Your healthcare news library

Posts tagged ‘mental health’

Mental health a challenging issue at Jakarta temporary COVID-19 hospital

Indonesian medical staff prepare a room for patients at the 2018 Asian Games athlete’s village which has been converted into a hospital for COVID-19 coronavirus patients in Jakarta on Mar 23, 2020. (Photo: Hafidz Mubarak A/POOL/AFP)Indonesian medical staff prepare a room for patients at the 2018 Asian Games athlete’s village which has been converted into a hospital for COVID-19 coronavirus patients in Jakarta on Mar 23, 2020. (Photo: Hafidz Mubarak A/POOL/AFP)

By Kiki Siregar

24 May 2020 06:02AM (Updated: 24 May 2020 06:10AM)

JAKARTA: Former COVID-19 patient Indah, not her real name, still remembers the moments when she thought about jumping out of a window.
When she was tested positive in late April, the 30-year-old Indonesian was warded at Jakarta’s 2018 Asian Games athlete’s village. The facility was converted into an emergency makeshift hospital for COVID-19 cases that have been assessed to be less serious.

Separated from her three children, the youngest being just two-years-old, Indah missed them badly. She tried to connect with them daily through video calls and messaging apps.
When her children told her that their neighbours had stopped them from leaving home, for fear that they would spread the virus, she felt angry and helpless.
“I didn’t dare to look at a window because I would suddenly think of committing suicide,” she said when interviewed by CNA.
She added: “My room had a window and was on the 27th floor. When I looked down, I felt I wanted to jump out of the window, I just felt I wanted to end my life.

“I have never felt like that. Far away from my little children and my neighbours were saying bad things about them. I was stressed out.
” Fortunately, she quickly realised ending her own life was not a solution, as there would be no one to take care of her children.
“I don’t want them to receive a lack of love just like my experience when I was young. I don’t want them to not have a mother,” she recounted.

Indah claimed that she was not alone in having suicidal thoughts. During her 18 days of hospitalisation, she encountered other patients who also had suicidal thoughts or displayed other symptoms of stress such as crying for the entire day.
She said some were stressed out because they had been hospitalised for over a month and felt bored and helpless, a state she also experienced.
PSYCHOLOGICAL DIMENSION OF COVID-19
Dr Stefanus Dony, the operational coordinator of the athlete’s village told CNA that when the makeshift hospital was newly launched in March and the psychological teams had not yet started work, they had a patient who tried to jump out of the window and attack the medical workers.
They quickly referred the patient to a psychiatric hospital in Jakarta as the person seemed to be suicidal.
“But now we have a psychological team and programmes so hopefully this will prevent unwanted things from happening and reduce the stress levels of our patients, including our health workers.”

Captain Didon Permadi, the head of the psychology team at the athlete’s village added that since he joined the hospital in mid-April, no one there has tried to commit suicide.
The suicidal thoughts were actually manifestations of the stress they experienced, he explained.

The psychologist said the emotional state of patients were caused by various factors.
“To some people the source is family problems, losing a family member but unable to witness the funeral, thinking of their children, thinking of their jobs, and mainly waiting for the swab test result to be out,” he said.
Permadi added: “Another stressor is how people in their neighbourhood are treating their family (while they are warded at the athlete’s village) … They (feel like they) are ostracised, isolated, and don’t receive social support.
“Even when they have tested negative, some are anxious about going home.”

All these are manifested in different behaviours, said the psychologist.
”Since I’ve joined, according to the reports of several nurses, the uncontrollable behaviours some patients display include being angry and scolding the nurses, among others.
“There was also a patient who urinated anywhere he wanted and entered the rooms of other patients. But upon further examination, that person had suffered from a massive stroke and his memory is a bit impaired.”
Permadi also noted that some were already suffering from psychotic problems prior to their hospitalisation.
In such a case, they would refer them to a different hospital that would be able to handle such patients, he said.

Five psychologists, five assistant psychologists and one psychiatrist have been on duty since early April.
They take care of the mental health of about 800 patients, most of whom have mild COVID-19 symptoms.
While there are no exact statistics on how many coronavirus patients in Indonesia have experienced mental problems, a woman suspected of contracting COVID-19 died last Sunday (May 17) after jumping out of the hospital window where she was warded.
Local media reported that the patient had made several requests to be discharged.

