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Archive for April, 2014

Vert 2: Beautiful Unit Conversion app with Built-in Calculator for your iPhone and iPad | App Saga

vert2

Vert 2 – Unit and Currency Converter (4.5 stars with 232 Ratings)

Universal App

 

$0.99

 

Free Offer Ended. This app was free on April 22, 2014, but the offer has expired. Follow us on Twitter or Subscribe by email orRSS feed to get daily App Gone Free notifications so you won’t miss it next time. The following impression was made during the promotional period.

 

 

 

If you’re someone who travels a lot, whether for business or pleasure, chances are you’ve run into the frustrating nature of unit or currency conversion. It’s difficult to know just how much something is worth on a monetary value, how fast you are driving in miles per hour or kilometers per hour, and now you can take Vert 2 to help you with that.

 

Vert 2 is a unit and currency converter that boasts a bevy of conversion rates to be used wherever you might be. Not only will yo be able to convert your currency when you’re traveling abroad, but you’ll also be able to convert units of measurement there, too. The app has over 900 units in 34 categories for conversion, along with 164 currencies to convert if need be. It’s great for math, physics, and chemistry students who often need to convert one unit to another. It features a built-in calculator so you can complete your calculations and convert them at the same time within the app. It even has a clothing, hat, and shoe size converter should you need to get new clothes. The interface is gorgeous and minimal, and simple to use. If you’re traveling at all soon, take Vert 2 with you.

 

App Screenshots

via Vert 2: Beautiful Unit Conversion app with Built-in Calculator for your iPhone and iPad | App Saga.

Radicchio, Fennel, and Olive Panzanella – Bon Appétit

radicchio-fennel-and-olive-panzanella-940x600

INGREDIENTS

6 oz. country-style bread, torn into bite-size pieces (about 4 cups)

1 tablespoon finely grated lemon zest

½ cup olive oil, divided

Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper

1 small shallot, finely chopped

2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice

2 tablespoons red wine vinegar

1 tablespoon chopped fresh oregano

1 small head radicchio, torn into bite-size pieces

1 small fennel bulb, thinly sliced

1 cup fresh flat-leaf parsley leaves with tender stems

½ cup green olives, pitted, halved

3 oz. aged sheep’s-milk cheese (such as Manchego), shaved

3 oz. hard salami, thinly sliced

NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION

Calories (kcal) 290 Fat (g) 21 Saturated Fat (g) 5 Cholesterol (mg) 15 Carbohydrates (g) 17 Dietary Fiber (g) 2 Total Sugars (g) 1 Protein (g) 9 Sodium (mg) 520

PREPARATION

View Step-by-Step Directions

Preheat oven to 400°. Toss bread with lemon zest and ¼ cup oil on a rimmed baking sheet; season with salt and pepper. Bake, tossing occasionally, until crisp on the outside but still chewy in the center, 8–10 minutes. Let cool.

Whisk shallot, lemon juice, vinegar, and oregano in a large bowl; season with salt and pepper. Whisk in remaining ¼ cup oil.

Add radicchio, fennel, parsley, olives, cheese, salami, and bread to dressing; toss to combine.

DO AHEAD: Salad can be dressed the night before. Cover and chill.

via Radicchio, Fennel, and Olive Panzanella – Bon Appétit.

Surgery ‘won’t cure confidence issues’

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Cosmetic surgery will not cure all issues related to image confidence, psychologist Emma Kenny has said.

The psychologist has treated people considering cosmetic procedures, and those who have had surgery, and told BBC News that patients conditions continued after the procedure.

The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons has said that it is worried about the number of young people who want cosmetic surgery.

via BBC News – Surgery ‘won’t cure confidence issues’.

The life-threatening effects of Spinal Muscular Atrophy

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A woman believed to be the mother of three children found dead at a south-west London home has been arrested on suspicion of murder.

The children are believed to have had a serious genetic condition, thought to be Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). The circumstances of the deaths are unknown, but police have focused attention on this little known disease.

Kelly Fletcher, whose daughter Lily Mae was diagnosed with SMA, and died shortly before her second birthday, explains the condition to the Today programme’s Mishal Husain.

