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Archive for March, 2012

Chicken with Artichokes and Angel Hair


Pantry staples, chicken, and fast-cooking pasta add up to an impressive 25-minute meal.

  • Prep Time 25 minutes
  • Total Time 25 minutes
  • YieldServes 4


    • Coarse salt and ground pepper
    • 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
    • 8 thin chicken cutlets (about 1 1/2 pounds total)
    • 2 tablespoons olive oil
    • 1 cup reduced-sodium chicken broth
    • 1 can (14 ounces) artichoke hearts packed in water, rinsed, drained, and quartered
    • 2 tablespoons rinsed and drained capers
    • 2 tablespoons butter
    • 8 ounces angel-hair pasta
    • 1/2 cup parsley leaves


    1. Set a large pot of salted water to boil. Place flour in a shallow dish, and season with salt and pepper. Dredge cutlets, shaking off excess. In a large skillet, heat 1 tablespoon oil over medium-high. Cook chicken in batches, adding remaining oil as needed, until light golden, 1 to 3 minutes per side; transfer to a dish.
    2. Add broth to skillet, and bring to a boil; cook until reduced by half. Add artichokes, capers, and the chicken with any juices. Gently swirl to combine, and bring just to a boil. Remove skillet from heat. Swirl in butter, and cover to keep warm.
    3. Add pasta to boiling water. Cook until al dente; drain. Serve chicken and sauce over pasta, topped with parsley.

Read More: MarthaStewart

Curried Lentil, Rice and Carrot Burgers

I love the Indian spices in these burgers. The turmeric offers bonus antioxidant health benefits, but even without it, they’re in abundance in this recipe, with all the carrots and ginger.

2 tablespoons peanut or canola oil

1/3 cup finely diced onion

1 cup finely diced carrots

6 ounces mushrooms, sliced or finely chopped

1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger

1/2 teaspoon turmeric

2 teaspoons cumin seeds, lightly toasted and ground

1 teaspoon curry powder

1/2 teaspoon yellow mustard seeds

Pinch of cayenne (or to taste)

Salt and freshly ground pepper to taste

1 cup cooked brown rice

2 1/2 cups cooked brown lentils, drained

1 egg


1. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees. Heat 1 tablespoon of the oil over medium heat in a heavy ovenproof skillet and add the onion and carrot. Cook, stirring often, until just about tender, about 3 minutes, and add the mushrooms, ginger, turmeric, cumin, curry powder, mustard seeds and cayenne and a pinch of salt. Cook for another 3 minutes or so, until the vegetables are tender and fragrant and the spices aromatic. Remove from the heat and transfer to a large bowl. Add the rice.

2. Purée the lentils with the egg and add to the vegetable and rice mixture. Stir together, season with salt and pepper, and shape into 6 patties.

3. Heat the ovenproof skillet over medium-high heat. Add the remaining tablespoon of oil to the pan and, working in batches if necessary, cook the patties for 2 minutes on one side, or until nicely browned. Carefully turn the patties over and place in the oven. Bake 10 to 12 minutes, until the patties are lightly browned and don’t fall apart. Remove from the heat and serve, with or without buns, chutney or ketchup and the works.

Yield: 6 burgers.

Advance preparation: These can be put together and shaped up to 3 days before browning. They can also be cooked ahead and reheated in a low oven or in a pan on top of the stove. Keep them well wrapped in the refrigerator.

Nutritional information per serving (6 servings): 208 calories; 6 grams fat; 1 gram saturated fat; 2 grams polyunsaturated fat; 3 grams monounsaturated fat; 31 milligrams cholesterol; 29 grams carbohydrates; 8 grams dietary fiber; 33 milligrams sodium (does not include salt to taste); 11 grams protein

Read More: NYT

Study: 911 Dispatchers Experience PTSD Symptoms Too

It’s not just those on the front lines of disaster or war who are at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new study finds. Emergency dispatchers who respond to 911 calls also suffer a mental toll, especially when taking distressing calls involving accidental death and suicide. The new study shows that 911 dispatchers’ indirect exposure to traumatic events can result in symptoms of PTSD.

