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Archive for September, 2014

Sierra Leone widens Ebola quarantine to three more districts

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Umaru Fofana is in the Sierra Leone capital, Freetown

 

Sierra Leone’s President Ernest Bai Koroma has widened a quarantine to include another one million people in an attempt to curb the spread of Ebola.

The northern districts of Port Loko and Bombali, and Moyamba in the south, will in effect be sealed off immediately.

Nearly 600 people have died of the virus in Sierra Leone and two eastern districts have been isolated since the beginning of August.

The move follows a three-day nationwide lockdown that ended on Sunday night.

New figures released by the UN World Health Organization show that 2,917 people have died in the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa, with Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea worst affected.

Two eastern districts have already been isolated and the extension of the indefinite quarantine means more than a third of Sierra Leone’s 6.1 million population now finds itself unable to move freely.

During Sierra Leone’s three-day curfew, more than a million households were surveyed and 130 new cases discovered, the authorities say.

A vendor stands among her goods in Freetown, Sierra Leone, Thursday, 18 September 2014There are fears the quarantine and border closures in the region could devastate the economy

President Koroma said the move had been a success but had exposed “areas of greater challenges”, which was why other areas were being quarantined.

Only people delivering essential services can enter and circulate within areas under quarantine.

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Skills shortage:

Guinea's Red Cross health workers wearing protective suits prepare to carry the body of a victim of Ebola at the NGO Medecins Sans Frontieres Ebola treatment centre near the hospital Donka in Conakry, 14 September 2014
  • Liberia with a 4.2m population: 51 doctors; 978 nurses and midwives; 269 pharmacists
  • Sierra Leone with a 6m population: 136 doctors; 1,017 nurses and midwives; 114 pharmacists

Source: Afri-Dev.Info

Ebola drains weak health systems

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In a televised address, the president acknowledged that the isolation would “pose great difficulties” for people.

“[But] the life of everyone and the survival of our country take precedence over these difficulties,” he said.

According to WHO, the situation nationally in Sierra Leone continues to deteriorate with a sharp increase in the number of newly reported cases in the capital, Freetown, and its neighbouring districts of Port Loko, Bombali, and Moyamba, which are now under quarantine.

Country Existing bed capacity Newly funded beds Extra beds required
SOURCE: WHO, 24 SEPTEMBER 2014
Guinea 180 0 40
Liberia 315 440 1,550
Sierra Leone 323 297 532

Despite efforts to deploy more health workers and open new Ebola treatment centres in the worst-affected countries, there was still a significant lack of beds in Sierra Leone and Liberia, with more than 2,000 needed, WHO said.

The situation in Guinea appeared to be stabilising, with up to 100 new confirmed cases reported in each of the past five weeks, but it was still of grave concern, it said.

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Ebola virus disease (EVD)

Ebola virus
  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Spread by body fluids, such as blood and saliva
  • Fatality rate can reach 90% – but current outbreak has mortality rate of about 70%
  • Incubation period is two to 21 days
  • There is no proven vaccine or cure
  • Supportive care such as rehydrating patients who have diarrhoea and vomiting can help recovery
  • Fruit bats, a delicacy for some West Africans, are considered to be virus’s natural host

Ebola virus: busting the myths

via BBC News – Sierra Leone widens Ebola quarantine to three more districts.

隱形殺手!小心高血壓併發中風危機

高血壓是健康的隱形殺手,調查發現,在國內65歲以上年長者,平均每14人就有1人發生過中風,且國人10大死因中,平均每46.5分鐘就有1人因腦血管疾病死亡。醫師指出,血壓的高低與發生中風,或其它心血管疾病風險,為一連續性的關係,一般而言,平均血壓每增加10mmHg,罹患中風的危險性即增加30%,因此,千萬不可掉以輕心!

