與「產氣莢膜梭狀芽孢桿菌」,可能間接與直接引起腸胃發炎或其他問題,但與腸癌病變無直接關聯。

想要「腸」命百歲,簡單5招保護腸道健康。(圖片提供/台灣乳酸菌協會)

想要「腸」命百歲,簡單5招保護腸道健康。(圖片提供/台灣乳酸菌協會)

 

「腸」命百歲 簡單5招

1.健康飲食:多喝水,少紅肉,每日5份以上蔬果,多攝取全榖、根莖類等高纖食物,降低大腸癌發生機率,助好菌存體內。

2.補充好菌:多喝優酪乳,是補充好菌最便捷的方式,且建議飯後喝,養成天天喝的習慣,幫助腸健康,增加好菌增生。

3.健康運動:應依照運動333原則:每周3次、每次30分、心跳達130以上,不僅僅對腸道好,更對身體全面健康有幫助。

4.細嚼慢嚥:保持進食好心情,建議進食時保持放鬆和良好的心情,盡量別暴飲暴食,避免消化不適,造成腸道病變。

5.排便順暢:養成固定排便習慣,每日定時「蹲」一下廁所,讓腸胃養成固定排便習慣,讓毒素勿停留在腸道太久。

via 最惡毒的壞菌!壞菌多不「腸」命 | 20140529 | 華人健康網.

甩掉小肚腩!10大分解脂肪蔬果

蔬果中含有豐富的纖維素,且在腸道中停留時間短於其他食品,可干擾營養物質的過份吸收,減少脂肪堆集。

蔬果中含有豐富的纖維素,且在腸道中停留時間短於其他食品,可干擾營養物質的過份吸收,減少脂肪堆集。

 

近年,利用蔬果減重掀起風潮,有國外研究顯示,蔬果中的蛋白質與碳水化合物,不易轉化為脂肪。此外,蔬果中含有豐富的纖維素,且它們在腸道中停留的時間短於其他食品,可以干擾營養物質的過份吸收,減少脂肪堆集。

營養師陳彥甫表示,現代人工作忙碌,三餐多半以外食解決,對於蔬菜水果的攝取量很容易不足,生活中不良的飲食習慣,是脂肪形成與毒素累積的主因,多吃天然又健康的高纖蔬果,可幫助我們消除脂肪、平坦小腹,輕鬆打造易瘦體質。

日前中研院及台大醫院團隊的研究發現,肥胖跟抗氧化基因有關,當體內的抗氧化基因速度高時,會讓分解脂肪細胞變快而預防肥胖。只要從日常飲食中多攝取天然含有抗氧化的食物,例如蔬果都含有抗氧化劑,多多攝取,即有助於控制肥胖。

在陳彥甫新出版的《220道神奇對症蔬果汁》一書中,陳彥甫營養師特別介紹了10大分解脂肪的蔬果,有助於撫平小腹,讓大家輕鬆透過蔬果減脂,而且完全沒有負擔又健康。

檸檬能分解脂肪,清除體內廢物和毒素。(本站資料照片)

檸檬能分解脂肪,清除體內廢物和毒素。(本站資料照片)

 

10大分解脂肪蔬果

1 苦瓜(抑制脂肪吸收、排除毒素)

每100克的苦瓜熱量只有18大卡,卻能提供減肥者飽足感。根據實驗發現,苦瓜含有苦瓜素,能抑制脂肪吸收,具有減肥功效。苦瓜中的鉻離子更可降血糖,將過剩的糖分轉變成熱量,改善體內脂肪的平衡,很適合有減肥需求的人食用。

性寒味苦的苦瓜,還具有清熱、解毒、消暑的功效,可以治熱病,如中暑、膿瘡、眼睛發紅等;此外苦瓜的苦味,還可誘發免疫系統功能,增強免疫力。

2 檸檬(分解脂肪、清除毒素)

檸檬能分解脂肪,清除體內廢物和毒素;又具備淨化血液、促進代謝、增強消化能力、調整酸鹼平衡等多種功能,多吃檸檬可打造不易肥胖的體質。

檸檬可以幫助排毒減肥,因為檸檬中含有豐富的檸檬酸與檸檬油精,可增加肝臟的酵素含量,加速分解誘發癌症的化學物質,有助於清除累積在肝臟內的雜質及毒素。

而且檸檬酸還能幫助新陳代謝,並可促進腸胃蠕動,有利糞便排出,預防便祕。如果一餐中,吃太多油膩的食物,或吃太飽時,喝杯檸檬汁亦可解油膩、順胃氣。

3 木瓜(分解脂肪、促進代謝)

木瓜的口感香甜柔軟,熱量極低,又富含維生素A、B群、C,不但具有飽足感,而且營養也很豐富。飯後吃點木瓜,能促進脂肪分解,預防脂肪堆積造成肥胖。

木瓜中的蛋白質分解酵素,可分解蛋白質、促進人體新陳代謝,並把多餘的熱量排出體外。(本站資料照片)

木瓜中的蛋白質分解酵素,可分解蛋白質、促進人體新陳代謝,並把多餘的熱量排出體外。(本站資料照片)

 

木瓜中的蛋白質分解酵素,可分解蛋白質、促進人體新陳代謝,並把多餘的熱量排出體外,是重要的減肥食材。木瓜中豐富的膳食纖維,還能促進腸胃蠕動,減少毒素累積在腸胃中,可潤腸通便,預防便祕。

4 葡萄柚(促進腸道蠕動,潤腸通便)

葡萄柚滋味酸甜,營養豐富且熱量低,富含多種維生素與礦物質,有益於減重者食用;可避免因減重控制食物的攝取量,造成營養不均衡的狀況。

葡萄柚中的維生素C、柚皮素、檸檬苦素等成分,能減少膽固醇合成,降低膽固醇堆積在血管壁,有效預防心血管疾病。

葡萄柚也富含膳食纖維,可帶走腸道內所產生一些致癌物質的毒性,並能吸附殘渣廢物,促進腸道蠕動,潤腸通便,使毒素不易附著在腸道,降低便祕與罹患大腸癌的機率。

 

葡萄柚富含多種維生素與礦物質,有益於減重者食用。(本站資料照片)

葡萄柚富含多種維生素與礦物質,有益於減重者食用。(本站資料照片)

 

5 蘋果(減少脂肪吸收、促進代謝)

蘋果含有豐富的果膠,能減少脂肪的吸收與體內廢物的囤積,其優越的清腸作用,還能加速新陳代謝;蘋果含豐富礦物質與維生素,將其當作主餐前的飲食,就能擁有飽足感,進而抑制主餐攝取量,保持身材窈窕健康。

 

將蘋果打成蘋果汁,可消除腹部的游泳圈。不妨在蘋果汁中加入1小匙綠茶粉,攪拌均勻後再一起飲用;最佳飲用時間是用餐前15分鐘,不僅能幫助排毒,還能增進飽足感,擁有更好的瘦小腹效果。

在採用蔬果減肥時可根據個人的飲食愛好,選用適合的蔬菜與水果。每日補充足夠的蔬果不僅有助於體內排毒功能外,更有減重的效果,並且要維持正常生活習慣,以及保持足夠的運動,才能健康減重又不復胖。

via 甩掉小肚腩!10大分解脂肪蔬果 | 20140529 | 華人健康網.

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