“Usually research considers links between disorders and how much emotional distress is experienced on the scene of a traumatic event,” said study author Dr. Michelle Lilly of Northern Illinois University in a statement. “However, this is the first study on emergency dispatchers, who experience the trauma indirectly.”

For the study, published in the  Journal of Traumatic Stress, researchers questioned 171 emergency dispatchers currently working in 24 U.S. states. The dispatchers — predominately white women around age 38 with more than 11 years of dispatching experience — were asked about the types of calls they answer and their corresponding emotional distress. They participants then rated the types of calls that caused great distress and were asked to recall the worst call they ever received.

About 16% of the calls dispatchers identified as their worst involved the unexpected injury or death of a child. About 13% were suicidal callers, 10% were police-officer shootings and another 10% involved the unexpected death of an adult.

The researchers report that the dispatchers experienced a high level of distress following 32% of potentially traumatic calls and that 3.5% of the dispatchers reported symptoms severe enough to be classified as PTSD.

Not knowing what happens after calls are dispatched is a significant stressor for dispatchers, ABC News reports. “We don’t know the end result. We don’t know if they made it. There is no formal communication back to us,” Monica Gavio, a coordinator for the Burlington County, New Jersey, 911 communications center, told ABC News.

“The results show the need to provide these workers with prevention and intervention support as is currently provided for their front-line colleagues. This includes briefings and training in ways to handle emotional distress,” study researcher and former 911 dispatcher Heather Pierce said in the statement.

In the study, researchers note the potential public safety concerns their findings bring to light:

Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms that may be present in telecommunicators can impair decision-making abilities and functioning, which could pose significant risk to the general population that relies on them to quickly and effectively coordinate an emergency response.

The researchers also suggest that their findings could contribute to the debate over the definition of a “traumatic event,” as official guidelines are set to be published next year.

Read More: Time

Breast Cancer Risk May Be Higher With Just One Drink a Day


Consuming as little as one drink a day or less may raise a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer, according to a new study published this week.

European researchers analyzed data from more than 100 studies that looked at the relationship between alcohol consumption and breast cancer and found that having up to one drink per day raised women’s risk for the disease by 4 percent. Three or more drinks per day increased risk by 40 to 50 percent.

“Women should not exceed one drink [per] day, and women at elevated risk for breast cancer should avoid alcohol or consume alcohol occasionally only,” concluded the authors, led by Helmut K. Seitz of the University of Heidelberg in Heidelberg, Germany.

Previous research has also found a link between light alcohol consumption and elevated breast cancer risk. A study published in November found that as few as three to six drinks per week raised risk by 15 percent.

Some experts said the findings support current recommendations for women to drink in moderation in order to minimize their risk of breast cancer as well as other health conditions. They added that while it’s important to avoid excessive drinking, women should also consider alcohol as one of numerous factors that can play a role in the development of cancer and other illnesses.

“The American Cancer Society guidelines say that for women who don’t drink, there is no reason to start drinking, and not just to prevent breast cancer. It can even prevent heart disease,” said Susan Gapstur, vice president of epidemiology research at the American Cancer Society. “For women who do drink, they should limit their consumption to no more than one drink per day. This study underscores that these guidelines are reasonable.”

Dr. Stefan Gluck, a professor at the University of Miami Sylvester Cancer Center, argued that although excessive drinking should absolutely be avoided, there is nothing wrong with having one drink a day. The 4 percent increased risk among women who had one drink a day is a very small increase, he said, and other factors play a bigger role.

“There are many other things that are more important,” he said. “If you look at the American Association for Cancer Research report from last year, 30 percent of all cancer deaths were attributable to smoking and another 30 percent were attributable to obesity.”

That same report found alcohol played a role in about 3 percent of cancer deaths.

Gapstur added that even though the study found light drinking elevated risk only moderately, breast cancer is a very common cancer, meaning 4 percent can add up to a lot of women.


Past Studies Contradictory?

Other studies have found that moderate alcohol intake can protect against heart disease.

“A large number of observational studies have consistently demonstrated a reduction in coronary heart disease with moderate alcohol consumption. Prohibiting alcohol consumption would deny a potentially sizable health benefit to people who would otherwise choose to drink,” the American Heart Association says on its website.

The American Heart Association recommends that women have no more than one drink per day.