First broadcast on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme on Thursday 24 April.

via BBC News – The life-threatening effects of Spinal Muscular Atrophy.

Violent crime in England and Wales falls again, A&E data shows

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Report author Prof Jonathan Shepherd said the drop was connected to changing alcohol habits

Violent crime is continuing a long-term fall in England and Wales, according to annual figures from NHS hospitals.

There was a 12% fall in injuries from violent incidents in 2013, according to data from almost a third of emergency departments examined by Cardiff University.

It found 235,000 people were treated following a violent attack in 2013 – 32,800 fewer than in the previous year.

The authors said the rising cost of alcohol might have played a role.

They also said the figures mirrored other research, adding to evidence that the long-term trend in violent crime was down.

The 12% fall means it is the fifth consecutive year that NHS units have recorded a decrease in violent injuries.

Data from the Cardiff University study on violent crime, showing a drop in hospital visits

‘Welcome’ fall

Professor Jonathan Shepherd, the report’s lead author, said: “The data shows another significant year-on-year fall. Apart from a 7% increase in 2008, levels of serious violence have fallen every year since 2001.

“Continuing, substantial decreases in serious violence are welcome for citizens, communities and in combating the fear of crime.

Man drinking beer
Some campaigners have called for an increase in the price of alcohol

“They also decrease the costs of violence to health services and the criminal justice system and reduce pressures on hard-pressed Accident and Emergencies late at night at the weekend.”

Men between 18 and 30 years old remained the most at risk of being a victim – but the report also found that the greatest annual decreases occurred among youth and young adult victims.

Find out more

Why has crime been falling for 20 years across the developed world? Dominic Casciani examines the theories in The Crime Conundrum, BBC Radio 4.

Listen again via iPlayer

Prof Shepherd said: “Violence is falling in many Western countries and we don’t know all the reasons why.

“Binge drinking has become less frequent, and the proportion of youth who don’t drink alcohol at all has risen sharply.

“Also, after decades in which alcohol has become more affordable, since 2008 it has become less affordable.

“For people most prone to involvement in violence, those aged 18-30, falls in disposable income are probably an important factor.”

‘Crazy periods’

I think raising the price of alcohol would be giving a push to bring down the consumption levels further”

Prof John AshtonUK Faculty of Public Health

The authors said that anti-violence strategies involving local public agencies working closely together could also be yielding results.

The Cardiff University study looked at treatment given to victims at 117 emergency departments, minor injury units and NHS walk-in centres.

Responding to the report, UK Faculty of Public Health president Prof John Ashton called for an increase in the price of alcohol.

“We do periodically have these crazy periods where there’s a lot of drinking – like Hogarth’s Gin Lane 200 years ago – and society eventually responds and drinks less,” he told BBC Radio 5 live.

“And what’s important is to get behind the history curves that are happening and give them a push in the right direction.

“I think raising the price of alcohol would be giving a push to bring down the consumption levels further.”

‘Let down’

The trend mirrors the findings published in the Crime Survey of England and Wales, a massive rolling project that interviews people about their experiences of crime, whether or not they have gone to the police.

Crimes recorded by the police also show long-term falls in violence, but the Office for National Statistics recently said that data from forces could not be considered reliable.

There is no comparable data for injuries from violent incidents in Northern Ireland or Scotland.

However, a Police Service of Northern Ireland report on recorded crime trends, published last July, found that violent crime figures had remained “fairly constant” since 2007/2008.

There had been a “small decrease”, from 30,445 incidents in 2011/2012 to 30,305 in 2012/2013, the report added.

The Scottish Crime and Justice Survey, published last month, showed there had been a 22% drop in recorded incidents of violent crime since 2008-2009.

In a separate report published on Wednesday, a watchdog urged probation services to do more to tackle alcohol misuse by offenders.

Paul McDowell, Chief Inspector of Probation, said that good work in rehabilitating offenders in the UK was being “let down” by a lack of attention to alcohol, despite its known link to violence.

via BBC News – Violent crime in England and Wales falls again, A&E data shows.

Secret to happy kids – a bit of TV and the odd takeaway

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Does healthy eating make children happy?