GROUP ACTIVITIES AND SOCIAL SUPPORT
The psychologists have come up with preventive programmes to keep the patients and also the nurses mentally healthy.
Psychoeducation and positive messages are broadcast through messaging apps and loudspeakers twice a day.
There are also group activities that are organised in adherence to social distancing principles so that they can support each other and won’t feel lonely.
One-to-one counselling sessions and a hotline service are also available, Permadi said, while visits to the patients are also done regularly every Tuesday and Friday.
“We believe the patients here encounter problems which can disrupt them psychologically because they don’t really suffer from major problems physically but their activities are limited.
“And while waiting for the test result, they develop negative thoughts which disturb their sleep patterns and later their physical condition which could affect their immunity,” he noted.

The athlete’s village is meant for COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms and suspected cases, some of whom are also anxious that they could catch the virus while being hospitalised there. It is the only hospital in Jakarta which is entirely focused on treating COVID-19 patients.

Indah said the psychologists and their programmes have helped her overcome her suicidal thoughts.
Knowing that she had a support system at the makeshift hospital was also beneficial and important.
“We give each other support and share food with one another if someone had leftovers. We also pray for each other,” she said.
Now that she is back home, she is still upset every time she perceives that her family may have been ostracised.
She would sometimes send messages to the psychologists at the athlete’s village to pour her heart out.
“I just want people not to stigmatise and ostracise us.”

Source: CNA/ks(aw)

https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/covid-19-jakarta-mental-struggle-athlete-village-indonesia-12748260

Magic mushrooms ‘promising’ in depression

Mental health cuts cost the NHS millions, charity says

_74143047_m2450503-depressed_girl_holding_her_head_in_her_hands-spl4679343
Rethink said cognitive behavioural therapy could help cut long-term costs of care

 

Cuts to mental health care are costing the NHS millions of pounds long-term, a report has said.

More cases of psychosis and schizophrenia now end up in hospital rather than being treated in the community, it said.

Rethink Mental Illness published the report with the London School of Economics.

Cuts mean fewer people have access to early intervention treatment, such as talking therapy, Rethink said.

It said the NHS could save more than £50m a year by shifting its focus.

We recognise we must work to ensure that in everything we do mental health has parity of esteem with physical health”

Dr Martin McShaneNational director, NHS England

Britain’s recession in 2008 led to cuts across the NHS, as the government struggled to deal with ballooning deficits.

The report said it costs on average £13 a day to support someone with psychosis or schizophrenia in the community.

It said this compared with the £350 average daily cost of keeping a mental health patient in hospital.

‘Shift of resources’

Meanwhile, 54% of the psychosis budget was being spent on inpatient care rather than on preventive community services, the report found.

Family therapy, where families of people with psychosis and schizophrenia are supported, cognitive behavioural therapy, and peer support could help cut long-term costs of care, it said.

Health Minister Norman Lamb said early access to treatment in the community was “often the best option” for people with psychosis and schizophrenia.

He said: “Not only do they benefit from being in familiar surroundings among loved ones but they are less likely to need costly hospital stays.”

Mr Lamb called for a “shift of resources” to preventive care and said that the government had given NHS England a “clear objective” to put mental and physical health on a par.

Mental health trust budgets for 2013-14 have fallen by 2.3% from 2011-12.

The cuts have meant mental health trusts have been asked to save almost 20% more from next year’s budgets than hospitals.

Budgets for community mental health teams, which give continuing support to patients to prevent their health deteriorating to crisis point,reached a plateau for 2011-12 but referrals rose by 13%.

‘Parity of esteem’

The report also predicted more than £50m a year could be saved if early detection services could be strengthened.

It said the NHS saved £989 every time people were treated with cognitive behavioural therapy instead of going to hospital.

Rethink said mental health accounted for 23% of the disease burden in England but received only 13% of the health budget.

Dr Martin McShane, national director for long-term conditions at NHS England, said the report was “very helpful” and was supportive of what the organisation wanted to achieve.

He said: “We recognise we must work to ensure that in everything we do mental health has parity of esteem with physical health.

“We have significantly invested in improving access to psychological therapies and dementia care.”

via BBC News – Mental health cuts cost the NHS millions, charity says.

‘Rise’ in children treated on adult mental health wards

_73101370_73101369

An increasing number of under-18s with mental health problems in England are being treated on adult psychiatric wards, it has emerged.

Using Freedom of Information requests, the BBC and online journal Community Care found the number of under-18s being treated in adult units was in its hundreds – and rising.