While she stressed that a drink a day should be the maximum, Gapstur added that women should get an overall picture of their individual risk for different illnesses to get a better sense of what lifestyle changes to make to improve overall health.

“The message continues to be know your health, maintain your health, see your doctor regularly and understand your risk for cancer and heart disease,” she said.

Read More: ABC

Cancer: ‘Book of knowledge’ published

Cells from a cancer line known as HeLa

The first volume of a “book of cancer knowledge” has been published, which scientists say will speed up the search for new cancer drugs.

The “encyclopaedia” details how hundreds of different cancer cells respond to anti-cancer agents.

UK, US and European researchers say the data, published in Nature, is a step towards tailoring cancer medicine to a patient’s genetic profile.

A cancer charity said the work would help in testing new cancer drugs.

Cancer cells grown in the laboratory are an essential tool in cancer research.

Hundreds of different cell lines exist, allowing scientists to study the effect of new cancer drugs on the human body.

Cancer medicines linked to genetic profiles

  • A new drug called vemurafenib offers hope to malignant melanoma patients with certain genetic markers
  • Erlotinib helps some lung cancer patients by targeting a receptor found in some tumours. Another new drug, crizotinib, tackles lung cancer expressing the ALK gene
  • The breast cancer drug Herceptin is given to patients with an overactive HER2 gene
  • The cancer drug imatinib blocks cancer growth in white blood cells of patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia carrying a certain gene mutation

Now, a team at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute near Cambridge and various cancer institutes around the world have released two papers cataloguing data on hundreds of cancer cell lines.

The UK team, working with colleagues in the US, Paris and Switzerland, screened more than 600 cancer cell lines with 130 drugs, identifying genetic signatures linked with drug sensitivity.

Already clues are emerging that could be of benefit to patients, including the discovery that a rare bone cancer in children (Ewing’s sarcoma) appears to be vulnerable to certain drugs.

Personalised medicine

Dr Mathew Garnett of the Sanger Institute is lead researcher on one of the two papers published in the journal Nature.

We’re trying to get smarter about understanding what the right drug is using the genetic profile in each tumour”

Dr Levi Garraway Oncologist

He told the BBC: “It’s bringing together two very large and very powerful data sets and asking which cell line is the most sensitive and what is behind that sensitivity.

“This is the largest study of its kind linking drug response with genetic markers. You need these very large studies to identify small subsets of cells that are sensitive to drugs.”

Dr Levi Garraway of The Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, US, is a senior member of the research team behind the second paper, which profiled 24 drugs across nearly 500 cell lines.

He told the BBC: “Developing this large cell-line resource with all the associated genetic details is another piece in the pie to get us to our goal of personalised cancer medicine.

“We’re trying to get smarter about understanding what the right drug is using the genetic information in each tumour. This is a stepping stone along the way.”

The next step is use the information to help decide on tailored treatments for cancer patients.

This would involve getting a genetic “fingerprint” of their tumour, which could be matched to information in the database.

Some cancer drugs are already available for individuals with a certain genetic makeup.

The best known is Herceptin, a breast cancer drug that works in patients with an overactive HER2 gene.

Professor Charles Swanton, based at Cancer Research UK’s London Research Institute, said the papers were “an invaluable resource” that provided “extremely useful intelligence” for cancer researchers.

He added: “This new resource will help speed up cancer research and may well begin to guide further developments in personalised cancer medicine.”

Read More: BBC

New MRSA bacteria test developed by Edinburgh University scientists

Current techniques for detecting MRSA can take a full day


New MRSA bacteria test developed by Edinburgh University scientists

It works by taking swabs from a wound or sores, which are then analysed using a strip with electrical sensors that can detect MRSA.

It is hoped the tests will allow almost immediate detection of the bacteria.

This would allow patients to be given more effective drugs straight away.

The swab samples are currently processed in the laboratory to increase the amount of bacteria present before they are tested with the strips.

But the researchers hope to avoid the need for this in the future by improving the strip’s sensitivity in order to allow the tests to be used in GP practices and people’s homes.

Laboratory tests to confirm whether MRSA is present in a wound can take a full day using conventional techniques.

The new test was developed using swabs from diabetic foot ulcers taken from patients attending NHS Lothian’s Diabetic Foot Clinic at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh.