高血壓是健康的隱形殺手,平均血壓每增加10mmHg,罹患中風的危險性即增加30%。

高血壓是健康的隱形殺手,平均血壓每增加10mmHg,罹患中風的危險性即增加30%。

林口長庚醫院「腦血管科主任」張健宏醫師指出,成人正常血壓為收縮壓<120mmHg、舒張壓<80mmHg,正常偏高血壓為收縮壓<120-139mmHg,或舒張壓<80-89mmHg之間;第1期高血壓是指收縮壓介於140-159mmHg,或舒張壓介於90-99mmHg之間;第2期高血壓是指收縮壓介於≧160mmHg,或舒張壓≧100mmHg。

調降血壓 需先規律服藥

臨床上,收縮壓大於140mmHg或舒張壓大於90mmHg,兩者間有一項符合,即可稱為「高血壓」,而不論是原發性高血壓,還是疾病引起的續發性高血壓,想要達到良好的血壓控制效果,最有效的方式就是按時且規律的服藥。

然而根據調查,國內平均每2位高血壓患者在經過治療後,只有1位能達高血壓控制目標;每4位高血壓伴隨糖尿病患者經治療後,僅1位可達到血壓控制目標,甚至有許多患者,一直到突然腦中風才知道自己是高血壓。

最主要原因是高血壓平日不會有特別症狀,但患者若長期有高血壓,會使血管壁承受較大的壓力,造成動脈硬化狹窄、血管阻塞,當腦血管因血壓上升而破裂,就會造成腦出血。

張健宏醫師(如圖)指出,血壓越高或是控制不好,發生心肌梗塞、心臟衰竭、中風、腎臟病的機會就越大。(攝影/張世傑)

張健宏醫師(如圖)指出,血壓越高或是控制不好,發生心肌梗塞、心臟衰竭、中風、腎臟病的機會就越大。(攝影/張世傑)

血壓控制差 中風機率高

張健宏醫師強調,血壓越高或是控制不好,發生心肌梗塞、心臟衰竭、中風、腎臟病的機會就越大,尤其國人10大死因中,有一半和高血壓有關,特別是腦中風或其它心血管疾病的危險度,除依據血壓的輕、中、重度外,必須同時考慮是否存在有相關血管危險因子。

《中風前 小心5徵兆》

1.劇烈頭痛。

2.單側手腳突然感到無力、麻木無感覺。

3.視力模糊。

4.語言表達障礙。

5.暈眩、失去平衡、噁心。

《遠離高血壓危險因子 戒菸與減重》

高血壓危險因子包括:如吸菸、肥胖、高血脂、糖尿病,或是有家族遺傳等;輕度高血壓者,若能改變生活型態、戒菸、減輕體重、限制鹽分攝取、增加有氧運動等,多可降低高血壓10mmHg左右。

至於中、高度高血壓患者,除要改變生活型態外,則必須使用抗高血壓藥物,若使用單一藥物仍未能有效控制血壓時,則可考慮同時使用多種抗血壓藥,以達到加乘降壓效果。

高血壓用藥 非單一選擇

對於高血壓中風病人的高血壓控制,美國國家聯合委員會(JNC)建議,使用利尿劑Diuretic及血管張力素轉化繪抑制劑ACEI,對於預防中風而言,適當控制血壓,比改善內皮細胞功能等理論,更為重要,且不論預防初次中風或是再度中風,都建議使用Diuretic為第1考量,若結果仍未達到理想降壓效果,則考慮添加ACEI/ARB或CCB等藥物,達到調降血壓目標。

【醫師小提醒】:

國民健康署統計,國內高血壓病人罹患中風機率風險,為一般人的2.8倍,因此想要控制好高血壓,應養成每天定時量血壓的習慣,只要做好血壓監控、按時服藥,並配合醫囑,平時養成定期運動的好習慣、不菸不酒、不熬夜、做好飲食控制,如此便可減少高血壓帶來的危害。

via 隱形殺手!小心高血壓併發中風危機 | 20140925 | 華人健康網.