Data returned by 51 of the 58 NHS mental health trusts in England showed that 350 under-18s have been admitted so far to adult mental health wards in 2013-14, compared with 242 two years earlier.

Meanwhile, many children are having to travel hundreds of miles to receive hospital treatment, as Michael Buchanan reports.

via BBC News – ‘Rise’ in children treated on adult mental health wards.

Davos 2014: OECD highlights mental health in workplace

mental health

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD, is using the World Economic Forum to highlight the issue of stress in the workplace.

The OECD says it is one of the key challenges – in the UK alone, nearly 500,000 people were off work for mental health reasons last year.

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria told BBC World that white-collar workers were more prone to stress but there did not to appear to be any further link to type of employment.

via BBC News – Davos 2014: OECD highlights mental health in workplace.

Love letters and kindness may improve mental health

Handwriting

“You matter to me. In a way I cannot explain, you matter to me. And you, you are a marvel… you and all the parts of you.”

It’s not the kind of thing you normally write to a complete stranger.

But after graduating from college and moving to New York City, Hannah Brencher was feeling anxious and depressed. She found herself not wanting to be around other people and “just really unravelling”.

Then she started writing love letters to strangers and leaving them all over the city. The first letter she left on a train simply addressed: “If you find this letter then it’s for you.”

Since then she has left letters in libraries and cafes, and even hidden them around the United Nations building.


To whoever finds this letter

You and I don’t know one another. We may never sit and laugh over cups of coffee. We may never dance in the same circles or yawn together by the midnight hour. None of that really matters to me. It is so small and meaningless to the things I wish you would know on a daily basis: that you are lovely. That you are worthy. That those hands of yours were made for mighty, mighty things.

You probably think I am crazy. You are probably sitting here with this letter in your hands thinking, you cannot know that… you don’t know me… you don’t know a stitch of me. Yes, you’re right. But I know all the things I thought I never deserved. I know how very hard it once was to love myself and value myself and even find myself worth the reflection in the mirror. And so I know I am not alone in needing a boost some days, in needing to know that I matter to someone somewhere.

You matter to me. In a way I cannot explain, you matter to me. And you, you are a marvel… you and all the parts of you.

Love,

A girl just trying to find her way

“What I noticed was that my sadness and loneliness got backburnered,” she told the BBC. “I found something that allowed me to take the focus off of myself.”

Unexpected kindness

Hannah and her More Love Letters campaign are part of a growing number of organisations shouting about the beneficial effects of random acts of kindness for givers as well as receivers.

It might sound a bit like new-age nonsense to some people, but new research suggests being kind might actually be good for your mental health.

A study published in the journal Emotion reports that performing acts of kindness may help people with social anxiety to feel more positive.

Dr Lynn Alden and Dr Jennifer Trew, from the University of British Columbia, asked volunteers with high levels of social anxiety to commit multiple acts of kindness on two days a week over a four-week period.

“Sometimes people would give a small gift to somebody, or picking somebody up from work, visiting sick people, thanking a bus driver. They were actually fairly small acts,” explained Dr Alden.

They were small acts perhaps, but ones which had a much bigger impact.

Challenging beliefs

More standard treatment for social anxiety disorder is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) adapted specifically for people who fear they will do or say something embarrassing in a social situation.


Social anxiety disorder

  • It is the most common of the anxiety disorders.
  • It is more common in women than men and often begins in adolescence.
  • People fear they will do or say something embarrassing in a social situation and avoid those situations as a result.
  • Physical symptoms include signs of anxiety such as blushing, sweating, shaking, heart pounding, muscle tension and upset stomach.

As part of this therapy patients are encouraged to face their fears about social contact, by putting themselves into a situation they would normally avoid or initiating conversation with new people.

In Dr Alden’s experiment a comparison group of anxious volunteers were asked to perform small “belief-challenging” tasks similar to these therapeutic ones.

Just like the kind acts group, this group were also increasing their levels of social contact, engaging in unfamiliar behaviour, and paying attention to others’ responses; all things which have been suggested to be important components in overcoming social anxiety.

At the end of the four weeks, participants in the kind acts group avoided social situations less and also reported increased relationship satisfaction. Performing kind acts appeared to have a bigger effect than CBT-like behaviour tasks.


The kindness offensive

Free hugs poster

A London-based initiative called the Kindness Offensive have been organising give-away events and encouraging kind acts since 2008.

They hold the world record for the largest ever random act of kindness for distributing 39 tonnes of goods in one day.