Detection of MRSA in these patients is important to prevent the spread of infection, which can lead to the amputation of limbs and increase the risk of mortality.

Dr Till Bachman, from the University of Edinburgh’s Division of Pathway Medicine, will present the research behind the test at the Advances in Biodetection and Biosensors conference in the city on Thursday.

He said: “Current tests for MRSA tend to be expensive and not very fast. By developing a rapid and cost-effective test, we would know what kind of infection is present straight away, which will improve the chance of success in treating it.”

Edinburgh scientists are using similar technology to monitor signals that bacteria send to each other to spread infections, and chemicals that patients produce that indicate the wound’s response to the infecting bacteria.

Understanding why bacteria release certain molecules as part of this process will help scientists identify the start of an infection and so treat it promptly.

Read More : BBC

手術加復健 掌握黃金治療期 全身癱瘓進步神速 可寫字、走路






陳 子勇建議急診先注射高單位類固醇,降低發炎反應對神經造成的傷害,當晚轉診至慈濟醫院台中分院,照頸椎核磁共振掃描證實為「外傷性頸椎椎間盤突出合併完全 性脊髓損傷」,手腳不能動、肛門周圍也無知覺,依美國脊髓損傷協會「脊髓損傷嚴重度分級」,傷勢屬於最嚴重的完全損傷。



陳 子勇指出,全身癱瘓要恢復行走功能極不容易。根據文獻報告,脊髓完全損傷的人要恢復到扶助行器走路,機率僅10%,重點在掌握治療黃金期,一受傷應先固定 好頸椎,再搬運送醫,受傷初期注射類固醇,避免神經發炎,並在48小時內進行減壓、固定手術,接下來就要靠家人陪伴,鼓勵他努力不中斷復健。











迅速抗敏止癢,皮膚科醫師首選類固醇幫助解決肌膚不適,但醫師也表示,類固醇雖具有立即消炎、抗敏的作用,無法當作日常抗敏保養。長期使用,類固醇 累積不易排出,還可能會引發皮膚的萎縮、紫斑和擴張紋,對肌膚或是人體都是一大傷害。網路上近來也出現了除了藥物之外,如何有效迅速對抗過敏的討論風潮。 多數敏感肌網友表示,最討厭一換季過敏就來報到,好想擺脫一直擦藥的宿命!最怕藥物擦多了變成月亮臉!也有網友感慨,為了遮蓋敏感泛紅,還是用了遮瑕膏, 或是工作必須需要化妝,但醫生囑咐過敏不能化妝,好兩難!


市面上少有即時修護敏感肌膚的抗敏產品。日前業者推出使用高效天然成分能迅速阻斷肌膚過敏訊號的修護產品,針對肌膚搔癢泛紅可即刻處理,讓消費者擺 脫過敏泛紅無法上妝的窘境。此產品自推出起便引起網友與部落客的熱烈討論。網友天天說:真的很怕類固醇用多反而更糟,抱著試試看的心情試用了瞬間無敏修護 水凝霜,真的很快就不癢,頑固的換季過敏短短三天就馬上縮小泛紅範圍!




業者說,此水凝霜具迅速舒緩的功效,去年在香港上市即造成熱賣缺貨,導致台灣未能同步販售。香港熱賣期間旋即有消費者替產品取了暱稱 ─「零敏感」。因內含豐富的燕麥仁油萃取的氨基酸,可迅速提高肌膚保水度,立即舒緩皮膚因過敏所引起之泛紅刺痛等現象。業者表示,不少消費者的心聲是除了 能迅速舒緩搔癢紅腫之外,更希望能恢復肌膚自主的抗敏功能,擺脫過敏反覆發作的循環。因此在研發時加入天然草本萃取的循環調理複方,提升皮膚對環境傷害的 保護力,長期使用下來能增強肌膚自主的抗敏功能。