喝絲瓜水≠美白 珍藏2個意外好處

天熱想美白,如果認為只要喝絲瓜水就能美白、潤膚,可就大錯特錯了!營養師表示,絲瓜中有助美白的維生素C成份並不算高,遠低於芭樂、柑橘、紅蘿蔔等蔬果,因此想藉由吃絲瓜美白,效果有限。但是,吃絲瓜卻有兩個意想不到的健康好處,讓人跌破眼鏡!

天熱想美白,如果認為喝絲瓜水能美白、潤膚,可就大錯特錯了!(圖片/取材自維基百科)

天熱想美白,如果認為喝絲瓜水能美白、潤膚,可就大錯特錯了!(圖片/取材自維基百科)

王子南營養師表示,絲瓜除了含有常見蔬果中所擁有的多種維生素、礦物質、菸鹼素等營養外,絲瓜更屬於低GI食物的一員,食用後血糖不會因此瞬間飆升,相當適合日常需小心控制血糖的糖尿病患者食用。

最重要的是,絲瓜熱量非常低,每100公克熱量僅有17大卡,含水比高達95.2%,不但能提升飽足感、降低進食量,更含有微量的皂甙、葫蘆巴鹼等有助人體抗氧化、抑制癌細胞植物性化合物,適量食用對人體健康好處多多。

絲瓜粗纖維含量豐 食用助降膽固醇

除了上述好處外,絲瓜果肉中更含有豐富的纖維質,特別是「粗纖維」的含量比一般蔬果多出許多。適度食用絲瓜,有助粗纖維與人體形成膽固醇的前驅物膽酸結合,使膽酸因此排出體外,間接達到降低血液中總膽固醇含量的效果。

腎功能不全等需要實施限鉀飲食的患者,真的什麼都不能吃嗎?

腎功能不全等需要實施限鉀飲食的患者,真的什麼都不能吃嗎?

絲瓜高含水 低鈉低鉀能利尿

至於絲瓜低鈉、低鉀的特性,不但能讓洗腎、腎功能異常、腎功能不全,飲食需要限鉀的患者在飲食過程中大口放心食用。含水比高達95.2%、水量豐沛的絲瓜,還有一定的利尿作用,對於來說,此類患者來說,絲瓜可說是上天賜予的一大寶物。

【營養師小叮嚀】:

不過,王子南營養師也提醒,想要完整保留食物中的營養成分,特別是確保蔬果中的營養素不被破壞,建議以生食的方式較為適宜,才不會使蔬果中的營養在高溫烹煮過程中產生裂變,使營養成分大量消失。

若不習慣生食,亦或是該蔬果不適宜生吃,王子南營養師推薦大家不妨可以使用俗稱油水炒(又稱水油炒)的烹煮方式,也就是在傳統到油熱鍋的動作前,先加入適量的水份,再倒入植物油、沙拉油,快速伴炒蔬食的方法,降低油溫、發煙點,來避免養分在大火烹煮過程中流失。

via 喝絲瓜水≠美白 珍藏2個意外好處 | 20140925 | 華人健康網.

秋天除斑怎麼吃?3大體質是哪一種

時序入秋,本該涼爽宜人的天氣,在秋老虎發威下,紫外線強度卻不減反增,一不小心就讓惱人斑點找上門,使美麗大打折扣。想擺脫斑點糾纏究竟該怎麼做?中醫師表示,除了做好防曬之外,不妨可食用有助疏肝、理氣、活血的藥膳,從體內幫助改善。

想擺脫惱人斑點究竟該怎麼做呢?中醫師表示,除了做好防曬、減少日曬等外在防護外,不妨可食用有助疏肝、理氣、活血的藥膳,從體內幫助改善。

想擺脫惱人斑點究竟該怎麼做呢?中醫師表示,除了做好防曬、減少日曬等外在防護外,不妨可食用有助疏肝、理氣、活血的藥膳,從體內幫助改善。

黃慧娟中醫師表示,以中醫理論來看,導致臉部斑點大量生成原因,依據患者體質大致可分為:肝火過旺、腎氣不足、氣血不合導致血瘀等3大類型,這3種類型不僅在生理上會出現其他症狀,反應在臉部,斑點所生成的位置也會大不相同。