“It’s practically impossible to do an act of kindness without feeling good about yourself,” said the aptly named David Goodfellow, one of the founding members of the group.

“If you can make someone’s day a little bit better it will actually make your day a little bit better.”

The Kindness Offensive

Dr Nick Grey, consultant clinical psychologist and clinic director at the Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma in London, was initially wary of the idea that performing kind acts might have therapeutic value for patients with anxiety disorders.

“I hadn’t seen the paper and I was sceptical from the title to be honest. But it’s a good paper and comes from a well-respected team.

“I don’t think that’s ever going to be a therapy in and of itself, but it could well be the kind of activity that could be integrated as part of a broader treatment.”

Dr Alden suggests that acts of kindness might be an initial step in a longer therapeutic pathway.

“Engaging in kind acts may help the person to get out and encounter other people and then we can use other techniques to help the person change their beliefs about themselves.”

But she urges caution about performing acts of kindness chosen by someone else or just to impress others.

“I think it has be done in such a way that the individual has a sense of autonomy. They are performing the act because they want to and not because it’s required by the group.”

BBC – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-21900202#?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

Depression in pregnancy ‘risk to future mental health’

Pregnant woman
Depression can happen during pregnancy too

More than a third of women who become depressed during their pregnancy have suicidal thoughts, suggests a snapshot survey carried out by the Royal College of Midwives and Netmums.

The poll of 260 mothers with antenatal depression found they were at greater risk of worsening mental health problems then women with postnatal depression.

Only 22% sought help from their GP.

Experts say women with the condition need more support.

The Department of Health has announced that £25m will be made available to improve maternity facilities for mothers and babies, and an NHS information service for parents is to include videos on how to spot signs of postnatal depression.

If we can identify women as early as possible then we could prevent them declining into much more serious mental health problems”

Cathy Warwick Royal College of Midwives

‘Greater risk’

Antenatal depression, which occurs during pregnancy, is less known and talked about than postnatal depression, which happens after the birth of a baby.

This small survey suggests that those who suffer from depression during pregnancy are at greater risk of worsening mental health problems than those who have postnatal depression alone.

According to the survey, 80% of women with depression in pregnancy also went on to have postnatal depression.

About 56% of those surveyed had problems during their first pregnancy but almost 66% said they had problems during their second.

Just over half of the women said their illness had affected their relationship with their baby and 38% said they had problems bonding with their baby.

Only 30% were warned about antenatal depression by midwives and most of the women said it took a few months before they realised that they had a problem.

Just 22% sought medical help from their GP at that point – perhaps because only one in three women were aware of the possibility of becoming depressed during pregnancy.

Just 27% reported being asked how they felt emotionally during their pregnancy.

HAYLEY’S STORY

Hayley was 12 weeks pregnant when she started feeling awful.

“I had bad sickness and I just thought I was really tired, but it was getting worse,” she says.

“I was constantly crying. I didn’t want to talk about being pregnant and I kept imaging things were wrong with the baby.”

Everyone kept telling Hayley she was lucky to be pregnant, particularly since she had been told she would never conceive.

She went to GP for help but was given no support.

“Everyone is so aware of postnatal depression. They give you advice on the warning signs after you’ve had baby.”

Instead, she was crippled with fear and anxiety during her pregnancy and couldn’t get excited about the arrival of her first child.

“I went from being happy to living under black cloud.”

When Toby was born, everything changed and Hayley was on a real high.

During her second pregnancy, Hayley did not suffer antenatal depression, but she was diagnosed with delayed postnatal depression when her son Zac was two.

“I hit the black cloud again – but this time help was there immediately.”

Cathy Warwick, chief executive of the Royal College of Midwives, said the survey showed an urgent need to identify and help women with antenatal and postnatal depression.

“If we can identify women as early as possible then we could prevent them declining into much more serious mental health problems.”

‘Be open’

Sally Russell, co-founder of Netmums, said depression and anxiety could make life very difficult for parents with a new baby.

“Midwives can do a lot to help and reassure, so they should be open with mothers and fathers-to-be about the condition and trained to spot the signs.

“Those suffering often don’t know who to talk to, so it’s essential they know they can be open and honest about how they are feeling with midwives.”

Health Minister Dr Dan Poulter, who announced the £25m fund to improve maternity services, said hospitals would be able to bid for en suite facilities, rooms where fathers can stay overnight or facilities like birthing pools.

“A new arrival in the family is a joyous time but can present challenges for mums and families, particularly new families. I want to help women and their partners as much as possible,” he said.