Seven-year-olds are happier when they are allowed some sweets, snacks and television time, rather than none at all, suggests a study of children’s well-being.

Children who enjoyed school PE “a lot” were more likely to feel positive than those who didn’t like it.

Nearly 13,000 children were surveyed as part of a study by NatCen Social Research.

Researchers said a healthy lifestyle had a longer-term effect on well-being.

The study, funded by the Department of Health, looked at many different factors which have an impact on children’s happiness or how much they worry.

It found that seven-year-old children were happiest when they got on well with siblings, had fun with family members at weekends and had parents who did not shout or smack them.

Behaviours learnt early in life may continue into adulthood and, unlike among children, adults who eat more fruit and vegetables do have higher levels of well-being”

Jenny ChanfreauNatSoc Social Research

Children were more likely to feel unhappy and worried if they lived in a deprived area. There was no difference in how worried or happy they felt whether they had one parent or two.

Never say never

However, when researchers looked at how healthy eating and healthy behaviour affected happiness in children, they found an inconsistent picture.

On the one hand, enjoyment of PE lessons was positively associated with child well-being, but a healthy diet was not.

For example, children who regularly ate snacks such as biscuits and cakes were just as likely to report being happy as children who did not report eating such snacks.

Well-being was lower among children who never watched television and among those who watched it the most, while well-being was higher among those who watched television, but for less than an hour a day.

The study said: “Being happier and lacking worry does not mean never having sweets, snacks and television. In fact, there was some indication in the results that higher well-being was more likely when these were enjoyed in moderation.”

The influence of a healthy diet and plenty of exercise on well-being was “likely to be more complex and longer term”, it added.

chocolate cake snack
Seven-year-olds who were allowed snacks in moderation were ‘happier’

It said establishing positive health behaviours at an early age could lead to healthier outcomes in later life, such as a normal BMI – body mass index – and fewer chronic health conditions, which could contribute to higher well-being at that stage of life.

Teenagers and takeaways

The data for the study was gathered from the Millennium Cohort Study of 12,877 children, and their parents, born in 2000 and surveyed in 2008.

In a separate survey of 11- to 15-year-olds’ well-being, which forms party of the same study, researchers found a similar relationship between some aspects of healthy eating and happiness.

Young people who reported eating fast food or takeaways at least once a week reported feeling happier on average, compared with those who ate fast food only occasionally or never.

But it is possible that eating this type of food as a family or social activity can have a positive impact on children and young people’s well-being.

Jenny Chanfreau, senior researcher at NatCen Social Research, said there were still many strong arguments for promoting healthy behaviour among children.

“Not least that behaviours learnt early in life may continue into adulthood and, unlike among children, adults who eat more fruit and vegetables do have higher levels of well-being.”

The study’s finding that children who said that they liked PE “a lot” had much higher odds of happiness than children who said that they like it “a little” or “not at all” could be important for primary schools, it said.

“Making PE lessons playful and fun is both good for child well-being and may contribute to establishing positive health behaviours for later in life,” the study said.

via BBC News – Secret to happy kids – a bit of TV and the odd takeaway.

標靶藥治癌怕什麼?皮膚乾燥甲溝炎

癌症患者使用標靶藥物及化療藥治療,普遍都有紅腫、乾癢與黑色素沈澱等皮膚問題。

癌症患者使用標靶藥物及化療藥治療,普遍都有紅腫、乾癢與黑色素沈澱等皮膚問題。

 

癌症患者除了擔心腫瘤復發問題,也非常擔心化療後產生的副作用,影響情緒,尤其是近年受重視的標靶藥物其中有一些抑制劑,常常容易引起皮膚反應,當皮膚出現類似掉髮、皮膚乾燥、口腔黏膜發炎,以及引起指甲變化、甲溝炎等症狀時,感覺不勝其擾,甚至嚴重影響生活功能與自信心,不敢出門見人!