網友ling說,雷射後最怕用到非低敏性產品,也怕化妝之後突然冒出的紅腫。因此隨身攜帶零敏感,有點癢就擦一下,可以讓膚況維持良好狀態。業者得 知網友們充滿創意的使用方式,表示:還是會建議敏感的狀態下,避免化妝刺激皮膚,但看見大家使用過後膚質都轉為穩定,十分開心。業者認為,肌膚在健康狀態 下就像晶玉瓷般,是強壯又美麗的。零敏感也可用在身體過敏部位,但常接到消費者反應捨不得用在身體,特地推出換季抗敏優惠,讓更多深受過敏困擾的消費者都 能擁有「晶瓷肌」。

原文出处: 中國時報

吃够维生素 让衰老有多远走多远




衰老的过程其实就是一系列的氧化反应。人的生存离不开氧气,但是在身体耗氧的过程中,大量自由基被释放。细胞膜受到自由基氧化反应的攻击,就会 失去弹性并使得细胞丧失功能,更可怕的是,因此导致基因突变从而引起机体系统性的混乱。大量资料已经证明,炎症、肿瘤、衰老、血液病以及心、肝、肺、皮肤 等各方面疾病的发生与体内自由基产生过多,人体清除自由基能力下降有着密切的关系。


维生素是人体生长和代谢所必需的微量有机物,在维持人体的生理功能方面有重要作用,同时帮助身体形成有效的抗氧化机制,不但可以直接消灭自由 基,而且还可以通过参与形成消灭自由基的抗氧化酶,间接保护细胞。已发现的维生素有20多种,分为水溶性维生素和脂溶性维生素两大类。前者包括B族维生素 和维生素C。后者包括维生素A、维生素D、维生素E、维生素K等。

维生素A  最“视觉系”维生素

维生素A又名视黄醇,从名字上能知道和视觉系统有直接的关联。其实早在唐朝,名医孙思邈在《千金要方》中已经明确记载动物肝脏可治疗夜盲症。而 维生素A确实大量存在于动物肝脏中。是一类在结构上与胡萝卜素相关的脂溶性维生素。不但帮助人体维持正常视觉功能,还能维持骨骼正常生长发育,同时对于上 皮的正常形成、发育与维持十分重要。


B 族维生素 最“多样”维生素

已知B族维生素有12种:维生素B1、维生素B2、维生素B6、维生素B12、烟酸、泛酸、叶酸等。在维持人体运转中发挥着各自不同的生理功 能,如维生素B1和B2能降低人体罹患肠道癌和卵巢癌风险;叶酸对于胎儿脑部发育有着重要作用;缺乏维生素B1容易引起脚气病及肠胃功能紊乱;缺乏维生素 B6容易引起贫血和溢脂性皮炎;B族维生素之间有协同作用,一次摄取大部分或者全部要比分别摄取效果更好。


维生素C 最“解毒”维生素

维生素C是一种水溶性维生素,有着广泛的解毒作用,能在很大程度上缓解铅、汞、镉、砷等重金属对机体的毒害。据调查,在污染环境工作的人保持体 内高水平维生素C以后,对有害元素的吸收则大幅度降低。维生素C可清除体内由抽烟引起的尼古丁,更重要的是,维生素C可以阻断强致癌物亚硝胺的合成。每天 吃富含维生素C的新鲜水果,会大大降低各类癌症的发病率。

维生素C是重要的抗氧化剂,不但自身可以清除自由基,还能和维生素E在体内协同作用,使得清除自由基的功效加倍。同时可以保护如维生素A、维生素E、不饱和 脂肪酸等其他抗氧化物。维生素C能够治疗坏血病并具有酸性,所以又称作抗坏血酸。

维生素D 最“强壮”维生素

维生素D是一种脂溶性维生素,民间一直流传“多晒太阳可补钙”的说法,事实上,受阳光中紫外线的照射后,人体内的 胆固醇能转化为维生素D。而维生素D的生理功能是帮助人体吸收磷和钙,是骨骼生长的必需原料。


维生素E  最“性感”维生素

维生素E又名生育酚,对人体生长发育有重要作用,能促进人体性激素分泌,使女性 雌性激素浓度增高,提高生育能力,同时还能改善月经不调及性冷淡;可使男子 精子活力和数量增加,防治男性不育症。另外,维生素E在美容方面有着特别的功效:能保护皮肤免受紫外线和污染的伤害,减少疤痕与色素的沉积,同时还能加速 伤口的愈合。