The NHS Information Service for Parents is available to every new parent to sign up to if their chid is under six months old. From next year it will support parents with babies and young children up to 18 months old.

Dr Poulter added: “Women with postnatal depression need care and support, not stigma. That’s why early diagnosis for this traumatic condition and support for parents is so important.”

In May, the government also pledged to recruit an extra 4,200 health visitors and give them training to diagnose postnatal depression.

BBC

Premature birth linked to worse mental health

Premature baby

One in 13 babies are born before 36 weeks

Being born prematurely is linked to an increased risk of a range of mental health problems much later in life, according to researchers.

Bipolar disorder, depression and psychosis were all more likely, the study in The Archives of General Psychiatry suggested.

The overall risk remained very low, but was higher in premature babies.

Experts cautioned there have since been significant advances in caring for premature babies.

Full-term pregnancies last for around 40 weeks, but one in 13 babies are born prematurely, before 36 weeks.

Heightened risk

Researchers at the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College London and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden analysed data from 1.3m people born in Sweden between 1973 and 1985.

They found 10,523 people were admitted to hospital with a psychiatric disorders, 580 of those had been born prematurely.

The academics showed full-term children had a two in 1,000 chance of being admitted. The risk was four in 1,000 for premature babies born before 36 weeks and six in 1,000 for those born before 32 weeks.

I don’t think parents should be worried”

Dr Chiara Nosarti King’s College London

Very premature babies were more than seven times more like to have bipolar disorder and nearly three times as likely to have depression.

One of the researchers, Dr Chiara Nosarti, said the real figures may be higher as milder conditions would not have needed a hospital visit.

However, she cautioned that the risk was low and the vast majority of premature babies are perfectly healthy.

She told the BBC: “I don’t think parents should be worried, but we know that preterm birth confers an increased vulnerability to a variety of psychiatric conditions and perhaps parents should be aware of this and monitor early signs of later more serious problems.”

She speculate that “disrupted development” may affect the babies’ brains.

‘Striking’

The chief executive of the mental health charity SANE, Marjorie Wallace, said: “We already knew that premature birth may be linked to schizophrenia, but to see evidence linking it to a range of psychiatric conditions which required hospitalisation is striking.”

The baby care charity Bliss said it was well-established that early birth can affect the developing brain.

However, its chief executive Andy Cole cautioned that some of the people in the study were born “40 years ago and that neonatal clinical practice to limit neurological damage has been transformed over the past four decades, with significantly improved outcomes seen today.”

There have been developments in cooling the brain to reduce any damage as well as improvements in ventilation to ensure enough oxygen is getting to brain.

BBC

Clearing the grey areas of mental health

SINGAPORE: Two programmes aimed at the early detection and treatment of mental disorders among the elderly have made inroads into raising the awareness of mental health issues faced by Singapore’s greying population.

The Institute of Mental Health’s (IMH) Aged Psychiatry Community Assessment and Treatment Service (APCATS) and Changi General Hospital’s (CGH) Community Psychogeriatric Programme have screened more than 2,500 elderly persons here and trained various community partners to identify and better manage charges with dementia.

One of the agencies that have benefitted from IMH’s programme is the Man Fut Tong Nursing Home, which also runs a day-care centre for the elderly.

About 20 of its care staff and therapists have undergone more than 70 hours of free training since 2009. Armed with the necessary techniques to screen their elderly clients, staff members have been able to identify those who might be mentally unwell.

For example, a 72-year-old man at the day-care centre was noted to be “very unmotivated” and had lost interest in activities, said Ms P Manchu, manager for rehabilitation services in the home. Further diagnosis conducted by the IMH team confirmed that the man was suffering from moderate depression, which meant earlier medical help could be given.

A CGH spokesperson noted that mental health problems in the elderly often “go undetected until it is too late”. Dr Joshua Kua, project director of APCATS at the IMH, echoed this sentiment, citing studies he has conducted in two social day care centres for the elderly.

“Findings have shown that one in five elderly attending these centres have dementia, which might be undetected,” he said.

Dr Kua, who is also a senior consultant in IMH’s department of geriatric psychiatry, had started APCATS in 2006 after returning from a medical training stint in Australia.

“I realised then that we don’t have a service here which caters to elderly who are frail and weak and are unable to come to the clinic for treatment,” he said.

