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Archive for June, 2014

女性沒「髮」度!恐是缺鐵釀禍

台灣約有1 成女性有掉髮的困擾,其中3成和疾病有關。

台灣約有1 成女性有掉髮的困擾,其中3成和疾病有關。

 

掉髮是許多女性心中永遠的痛,醫師指出,台灣約有1 成女性有掉髮的困擾,其中3成和疾病有關,平日若是突然大量掉髮,也就是1天掉髮超過100 根,可能是身體發出健康警訊,包括免疫系統、甲狀腺及頭癬等疾病,所以不可輕忽。另外,飲食不均衡,也可能是掉髮的元兇。

成大醫院皮膚部主治醫師楊朝鈞指出,門診曾收治1位35歲女性,6個月前開始注意到落髮量增加,最近3個月覺得整體髮量開始減少,問診之後發現病人肉類食物攝取不多,生理期出血量有時較多。

缺鐵掉髮 應對症治療

之後抽血發現體內含鐵量缺乏,診斷是休止期落髮症,身體缺鐵所引起,給病人補充鐵劑,請她多攝取含鐵量多的食物如肉類,病人掉髮情形於3個月後停止,整體髮量於1年後幾乎完全恢復。

臨床觀察,大部分的掉髮其實與全身疾病並不相關。以最常見的雄性禿為例,大約40%的男性及10%的女性有此疾病,但是其原因是基因遺傳,加上頭皮局部雄性荷爾蒙活性較旺盛,絕大部分患者並無其他全身性異常。

要預防掉髮,應避免整髮過度,洗髮時輕揉而非力扯。(圖片/華人健康網資料照片)

要預防掉髮,應避免整髮過度,洗髮時輕揉而非力扯。(圖片/華人健康網資料照片)

 

異常落髮 健康出現警訊

常見與掉髮相關的全身性問題包括:甲狀腺疾病、營養缺乏(缺蛋白質、缺鐵、缺鋅等)、自體免疫疾病 (如紅斑性狼瘡)、感染 (如梅毒)、雄性荷爾蒙異常 (如腎上腺、卵巢腫瘤)、藥物引起(如抗凝血劑、維他命A酸)等,這些問題需要詳細詢問病史,並加上抽血檢查來診斷。

【常見掉髮4原因】:

1.日常生活壓力:生活節奏的加快和競爭的激烈,易使人背負日益沉重的壓力。據研究,壓力與脫髮有密切關係,還會加速人的衰老,使皺紋增加。

2.節食缺乏營養:節食使頭髮缺乏充足的營養補給,女生營養不良的情況比男性更多,一過度減肥,只吃蔬菜水果,這種情況極易缺乏蛋白質,頭髮如缺少鐵的攝入,便會枯黃無澤。

3.綁髮過緊影響:綁過緊的馬尾辮、羊角辮和麻花辮,以及將頭髮束得緊緊的捲曲帶,長久都會損害髮根造成脫髮。

4.染燙頭髮損傷:臨床上可見到頭髮的斷裂及受損,常見的原因為過度頻繁的染燙、不良化學藥劑的使用、綁頭髮時過度拉扯、高熱、拔毛癖、安全帽或帽子的過度摩擦等。

【異常落髮 4項指標】

1.掉髮總數量:每天不超過100根。

2.輕輕拉頭髮測試:每次不超過2根,注意頭皮端有無圓球。

3.頭皮看的見,頭髮分線變寬。

4.頭髮變細。

【醫師小叮嚀】:

要預防掉髮,應避免整髮過度,洗髮時輕揉而非力扯,用溫水洗頭且不要在濕髮時梳頭,暫時不綁頭髮;如果有異常落髮情形,應求助皮膚科醫師做正確的診斷找出病因,治療通常需要耐心,以達到有效控制或治癒的效果。

via 女性沒「髮」度!恐是缺鐵釀禍 | 20140626 | 華人健康網.