维生素E是一类非常重要的强抗氧化剂,不但自身可清除自由基,还可保护 不饱和脂肪酸,维生素A和ATP等其他抗氧化物;保护机体细胞免受自由基的毒害。维生素E还有改善脂肪代谢和血液循环,降低胆固醇及甘油三脂,预防高血压 的作用。另外,还能降低细胞的需氧量,从客观上减少了氧化反应的发生。

维生素K  最“不缺”维生素

维生素K属脂溶性维生素。具有促进凝血的功能,故又称凝血维生素。1929年丹麦化学家达姆从动物肝脏和麻子油中发现,具有防止新生婴儿出血疾 病、预防内出血及痔疮、减少生理期大量出血、促进血液正常凝固的作用。缺少它凝血时间会延长,严重的话会流血不止,甚至死亡。有意思的是人的肠道中有一种 细菌会源源不断地制造维生素K,因此通常人体不会缺乏。



运动时会发生比平常多的自由基, 一旦运动过量,体内自由基中和系统来不及修补,就会在体内积累对身体造成损伤,因此运动要适量。运动过后可以食用富含维生素C、E、β-胡萝卜素的各种青菜水果,来中和体内的自由基。










食品加工过程中不可避免地会使用色素、防腐剂及香料,过量食用身体会产生大量自由基。例如腌制食品含有 硝酸盐,会在胃里和蛋白质合成强致癌物硝酸胺。而维生素C可以有效阻断硝酸胺的形成。








B族维生素 :谷物、果蔬、牛乳、蛋黄、鱼类、禽类、瘦肉、动物肝脏、酵母、坚果、糠麸、大豆等。





维生素K :绿叶蔬菜、猪肝、鸡蛋。

原文出处: 新浪网


2010年8月30日,丹佛玫瑰醫學中心,減重外科醫生邁克·斯奈德(右)對卡羅琳·道森執行腹腔鏡胃繞道手術,左邊為外科助理Anthony Cavello 。斯奈德在過去一年已完成約451減肥手術。(裏克·威爾金/路透 )
2010年8月30日,丹佛玫瑰醫學中心,減重外科醫生邁克·斯奈德(右)對卡羅琳·道森執行腹腔鏡胃繞道手術,左邊為外科助理Anthony Cavello 。斯奈德在過去一年已完成約451減肥手術。(裏克·威爾金/路透 )



傳統上醫生們用藥物和胰島素治療糖尿病,雖然也鼓勵減肥和鍛煉,但收效甚微。 而且用於治療糖尿病的藥物許多可能會導致體重增加,雖然通過手術也很少有肥胖患者能減掉足夠的體重。




其中一項研究論文是本周一(3月26日)克利夫蘭診所呈遞美國芝加哥大學心髒病學會議的。他們研究了150名II型糖尿病不受控制的肥胖患者,結果 發現一年後42%的胃轉流手術患者,和37%胃切除手術患者血糖水平恢複正常,而只有12%的藥物治療患者血糖恢複正常。盡管三組的血糖都得到了控制,但 是手術的改善更為明顯,包括體重下降和抗胰島素分泌。 克利夫蘭診所研究人員還指出雖然有4名患者要求重新手術,但也沒有出現危及生命的並發癥或死亡。

第二項研究是由羅馬Cattolica del Sacro Cuore大學和曼哈頓的紐約長老教醫院的研究人員進行的,他們發現的結果更佳,60名晚期糖尿病肥胖患者經過胃轉流手術和膽胰分流術兩年後,分別約有75%和95%病情得以緩和。





意大利羅馬天主教大學肥胖和代謝性疾病部門主任暨醫學教授Geltrude Mingrone博士說,“這些研究結果證實,減肥手術對可能更有利於對 II型糖尿病的影響,而不是減肥。通過手術改善糖尿病病情的研究將有助於更好地了解這種疾病。”

有的專家更樂觀,認為這一發現可能徹底改變未來的糖尿病治療方法。 他們認為該研究“很可能對未來治療糖尿病產生重大影響”。兩位來自澳大利亞的專家Paul Zimmet和喬治·阿爾貝蒂,在醫學雜誌的一篇社論中寫道,手術“不應被視為作為最後的手段”,應向早期治療肥胖與糖尿病患者提供。”






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