因此,建議有斑點困擾的人,依照個人體質、斑點狀態、生長部位差異選擇適合的藥膳、食療方式,做好體內調整,才是根本的解決之道。以下為黃慧娟中醫師針對肝火過旺、腎氣不足、氣血不合血瘀3種體質所設計、推薦的藥膳料理:

【除斑依3大體質調理】

【體質1/肝火過旺】

此類型患者斑點形成位置多集中臉頰兩側,呈現淡棕色的、黑灰色網狀或片狀斑,常有左右臉對稱性分布的狀況,由於色近似於煮熟豬肝又被稱為肝斑、黃褐斑。導致其發生原因多與壓力、飲食失調有關,肝火過旺造成內分泌失調、月經不順等情況發生、黑色素沉澱有關。在中醫治療上,多以有助降肝火、疏肝理氣的藥材,例如:逍遙散等藥方輔助條理改善。

桑葚菊花茶,有助降肝火、疏肝解瘀,改善因肝火過旺引起的斑點問題。

桑葚菊花茶,有助降肝火、疏肝解瘀,改善因肝火過旺引起的斑點問題。

★桑葚菊花茶

材料:桑葚1錢、菊花5錢、枸杞1小把。

做法:

1.將上述藥材以熱水簡單沖洗,去除依附於表面的雜質。

2.取500c.c水量,將上述藥材放入滾水中熬煮。

3.待其滾沸後,熄火上鍋蓋悶2-3分鐘,溫飲即可。

效果:

桑葚,甘寒,益血而除熱,爲涼血補血益陰之藥;菊花,能疏散風熱、清熱解毒;枸杞,有助滋補肝腎,一同沖泡飲用,有助降肝火、疏肝解瘀。

【小提醒】:

不過,要注意的是,此款茶飲由於使用大量有疏風散熱、清熱解毒的菊花,對於本身腸胃較敏感、虛弱的人來說,不建議飲用,以免導致腹瀉等不適發生。

【體質2/腎氣不足】

使人體出現腎氣不足的原因,與人體自然老化脫不了關係。因此,這類型有斑點困擾的朋友,年紀大多落在40至50歲之間,且除了明顯斑點外,常會有頭暈、耳鳴、腰痠等不適症狀。在治療上,需從補足腎氣、延緩老化做起,例如:六味地黃丸就是常見的使用帖方。

★山藥玉竹湯

材料:新鮮山藥50公克、玉竹2錢、紅棗5-6顆、1隻大雞腿。

做法:

1.將雞腿洗淨後切小塊,以滾水汆燙去血水備用。

2.取一大鍋,放入上述藥材及處理好的雞腿肉,倒入1公升水量。

3.接著放入電鍋中,以外鍋2碗水的方式燉煮,待其開關跳起即可食用。

效果:

山藥,有助益氣養陰、補脾肺腎;玉竹,能養陰潤燥,生津止渴。紅棗,補中益氣、養血安神、緩和藥性。與雞腿燉煮為雞湯,有助滋陰補腎、養血安神。

【小提醒】:

一般來說,這道藥膳大多數人都可食用,由於此藥膳中含有雌激素含量豐富的山藥。因此,對於有乳癌、子宮頸癌等婦癌問題的患者,食用前最好能徵詢醫師意見,較為恰當。

【體質3/氣血不合、血瘀】

這類型的人大多是久坐缺乏運動的上班族,由於活動量少、血液循環差,導致容易有氣滯血瘀的情況發生,只要輕微碰撞皮膚就會出現瘀青。反應在臉部除了出現大量斑點外,往往伴隨著臉色青紫、暗沉、紫黑的情形。在治療上,多以有助活血、調理的桃紅四物湯來調理。