邊吃邊瘦!13種必吃燃脂食物

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國外研究發現13種燃脂食物,幫助克制不了食慾的人輕鬆瘦身。

 
不少人擔心吃進過多含有澱粉的根莖類食物,如馬鈴薯、地瓜等,可能會發胖。但是,美國最新研究顯示,馬鈴薯中的大蒜素與地瓜中的類胡蘿蔔素能幫助抑制脂肪囤積。而其他意想不到能幫助消脂的食物還包括紅酒與雞湯。

美國健康雜誌根據知名大學的研究與科學期刊報告,整理出13種幫助燃脂的食物與食材,讓你想減重不用餓肚子,輕輕鬆鬆邊吃邊瘦。

烤馬鈴薯

馬鈴薯並不是有名的減肥聖品,但其實它們富有各種營養素。這種白色作物含有大蒜素(蒜頭及洋蔥裡也有),能對抗疾病以及幫助減肥。

 

地瓜含有豐富的類胡蘿蔔素與纖維,能減緩消化速度且防止血糖飆高。

地瓜含有豐富的類胡蘿蔔素與纖維,能減緩消化速度且防止血糖飆高。

 

地瓜

地瓜含有類胡蘿蔔素,能防止腹部的脂肪囤積,地瓜豐富的類胡蘿蔔素與綠原酸,能減緩身體對於葡萄糖與胰島素的釋放。此外,地瓜也含有豐富的纖維,能減緩消化速度且防止血糖飆高。

南瓜

根據美國農業部的資料,每杯南瓜含有3克的纖維,並僅有46大卡的熱量。南瓜也是抗氧化物質β-胡蘿蔔素的絕佳來源,能克制氧化壓力以及脂肪囤積。

紅蘿蔔富含水份與纖維質;此外,美國研究發現,以104度烘烤的紅蘿蔔比生的紅蘿蔔多了三倍的抗氧化物。

紅蘿蔔富含水份與纖維質;此外,美國研究發現,以104度烘烤的紅蘿蔔比生的紅蘿蔔多了三倍的抗氧化物。

 

烤紅蘿蔔

紅蘿蔔裡大量的水份與纖維含量提供飽足感。美國阿肯色大學的研究發現,以104度烘烤的紅蘿蔔比生的紅蘿蔔多了3倍的抗氧化物。

羽衣甘藍

一份羽衣甘藍只有46大卡的熱量,卻含有超過一天所需的維生素A與K,能幫助增強抵抗力與新陳代謝。一杯的羽衣甘藍裡含有7.6克的纖維;美國農業部的報告指出,在飲食中補充大量纖維質能減少身體吸收碳水化合物裡的熱量。

燕麥片

一杯燕麥片含有4克的纖維與6克的蛋白質,兩種可以減少碳水化合物吸收、減緩胰島素釋放,並維持飽足感的營養素。根據一份收錄在歐洲臨床營養學雜誌裡的報告顯示,在38種常見的食物當中,燕麥片的飽足感是第3名。盡量選擇加工較少的鋼切燕麥片;這種燕麥片有較低的升糖指數,進食後血糖上升的速度較慢。

鷹嘴豆

半杯的鷹嘴豆就能滿足一天百分之40的蛋白質以及百分之70的纖維需求,也能幫助穩定血糖、克制食欲,並藉此防止過量飲食。其內的不飽合脂肪更能幫助減少腹部肥肉。澳洲紐卡斯爾大學2009年提出的研究顯示,攝取最多不飽和脂肪的人,相較於攝取最少的人,有較低的身體質量指數,腹部囤積的脂肪也較少。

墨西哥辣味牛肉醬

番茄的纖維與豆類和牛肉的蛋白質,能幫助避免過量飲食。辣椒裡的唐辛子更能幫助燃脂。辣肉醬裡的香料能刺激自律神經系統,增加卡路里燃燒達50大卡。

美式燉牛肉

吃了燉肉之後,身體必須分解蛋白質,將之轉換成能量,在分解的同時身體也會消耗熱量。蛋白質在胃裡消化的時間比較久,飽足感也可以維持地較久。根據一份在營養與新陳代謝期刊的報告,把餐裡所含的蛋白質增加到30%之後,平均每天能減少攝取450大卡的熱量;光靠提升蛋白質攝取,12周就可能瘦近5公斤!