腫瘤標靶藥物 易出現皮膚相關副作用

三軍總醫院皮膚部主治醫師陳振豐表示,癌症患者使用標靶藥物及化療藥治療,普遍都有紅腫、乾癢與黑色素沈澱等皮膚問題。而目前使用的腫瘤標靶治療藥物中,常常引起皮膚反應的藥物主要包括:表皮生長因子受器 (EGFR) 抑制劑、血管內皮生長因子受器 (VEGFR)抑制劑等。容易產生類似痤瘡樣的丘疹、化膿、指甲變化、甲溝炎、皮膚乾燥、口腔黏膜發炎、毛髮質地與數量的改變等症狀。

1名病患在使用表皮生長因子受器抑制劑 (Iressa)1個月後,即開始在臉部、頭頸部產生許多紅腫的小膿疱。接著5~6個月,腿部皮膚變得粗糙乾裂,手指甲及腳指甲也發生甲溝炎的現象。以及患部出現紅腫、化膿、疼痛。經使用口服抗生素(Doxymycin) 、口服類固醇,以及外用類固醇兩週後,副作用狀況已大幅改善。

標靶治療後皮膚乾燥 注意適度清潔

癌症患者如何注意照護皮膚出現的一些副作用?持續使用標靶藥物後第1至第4週後,可能會出現皮膚乾燥問題,皮膚變得乾燥,產生容易剝落的麟屑,甚至出現龜裂疼痛之傷口。一般要注意適度清潔,以溫水洗臉,避免肥皂或洗劑洗去過多的油脂,另外要局部加強保濕並避免搔抓。平常應盡量保持乾淨清爽,穿著棉質衣物,避免乾癢的傷口摩擦不適。

癌症患容易出現皮膚相關副作用,患者應該與主治醫師討論,適時調整藥物。(圖片提供/三軍總醫院)

癌症患容易出現皮膚相關副作用,患者應該與主治醫師討論,適時調整藥物。(圖片提供/三軍總醫院)

 

標靶治療後發生甲溝炎 保持患部乾燥

此外,指溝炎也很常見,通常在用藥4至8週後,手腳指甲周圍出現紅腫疼痛,紅色肉芽組織增生,甚至化膿,造成出血與疼痛。一般照護應儘量少碰水及清潔劑,避免穿戴不透氣的手套,避免穿上太緊的鞋子,盡量保持患部乾燥,並用優碘消毒患部。

根據感染的程度以及病灶發炎程度的不同,可使用局部的抗生素、抗黴菌的藥物,嚴重者可加入外用類固醇製劑,以及口服的抗生素也會考慮。若患部有膿疱形成,建議將膿疱切開引流。若有肉芽組織生成,可以使用硝酸銀進行化學燒灼治療。發炎狀況如果持續發生,可能需要以手術清創,或拔除部分指甲的方式積極治療。

【醫師小叮嚀】:

陳振豐醫師表示,面對上述皮膚相關副作用問題時,應該與主治醫師討論,適時調整藥物,才能有令人滿意的生活品質。癌友在面臨皮膚症狀副作用時,儘量避免過度負面思考,可先向皮膚專科醫師求助,尋求副作用方面的治療。若副作用確實嚴重難控制,也可與治療團隊討論是否暫停用藥,等皮膚問題獲得改善,再恢復用藥。

via 標靶藥治癌怕什麼?皮膚乾燥甲溝炎 | 20140424 | 華人健康網.

年紀大凍卵不新鮮?不孕治療6迷思

破除治療不孕症迷思,植入受精卵後婦女仍可正常作息走動,不須長期臥床。

破除治療不孕症迷思,植入受精卵後婦女仍可正常作息走動,不須長期臥床。

 

晚婚求子卻無法如願的不孕症夫妻越來越多,或是未婚先凍卵也掀起風潮,其實許多婦女對治療不孕症存在不少錯誤迷思,例如擔心年紀大凍卵是否能保持新鮮?植入受精卵後一定要臥床休息?擔心懷了試管嬰兒後是否容易流產?寶寶比較不健康等。1位接受人工試管治療不孕症的43歲婦女,為了順利懷孕,植入胚胎在床上躺了14天,甚至還包著尿布不敢下床走動,讓醫師驚呼不可思議。]55160