黃耆是中醫藥膳食補常見的藥材之一,有補氣升陽的效果。

黃耆是中醫藥膳食補常見的藥材之一,有補氣升陽的效果。

★黃耆當歸雞湯

材料:當歸1錢、黃耆5錢、1隻大雞腿。

做法:

1.將雞腿洗淨後切小塊,以滾水汆燙去血水備用。

2.取一大鍋,放入上述藥材及處理好的雞腿肉,倒入1公升水量。

3.接著放入電鍋中,以外鍋2碗水的方式燉煮,待其開關跳起即可食用。

效果:

當歸,能補血、活血、調經,對於改善氣滯血瘀等問題有不錯的作用;黃耆,補氣升陽,適度食用有助改善血液循環。

【小提醒】:

由於此道藥膳目的在活血、加強血液循環、改善氣滯血瘀的狀況。因此,月經來潮的女性朋友,或是平常經期來潮時,經血量較大的人,不建議使用。

【中醫師小叮嚀】:

黃慧娟中醫師提醒,想要有效解決斑點問題,除了透過食補、藥膳等方式外,做好防曬、維持良好的生活作息、優良的睡眠品質、減少精神壓力,並保持規律的運動習慣,才是改善臉部斑點產生的不二法則。

via 秋天除斑怎麼吃?3大體質是哪一種 | 20140925 | 華人健康網.

爆破脂肪動起來!7個有效燃脂運動

沒有時間上健身房運動燃燒脂肪嗎?沒有關係,其實隨時隨地都可以動一動,讓脂肪爆破!運動專家特別推荐7種有效降低卡路里的運動,只要每天進行30分鐘,甩掉卡路里可以從最高425大卡至170大卡不等,只要天天維持,即可擁有輕盈體態。

慢跑被歸類為心肺運動,可以說是最適合拿來甩油的選擇。

慢跑被歸類為心肺運動,可以說是最適合拿來甩油的選擇。

根據美國《HEALTH健康雜誌》報導,幫助美國女星包括潔西•艾卡巴芭,荷莉•貝瑞和安海瑟薇等,塑造完美體態的洛杉磯名人教練Ramona,特別推荐以下8種有效燃脂運動,有助於提升新陳代謝,只要每天花30分鐘鍛煉,就能獲得巨大的回報。

第1種/直排輪

★30分鐘燃燒425卡路里熱量

直排輪運動屬於典型的有氧運動,對於保持有氧運動的最佳強度很有效果,可以達到強化心血管和燃燒脂肪的效果。進行時不要忘了準備頭盔、護腕和護膝與護肘等防護用品,避免受傷。

第2種/慢跑

★30分鐘燃燒374卡路里熱量

慢跑為「時速低於9.7公里」的跑動,大約等於1公里跑6.2分鐘。慢跑被歸類為心肺運動,可以說是最適合拿來甩油的選擇。慢跑主要運動到大腿肌肉、臀部、核心肌群,這一些部位恰巧也是最大脂肪燃燒的肌肉。要充分利用每一個步幅,擺動手臂接近身體,不要前傾。

跳繩對心肺系統等各種臟器、協調性、姿態、減肥等,都有相當大的幫助。

跳繩對心肺系統等各種臟器、協調性、姿態、減肥等,都有相當大的幫助。

第3種/跳繩

★30分鐘燃燒340卡路里熱量

跳繩是一種非常有效的有氧運動,除了擁有運動的一般益處外,更有很多獨特的優點,對心肺系統等各種臟器、協調性、姿態、減肥等,都有相當大的幫助。簡單跳繩法準備動作:雙腳併攏,進行彈跳練習2至3分鐘,開始跳繩,注意手腕做弧形擺動。

第4種/搖呼啦圈

★30分鐘燃燒300卡路里熱量

美國第一夫人蜜雪兒歐巴馬、歌手碧昂絲、都曾公開表示會靠搖呼拉圈來保持身材。每天搖呼拉圈30分鐘,長期下來可以幫助雕塑腰部線條、達到燃燒熱量效果。搖呼啦圈方法是雙腳站立,與肩同寬,兩臂在身後呈3點和9點位置,握住呼啦圈,使之與身體保持30公分遠。吸氣挺胸,盡力夾緊肩胛骨,並順時針轉動呼啦圈。