紅酒

德國烏爾姆大學2009年研究發現,葡萄皮裡的抗氧化物能抑制脂肪細胞的形成。此外,紅酒裡的丙酮酸鈣能幫助脂肪細胞燃燒更多能量。美國內科醫學文獻中的報告更指出,每天喝一兩杯紅酒的女性增重的機率,比不喝酒的女性還低百分之30。喝點紅酒吧!但是切記,每天只限一杯,因為每6盎司的紅酒就有150大卡!

熱巧克力

巧克力富含抗氧化物,能減少壓力荷爾蒙,而壓力荷爾蒙就是囤積脂肪的元兇。美國康乃爾大學的研究發現,熱巧克力裡的抗氧化物濃度是紅茶裡的5倍。此外,一份刊登在國外期刊的研究報告指出,熱巧克力裡的碳水化合物與蛋白質,有助肌肉在劇烈運動後恢復體力。再加點肉桂,不只增添風味,也能幫助降低血糖,減少脂肪囤積。

 

咖啡中的抗氧化綠原酸能促進新陳代謝,能抑制體重增加。

咖啡中的抗氧化綠原酸促進新陳代謝,能抑制體重增加。

 

咖啡

咖啡中的抗氧化綠原酸能促進新陳代謝,並幫助身體分解脂肪。抗氧化綠原酸也可減緩餐後葡萄糖進入血液的速度並減少胰島素抗阻性,能抑制體重增加。數個研究結果也顯示,運動前攝取少量的咖啡因能提升運動效能並幫助體力快速恢復。

雞湯

餐前喝碗湯能減少整體卡路里的攝取,湯裡的水份提供飽足感,喝湯也能減緩進食速度,讓飽足的訊息傳回大腦。一份賓州州立大學的研究發現在,主餐前先喝湯的人們平均少攝取百分之20的熱量。此外,雞湯裡的蛋白質、維生素和纖維質也能幫助你在餐後加速新陳代謝。

值得注意的是,雖然這些食物都富含有益減重的營養素,多吃還是會有反效果的,建議大家適量、均衡飲食。

via 邊吃邊瘦!13種必吃燃脂食物 | 20140626 | 華人健康網.

遠離肥胖!起床90分鐘內快吃早餐

美國馬薩諸塞州大學的研究指出,起床過後90分鐘才吃早餐的男性,肥胖的機率高了百分之50。

美國馬薩諸塞州大學的研究指出,起床過後90分鐘才吃早餐的男性,肥胖的機率高了百分之50。

 

你是早上匆匆忙忙起床,甚至連早餐都來不及吃,就急著趕去上班的上班族嗎?小心,拖延吃早餐的時間,可能是導致容易發胖的兇手。根據美國一項最新研究報告顯示,錯過吃早餐的黃金時間,也就是起床後的90分鐘內如果沒有吃完早餐,發胖機率將大增。

根據美國《男性健康雜誌》一篇報導美國馬薩諸塞州大學的研究指出,起床後隔了很久的時間才吃早餐的男性,比起床後90分鐘內就吃完早餐的男性,肥胖的機率高了50%。美國疾病管制局則表示,肥胖是導致多種慢性疾病的主因,包括心血管疾病、糖尿病等,為了健康著想,必需加以控制體重。

不吃早餐 容易罹患心臟病

除了吃早餐要把握黃金時間之外,男性如果輕忽早餐的重要性,可能也會令人傷「心」。根據哈佛大學公共衛生學院營養學系的一支研究團隊所發表的一份長達 16 年的研究報告,指出不吃早餐的男性有較高的機率罹患心臟病或是死於冠狀動脈疾病。因此,男性每天再怎麼忙碌,都應該記得要吃早餐。

為了在早上快速填飽肚子,又不必擔心發胖,美國《讀者文摘》也提供了幾道簡單又省時的早餐食譜,能讓人擁有一天活力的來源。

高纖玉米穀片加鮮奶,搭配一顆蘋果,就是高纖好吃的早餐。

高纖玉米穀片加鮮奶,搭配一顆蘋果,就是高纖好吃的早餐。

 

【簡易早餐食譜】:

高纖鮮奶穀片

1/2杯高纖玉米穀片加鮮奶,搭配一顆蘋果、1/2杯藍莓或是兩片全穀黑麥麵包,就是高纖好吃的早餐。纖維質幫助維持飽足感,又不增添多餘的熱量。

健康水果冰沙

一杯新鮮草莓和一根香蕉,加入少許冰塊以果汁機打成冰沙,就成了一杯能帶著走、又充滿抗氧化物的早餐。如果再加入一杯原味優格,就能補充鈣質攝取了。

鮪魚全麥三明治

在兩片全麥吐司中間夾入兩匙拌過低脂美乃滋的水煮鮪魚,同時補充Omega-3脂肪酸以及能給你滿滿能量的蛋白質,也可以用罐頭鮭魚或煙燻鮭魚替換鮪魚。

【健康小叮嚀】:

除了要在黃金時間內吃完早餐,早餐的質跟量也很重要。男性不要誤以為需要的熱量比女生高,早餐就可以攝取許多高油脂食物,結果可能脂肪容易破表,熱量也會跟著往上飆升。建議可以蔬果取代肉片或火腿,提升纖維素和維生素的攝取,這樣才能吃的健康無負擔。

via 遠離肥胖!起床90分鐘內快吃早餐 | 20140626 | 華人健康網.

Shoura calls on MoH to check infectious diseases

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CONSULTATIONS: Acting Health Minister Adel Fakeih holds talks with Shoura Vice President Mohammed Al-Jifry in Riyadh on Wednesday. SPA

 

The Shoura Council on Wednesday met with acting Health Minister Adel Fakeih and other ministry officials to discuss the Kingdom’s preparedness to confront infectious diseases, such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and the Rift Valley Fever during the peak Umrah pilgrimage season in Ramadan.
“We would like to ascertain the ministry’s ability to deal with new infectious diseases, especially during the Haj and Umrah seasons,” said a member of the Shoura’s Health Affairs Committee. MERS has so far claimed 292 lives in the Kingdom.
The Shoura members also asked the minister about the construction status of five medical cities ordered by Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah at a cost of SR16 billion and the time frame for their implementation.
The committee also asked the minister about the performance of the Kingdom’s health cadre and ministry’s efforts to implement the family health care program and whether it has enough manpower to carry out the program. It advised the ministry to make use of Saudi medical graduates in different regions to improve health services across the country.
Shoura Vice President Mohammed Al-Jifry emphasized the importance of holding meetings with ministers and other government officials while discussing the annual performance of various government departments. “This will reflect on the quality of the Shoura’s decisions and recommendations,” he said.
Fakeih stressed the Health Ministry’s desire to establish continuous contact with the Shoura, especially the health committee, to benefit from their expertise in improving health services in the country. He also answered various queries from committee members on the ministry and its services.

via Shoura calls on MoH to check infectious diseases | Arab News — Saudi Arabia News, Middle East News, Opinion, Economy and more..

Community hospitals gear up for haze season

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Kwong Wai Shiu Hospital

SINGAPORE: At least two community hospitals in Singapore are gearing up for the hot and hazy weather ahead, and top on their minds is their patients’ health and comfort.

Kwong Wai Shiu hospital installed a customised ventilation system late last year. Since the hot weather season started, the system has lowered temperatures in this ward.

Another community hospital, Bright Vision, has started using half of the 60 portable air-conditioners it bought last year.

Hardware aside, hospital directors say if severe haze conditions hit, they may have to tweak patients’ treatment too. Many of their patients require occupational and physiotherapy, which can be demanding for the elderly.

“If the air quality drops, we will have to scale back the intensity of the treatment,” said Professor Lee Kheng Hock, Medical Director of Bright Vision Hospital. “Unfortunately, this would mean that we have to prolong their stay in hospital so they can have more time to recuperate and reach the level of function that we aim for. This, in turn, would lead to a delay in discharge which would be very unfortunate because we are trying our best to bring them back safely to their home as soon as possible.”

via Community hospitals gear up for haze season – Channel NewsAsia.

Dengue cases on the rise as weather heats up

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File photo of NEA officers conducting checks in dengue clusters. (Photo: TODAY)

A total of 556 cases were reported in the week ending June 21, up from 506 the previous week, the National Environment Agency NEA says.