台大醫院婦產部醫師陳思原指出,不孕求子的方式很多,時下不少人選擇凍卵,這只是協助晚婚女性保存卵子的方式之一,女性在35歲之前凍卵的品質和受孕機率較佳,但目前到醫院要求凍卵的婦女大多集中在35至42歲之間,凍卵之後的卵子存活率約有9成,活產率約為7成。

林口長庚醫院婦產部不孕症科主任黃泓淵表示,目前人工生殖醫學的冷凍技術非常進步,在體外受精的試管嬰兒技術方面,主要是為了提高卵子受孕率,當受精卵植入母體後,只要維持正常作息、避免劇烈運動即可,並不會影響受孕的成效。如果長期躺在床上不動,反而會因身體循環不佳影響健康。

【治療不孕症常見迷思】:

1.不孕症是否可等到年紀較大再治療?

不孕症是「不易受孕」的意思,一般狀況下,夫妻在1年內懷孕的機率可達8至9成。若在規律的性生活、沒有避孕的情況下,1年內沒有成功受孕,即被定義為「不孕症」。女性超過35歲後卵子品質明顯下滑,超過37歲,數目更明顯減少。因此,女性超過37歲若在規律、無避孕的性生活下未懷孕就應及早就醫。

2.不孕症真的都是女方的問題比較多嗎?

其實不然,男女雙方都有近半機率。通常來自女性的不孕因素約佔4成5,例如輸卵管阻塞或沾黏、子宮內膜異位症、卵巢功能不佳等。男性因素也約4成5,例如精蟲數量少、活動力不足、無精症等,另外1成可能是來自男女雙方或不明原因。

不孕症夫妻若想要懷孕生子,男女雙方都要接受診斷才能找出問題正確治療。

不孕症夫妻若想要懷孕生子,男女雙方都要接受診斷才能找出問題正確治療。

 

3.為了速度快一點,是否可以直接做試管嬰兒比較好?

不是每個人都直接需要或適合做試管嬰兒。治療不孕症應是針對原因介入、分階段進行。治療方法包括利用藥物誘導排卵,幫助婦女在月經周期產生更多卵子以增加自然受孕的機會,如果第一階段的人工受孕的治療成效不佳,或因輸卵管阻塞或重度男性不孕症等因素,才考慮接受體外受精的試管嬰兒技術。

4.聽說治療不孕症藥物會導致癌症?打排卵針會讓更年期提早報到?

治療不孕症只是短期使用荷爾蒙,目前並無直接證據顯示,使用口服或針劑排卵藥會增加卵巢癌、子宮內膜癌、乳癌的風險。女性在青春期時約有30萬個卵子,在生育期間,人體腦下垂體分泌滋養卵子的FSH(濾泡促進激素),每個月只可供應一卵子長大成熟,其餘近千個卵子會自行萎縮消耗掉。注射含高單位FSH的排卵針,只是增加其他預計凋亡卵子生長的機會,不會因此排卵過度或讓更年期提早報到。

5.我適合做凍卵嗎?冷凍卵子解凍後還新鮮嗎?

女性超過35歲後卵巢功能下降、卵子數目減少,不容易著床懷孕,而冷凍卵子技術則提供適齡,卻尚無對象、晚婚的女性一個未來生育的機會,但是冷凍卵子不能保證百分之百成功受孕,現在的玻璃化冷凍技術(Vitrification),使卵子存活率達到9成以上,受精率與胚胎分裂率品質和新鮮卵子是相同的。

6.人工試管嬰兒療程期間必須完全臥床嗎?

試管嬰兒主要是幫助不孕者克服不孕症的因素,以體外受精的方式增加成功懷孕的機率,在體外受精後再將胚胎植回子宮,與卵子在輸卵管與精子相遇,自然受精再至子宮內膜著床的狀況一樣,在試管嬰兒療程期間只要保持愉悅心情,正常工作、作息,但不需完全臥床。

via 年紀大凍卵不新鮮?不孕治療6迷思 | 20140424 | 華人健康網.