每天搖呼拉圈30分鐘,長期下來可以幫助雕塑腰部線條、達到燃燒熱量效果。

每天搖呼拉圈30分鐘,長期下來可以幫助雕塑腰部線條、達到燃燒熱量效果。
打網球對於塑腰也很有好處。

打網球對於塑腰也很有好處。

第5種/網球

★30分鐘燃燒272卡路里熱量

打網球可以說是有氧運動,又稱減脂運動。不但輕鬆鍛練下半身,尤其是健美小腿,同時,打網球對於塑腰也很有好處。網球運動的整個過程中 , 無論是正手擊球、反手擊球,還是發球、上網截擊等,最基本的問題是如何掌握握拍的方法。要達到燃脂目的,盡量維持30分鐘,擊球達到50或100次。

第6種/跳舞

★30分鐘燃燒221卡路里熱量

一邊聽著活力四射的快節奏音樂,一面隨著律動舞蹈,可以達到卡路里燃燒效果,跳舞時呼吸會加速,增強肺活量,並加強心臟的儲備能力。氧會隨著血液流向身體各處,產生能量的同時,加快體內脂肪的代謝,起到減脂的效果。

第7種/快走

★30分鐘燃燒170卡路里熱量

快走是屬於有氧運動,能有效減少內臟、肝臟脂肪,進而降低心臟病、糖尿病等疾病風險,更有助燃燒脂肪雕塑身材的功效。快走的定義是指10分鐘內要走1公里,一次最好走半小時也就是3公里,入門者剛開始練習時,可採取快慢交替的方式入門,也就是第一週的半小時,以10分鐘快、10分鐘慢、10分鐘快的方式走,第二週開始再全程快走。

via 爆破脂肪動起來!7個有效燃脂運動 | 20140925 | 華人健康網.

Rise of HIV cases in Sabah women alarming

bigstock-HIV-Awareness-and-Prevention-C-488628561897286

Deputy Women, Family and Community Development Minister Datuk Azizah Mohd Dun says in the first six months of this year, Sabah recorded 40 HIV cases and 52 AIDS cases. — File pic

While men still make up the majority of new Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) cases, the number of women with positive status has shown an increase lately.
It was reported that women represented 9.5% of all new cases in 2000, 10.8% a decade ago and 19.1% six years ago.
In Sabah, 40 HIV cases involving women were reported in the first six months this year, which was 30% from the overall figure of 133 recorded within the period. The remainder were men.
Between January and June this year, the state also recorded 52 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) cases and 22 deaths due to the disease, said Deputy Women, Family and Community Development Minister Datuk Azizah Mohd Dun.
Of the figure, she said only two cases involved the Malays, 15 cases involved the Chinese, 17 cases involved foreigners and 99 cases involved other races.