In 2008, APCATS, which provides direct care to home-bound elderly people with mental health problems, was included into IMH’s National Mental Health Blueprint’s Community Psychogeriatric Programme. That same year, a second component of the programme was launched to train IMH’s community care partners. As of 2010, 69 eldercare agencies have signed up.

More than just equipping care staff with the knowledge and skills to identify mental illnesses, the programme also trained staff in the management and care of the elderly suffering from mental illness.

At Man Fut Tong Nursing Home, Ms Manchu said her staff were able to conduct counselling sessions with the 72-year-old man to plan activities which were more suitable to his needs, “to overcome and manage” his depression.

Dr Kua hopes to reach out to more community partners, to achieve “a multiplicative effect”, where well-trained staff members can train others.

– TODAY/CNA

Mental health concerns rise with cosmetic surgery boom


A doctor performs cosmetic surgery at a clinic in Seoul./ Korea Times file

By Kelly Frances, Park Jin-seng

“This is the nose you’ll see most if you go clubbing these days,” said Sumi Lee, a university student in Seoul. She gestured to an ad for a posh plastic surgery clinic, showcasing “before and after” images of a rhinoplasty patient.

“I call it the Gangnam nose, and half of my friends have it. If I could afford it, I’d get it too.”

Lee isn’t alone. A country renowned for its dramas, music and high tech culture is swiftly becoming famous for surgically altered faces. The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery reported that Korea has the second highest rate of plastic surgery procedures per capita in the world after Hungary.

A survey conducted by the Seoul city government reported over 50 percent of women under the age of 30 went under the knife in 2011, and 31.5 percent of participants over the age of 15 expressed intentions of having surgery in the future.

Last year, the Ministry of Education distributed a booklet aimed at educating students about “plastic surgery syndrome,” or the unhealthy preoccupation with surgery.

“It isn’t uncommon for students to return from vacation with a new nose or double-lidded eyes,” says Sheri Grant, a high school teacher in Seoul. “I had one girl come back that I didn’t even recognize; she had her entire face made over.”

What had inspired this penchant for shape-shifting in a nation where traditional Confucian teachings depict the body as “a cherished ancestral inheritance”?

From an evolutionary perspective, women’s desire for beauty is instinctual, so understanding it is helpful in distinguishing the “healthy” from the “unhealthy.”

Reports by prominent Korean match-making services reveal that marriage-seeking women prioritize the following attributes in descending order: Economic capacity/occupation, personality, family background, appearance.

Men, however, answered similar surveys in the following order: Beauty, personality, economic capacity/occupation, family background.

The results show that for women, a good job out-ranks a handsome face. But for men, beauty comes before brains and bucks.

Another contributing factor might be the nature of the Korean cosmetic industry itself, which is especially attractive to ambitious medical students. Unlike the situation in fields such as internal medicine or general surgery, cosmetic procedures are not regulated by the government, nor are they covered by national insurance.

This allows doctors to negotiate, dole out discounts, or raise prices in accordance with fame. Not surprisingly, savvy advertising is prominent in subway stations, conventional media, and most notably, through the wide eyes and high bridged noses of the hottest celebs.

Healthy vs. unhealthy

At what point is surgery unhealthy?

The difference between healthy and unhealthy plastic surgery can be vague, and is rife with controversy.

There is no legal requirement for surgeons to demand psychological screening for patients, though parental permission is required for those less than 18 years of age.

Surgery that is considered healthy are those in which we can understand the motivation of the patient to get the surgery from a common sense standpoint, the cost of the surgery does not exceed economic capacity, the patient does not seek excessive or repeated surgery, the patient is satisfied with results, and that leads to a rise in self esteem.

The most extreme disorder related to appearance is body dysmorphic disorder, a condition marked by a delusional level of concern about a physical trait. Interestingly, reports have shown that one third of rhinoplasty patients suffer from the condition. In 2007, a U.S. study showed that women who get cosmetic breast implants are nearly three times as likely to commit suicide as other women, and had a tripled risk of death from drug and alcohol abuse.

Although there is no arguing that successful ‘nipping and tucking’ has bolstered many careers, boosted confidence, or combated unwanted genetics, there are those who wish that the adage “it’s what’s inside that counts” could be more prominent in today’s society.

“I don’t know if I agree with plastic surgery, really,” says Grant. “The girl who had her face made over became a completely different person. She went from being the shy kid to the most popular kid in class. She did, however, say that she went through excruciating pain, and it cost her parents a fortune. I hope it was worth it.”

Read More :Korea Times

Tag Cloud