監測不「走鐘」!血糖機巧用5步驟

血糖機是糖尿病患者監控血糖值不可或缺的家用型醫療器材,在我國屬第二等級醫療器材管理。

血糖機是糖尿病患者監控血糖值不可或缺的家用型醫療器材,在我國屬第二等級醫療器材管理。

 

根據衛生福利部101年統計資料顯示,同年度因糖尿病就醫的民眾高達96萬人,且占十大死因第5名,顯現糖尿病對國人影響甚鉅。為了預防疾病惡化,每個患者需天天使用血糖機監控血糖值,但機器仍有使用上的限制,食品藥物管理署提醒民眾,選購合格的血糖機後,仍要掌握正確使用5步驟,才能準確量測血糖。

血糖機選購2原則:認證照、看說明

血糖機是糖尿病患者監控血糖值不可或缺的家用型醫療器材,在我國屬第二等級醫療器材管理。食藥署提醒民眾,選購時應先「認證照、看說明」,到領有藥商許可執照之合法藥商店家,選購符合個人需求之合法醫療器材,且詳細閱讀產品說明書,遵循指示說明正確操作使用,以確保達到血糖機之使用效能及準確性。

不過,血糖機終究是機器,可能隨著本身品質、使用次數頻繁、置放太久或錯誤使用方式,導致儀器失去準確性和有效性。食藥署表示,臨床上就發現不少人因為血糖機未確實校正、血糖試紙受潮、過期,或使用方式不正確等因素,導致無法準確測得血糖值,影響病患健康及安危。

家用血糖機所量測的數據是用來做為糖尿病等疾病追蹤的參考,而不是做為診斷疾病之用。

家用血糖機所量測的數據是用來做為糖尿病等疾病追蹤的參考,而不是做為診斷疾病之用。

 

血糖機要準確 正確使用5步驟

原則上,血糖機的組合主要包含血糖機、採血針、試紙、品管液等4元件,食藥署提醒民眾,使用血糖機時應熟記下列5個正確使用的步驟「潔、採、校、保、維」,才能確保量測數值的準確性,有效做好血糖監控。

  1. 潔—避免感染:血糖量測過程中涉及血液採集,應注意衛生習慣避免感染風險。
  2. 採—適當採血:採血前應對採血部位進行消毒並且保持乾燥,遵循使用說明指示進行採血,於適當的位置,採取足以判讀之血量。
  3. 校—自主校正:第一次使用儀器、每當開啟一盒新試紙及更換電池時,需搭配校正用之品管液或校正試片,以進行自主校正工作。
  4. 保—保存試片:確認檢測試片是否於有效期限內,保存於涼爽乾燥、避免陽光直射之適當環境。
  5. 維—適時維護:與定期至醫療院所量測之血糖數值比較,若出現嚴重異常或有任何疑義,則須將血糖機送回原廠商或經銷商進行維修校驗。

【健康小叮嚀】:

家用血糖機所量測的數據是用來做為糖尿病等疾病追蹤的參考,而不是做為診斷疾病之用,若發現量測結果與症狀不符,或有任何疑問時,應先回醫院做檢查,以保障自身的健康與安全!

via 監測不「走鐘」!血糖機巧用5步驟 | 20140424 | 華人健康網.

大腸癌病從口入 養好菌去除致癌物

台灣大腸癌發生率及死亡率高的原因可能來自於國人飲食習慣西化、生活作息不正常等有關。

台灣大腸癌發生率及死亡率高的原因可能來自於國人飲食習慣西化、生活作息不正常等有關。

 

「病從口入!」此句話是大腸癌的最高警訊,大腸直腸癌已經連續6年蟬連國人十大癌症第1名,而令人吃驚的是,台北市罹患大腸癌的人更是冠全國,醫師提醒,大腸癌發生原因9成都是吃出來的,預防重於治療,現在開始學習「養好菌」來打擊容易存留在體內的致癌物質。

 台灣腸癌病友協會理事長、台中榮總大腸直腸癌外科主任王輝明醫師表示,臨床上發現罹患大腸癌有年輕化趨勢,日前1名年僅22歲的患者不適求診,檢查已經是末期腸癌,細探之下,發現患者有長達4年的時間喜歡吃速食油炸物的飲食習慣。事實上,大腸癌的高風險族群除了有家族病史、有結腸癌或直腸瘜肉者,另外也包括喜好高脂肪、高膽固醇飲食的人在內。