Speaking at the 2014 HIV/AIDs and Women seminar here, she said the first HIV case detected in Malaysia was in 1986, and according to the Global AIDS Response Report Malaysia 2014, there were 101,672 cumulative HIV cases in the country as of December 2013.
A total of 16,340 deaths were also recorded during the same period whereas the number of HIV/AIDS cases involving women was 10,956.
There were also 1,076 HIV/AIDS cases involving children below 13 years old.
Azizah said the disease was spread through five modes — the sharing of needles for drug use with an infected person, sexual intercourse, an HIV positive mother, blood transfusion and organ transplant.
“A majority of the women got infected with HIV/AIDS due to heterosexual activities,” she said.
Azizah disclosed that of the 3,393 new detected HIV/AIDS cases nationwide last year, a total of 728 cases involved women.
“Initially, the HIV/AIDS epidemic was concentrated on men, but the trend is changing.
“The infection rate involving both genders was 9.6% in the year 2000, 4.5% in the year 2010 and 3.7% in the year 2013.”
Azizah said statistics from the Health Ministry showed that there were 1,676 HIV cases, 598 AIDS cases and 402 deaths due to the disease in the first half of this year.
Of the overall HIV cases, 1,337 cases involved males and the rest females.
The statistics also showed that nationwide, the number of cases involving Malays was the highest at 874 cases, followed by the Chinese with 323 cases, Indians at 117 cases, foreigners with 161 cases and other races with 199 cases.
On the impact of the disease, Azizah said that the National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS from 2011 to 2015 found that countries with an HIV/AIDS infection rate of 20% suffered from an average decline of 2.6% in their economic development.
“These countries also saw an increase in the cost of caring and treating of patients with HIV/AIDS,” she said, adding that they also saw a reduction in their supply of skilled workforce, a rise in their poverty rate as households lose productive breadwinners and a reduction in quality care prepared at hospitals, she said.
Women, she added, were also adversely impacted, which include being forced to bear the load when their husband became sick or died of HIV/AIDS, and faced the risk of being infected by their husband besides the risk of infecting their children with the disease.
“Additionally, they also have to endure the negative perception of the people and bear the brunt of isolation by the community.”
The government had drafted the National Strategic Plan in HIV and AIDS 2011-2015 to allow them to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic in a more systematic and effective way.
It outlined the comprehensive approach that would be taken by all parties to address the HIV/AIDS scourge in the country.
Among the initiatives taken by the government to counter the HIV/AIDS issue were to provide free medical treatment to people infected with the disease; channel allocations to non-governmental organisations to address the issue; conduct Harm Reduction Programmes; provide counseling and voluntary screening to detect sufferers and the provision of anti-retroviral drugs to them.
Read more: http://www.therakyatpost.com/news/2014/09/25/rise-hiv-cases-sabah-women-alarming/#ixzz3EKK5mpmD

via Rise of HIV cases in Sabah women alarming – The Rakyat Post – The Rakyat Post.

Dengue outbreaks in South China, Malaysia elsewhere in Asia

Guangdong province in southern China have experienced a dengue fever outbreak this summer, with thecapital of Guangzhou accounting for the bulk of cases, according to a Xinhua report Tuesday.

Image/CIA

The provincial health agency says since May, Guangdong has seen 6,089 dengue fevercases. More than 5,000 cases have been reported from Guangzhou, while the remainder of cases were seen in the cities of Foshan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhuhai.

The outbreak is being blamed both on increasing number of imported cases and a rainy season that has contributed to a five-times increase in themosquito population.

Elsewhere in Asia, Malaysia, which recorded  17,275 cases in 2013, has seen 70,337 cases to date, representing a dramatic increase in 2014.

Singapore has seen a heavy dengue season for the second year in a row reporting 15,206 cases and 3 deaths so far in 2014.

The number of dengue fever cases in Taiwan has tripled 2013 number (860), as the island nation has reported 2,589 cases as of Monday.

Thailand and the Philippines have seen dengue cases in the tens of thousands this year; however, the numbers in these two countries are significantly lower than last year. For more infectious disease news and information, visit and “like” the Infectious Disease News Facebook page

Dengue fever is an infectious disease carried by mosquitoes and caused by any of four related dengue viruses. This disease used to be called “break-bone fever” because it sometimes causes severe joint and muscle pain that feels like bones are breaking.

People get the dengue virus from the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. It is not contagious from person to person.

There are three types of dengue fever in order of less severe to most: the typical uncomplicated denguefever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHS) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Looking for a job in health care? Check here to see what’s available

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates there may be 50–100 million dengue infections worldwide every year. However, new research from the University of Oxford and the Wellcome Trust, using cartographic approaches, estimate there to be 390 million dengue infections per year worldwide.

via Dengue outbreaks in South China, Malaysia elsewhere in Asia | Outbreak News Today.

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