SINGAPORE: The number of dengue cases in Singapore each week has continued to climb as the weather heats up, speeding up mosquito breeding.

A total of 556 cases were reported in the week ending June 21, up from 506 the previous week and more than double the 261 cases reported in the first week of last month, latest figures on the National Environment Agency (NEA) website showed.

Parts of Hougang and Serangoon that had been flagged as areas of concern by the NEA last week – more than 600 dengue cases have been reported in 17 clusters in those areas to date – continue to be hot spots.

For example, one cluster bordered by Upper Serangoon Road and Lorong Ah Soo had 161 reported cases as of Tuesday (June 24). Homes accounted for 13 out of the 17 breeding habitats spotted by officials in a recent inspection of the area. One unused cement mixer was found to contain 200 mosquito larvae, while a concrete roof gutter in a public area was found with 999 larvae.

The Flora Drive cluster in Tampines had the second-highest number of cases at 147. Twelve breeding sites were found in homes and nine in construction sites.

While last week’s tally falls short of the 842 reported in the corresponding period last year, the NEA has warned that the warmer weather – from this month to October – generally marks the peak season for dengue.

Shortened breeding and maturation cycles for the Aedes mosquitoes that transmit the disease, along with shorter incubation periods for the dengue virus, lead to a higher rate of transmission. Moreover, the predominant strain is the less common dengue serotype 1 (DEN-1) virus, which the community has lower immunity against.

The NEA said the number of cases is expected to rise through the next two or three months unless the mosquito population is brought under control.

More officers will be deployed in the problem areas of Serangoon and Hougang as well as Flora Drive to search and destroy breeding sites. Drains will also be cleaned more frequently.

via Dengue cases on the rise as weather heats up – Channel NewsAsia.

Indonesia warns haze could reach S’pore, Malaysia as fires spike

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KUALA LUMPUR — A spike in forest fires in Riau province sparked a warning yesterday from Indonesia’s disaster agency that haze could spread to Singapore and Malaysia.

The agency tallied a rise in hot spots from 97 to 366 in the province over a one-day period, AFP reported.

“The likelihood of the smog reaching Singapore and Malaysia is getting higher,” Mr Sutopo Nugroho, a spokesman at the agency, was quoted by AFP as saying.

Earlier yesterday, Malaysia urged Indonesia to put out and prevent further land and forest fires in Central Sumatra that have been responsible for cross-border haze, the Malaysian media reported.

Malaysia’s Natural Resources and Environment Minister G Palanivel said the Department of Environment’s director-general, Madam Halimah Hassan, had written to her counterpart in Indonesia.

“The letter was to express Malaysia’s concern about the increase in the number of hot spots causing the haze in the peninsula since June 22,” he was quoted as saying in a statement on Tuesday. He said the Singapore-based ASEAN Specialised Meteorological Centre (ASMC) had reported that the number of hot spots in Sumatra rose from 129 on Monday to 143 on Tuesday.

Meanwhile, 25 hot spots in Malaysia have been identified, with nearly half of them in Pahang. Other states such as Johor, Sarawak, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Selangor, Perak and Penang also reported hot spots.

“The hot spots will be investigated and appropriate action will be taken by the relevant authorities,” Mr Palanivel said.

As of 9am yesterday, unhealthy Air Pollution Index readings were recorded in towns and areas such as Putrajaya, Banting, Port Klang, Shah Alam, Cheras, Nilai, Petaling Jaya and Batu Muda.

Mr Palanivel said the air pollution was influenced by cross-border haze blown by the south-west monsoon and is likely to remain until September. He added that National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration satellite images issued by the ASMC on Tuesday had shown moderate haze drifting from areas in Riau in Central Sumatra towards the central region and south-western coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

To prepare for the haze this year, Indonesia has set aside US$30 million (S$37.5 million) and put 2,500 military personnel on standby, with 15 planes and helicopters helping with aerial firefighting, monitoring and cloud-seeding efforts, Mr Nugroho had previously told Reuters. AGENCIES

via Indonesia warns haze could reach S’pore, Malaysia as fires spike | TODAYonline.

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