大腸癌發生率死亡率高 9成病從口入

導致台灣大腸癌發生率及死亡率高的原因可能來自於國人飲食習慣西化、生活作息不正常等,且由於大腸直腸癌患者在確診時25%是晚期,第四期患者平均5年存活率僅有1成,所以現今對於轉移性大腸癌的治療選擇十分值得國人關注。

1名超商老闆娘張小姐平日工作忙碌、壓力大,3年前某天飯後腹部突然劇烈疼痛,原以為吃壞肚子,到院檢查後竟發現直腸癌合併肝臟多顆轉移腫瘤,確診為晚期大腸癌!歷經第一線標靶藥物搭配化療後,雖病情受到控制,不久後卻復發。經過醫師評估,改使用新一代大腸直腸癌二線標靶藥(Aflibercept)搭配化療,目前病情控制良好。

新一代大腸直腸癌標靶藥,對抗3種血管新生因子,晚期治療防線更全面。!

新一代大腸直腸癌標靶藥,對抗3種血管新生因子,晚期治療防線更全面。!

 

大腸直腸癌治療多元 第二線標靶有新藥

王輝明醫師表示,目前大腸直腸癌治療方式多元,早期的患者以手術切除為主,但針對晚期大腸直腸癌患者,標靶藥物搭配化療已是治療趨勢。王在現行轉移性大腸癌的治療方式中,僅第一、三線有健保給付的標靶藥物可搭配化療使用,第二線只有化療把關,就像是一場少了二壘手的棒球比賽,容易讓癌症越過防線。

據臨床經驗觀察,轉移性大腸直腸癌患者使用現行健保給付第一線抗血管新生標靶藥,平均約10個月後,9成以上還是發生癌細胞惡化情形,後續單使用二線化學治療(沒有加標靶藥)在療效上也有限(患者對於二線藥物反應率只有20%,平均約4個月後惡化),對於患者漫長抗癌是一種打擊。

新一代大腸直腸癌二線標靶藥物(Aflibercept)可對抗3種血管新生因子(VEGF-A、VEGF-B、PLGF),可更有效抑制血管新生,進而抑制腫瘤生長。臨床研究發現,相較於單用化學治療,使用新一代標靶藥物(Aflibercept)搭配化療於轉移性腸癌患者第二線治療,有近3成患者的存活期可以延長達2年。

高溫油炸物易致癌 多吃好菌去除致癌物

為什麼大腸癌發生與飲食有關?王輝明醫師表示,只要食物經過高溫150度油炸處理超過2分鐘,即會釋放出致癌物質苯基嘌呤,實驗發現餵以苯基嘌呤的老鼠,很快地罹患胃癌及血癌。1支香菸燃燒後等於產生0.032mg的苯基嘌呤,而1公斤的全熟牛肉毒性相當於600 根香菸燃燒後產生的「苯基嘌呤」,尤其驚人的是,汽機車所排放的廢氣,每1小時等於會產生300mg的苯基嘌呤,致癌程度最高。

日常做好體內環保,可以多吃好菌,腸保健康不罹病!

日常做好體內環保,可以多吃好菌,腸保健康不罹病!

偏愛喜歡吃高溫油炸食物的人,該如何去除存在人體內的致癌物質苯基嘌呤?建議平時多吃好菌,目前依據細菌分子標記16S rDNA鑑定,可以找出1萬6千多種好菌與壞菌,但是其中適合人體的好菌大約有500多種,只要人體內常保持有益菌的狀態,透過其中的酵素進行生物分解,即有助於去除致癌物質。

【醫師小叮嚀】:

如何知道自己體內是否吃進過多的致癌物質?王輝明醫師表示,最簡單的方法即是從排便的顏色與氣味去判斷,健康的人排便顏色呈現金黃色,而且不會有臭味,並能夠感覺「飄浮」在水面;萬一排便顏色暗沈,而且散發出惡臭味,即表示體內可能有毒性物質累積。

日常做好體內環保,可以多吃好菌,即藉由「養好菌」的方式,能打擊容易存留在體內的致癌物質,腸保健康不罹病!

via 大腸癌病從口入 養好菌去除致癌物 | 20140424 | 華人健康網.

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