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Archive for September 10, 2013

Bourbon-Glazed Chicken Drumettes with Blue Cheese Dipping Sauce

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INGREDIENTS

2 tablespoons (1/4 stick) butter

1 cup chopped onion

3 garlic cloves, peeled, thinly sliced

1 cup bourbon, divided

1 cup ketchup

1/2 cup hot pepper sauce (such as Crystal)

1/4 cup tomato paste

3 tablespoons (packed) golden brown sugar

30 chicken drumettes (about 4 pounds)

Blue Cheese Dipping Sauce (see recipe)

PREPARATION

 

  • Melt butter in heavy large saucepan over medium-high heat. Add onion and garlic; sauté until golden, about 5 minutes. Add 3/4 cup bourbon; boil until most of liquid is absorbed, 6 to 8 minutes. Whisk in 1/4 cup bourbon, ketchup, hot pepper sauce, tomato paste, and brown sugar. Bring to boil. Reduce heat and simmer until sauce thickens slightly, stirring occasionally, about 10 minutes. Season marinade with salt and pepper. Remove marinade from heat; cool to room temperature.
  • Place chicken drumettes in 15x10x2-inch glass baking dish. Pour marinade over and turn drumettes to coat. Cover and refrigerate overnight.
  • Preheat oven to 375°F. Line baking sheet with foil or parchment paper. Place cooling rack atop prepared baking sheet. Arrange drumettes on rack, spacing slightly apart. Spread any remaining marinade from dish over drumettes. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Bake drumettes (still on cooling rack) until cooked through and brown in spots, about 45 minutes. Transfer drumettes to serving platter. Serve Blue Cheese Dipping Sauce alongside.

via Bourbon-Glazed Chicken Drumettes with Blue Cheese Dipping Sauce – Bon Appétit.

Blind people ‘hit by social care crisis’

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The support blind people get in learning how to use a cane is being cut, campaigners say

 

The number of blind people getting help from councils has dropped by over 40% in England in six years, data shows.

The analysis by the Royal National Institute of Blind People – based on official figures – found just under 32,000 got support last year – down from nearly 56,000 in 2005-6.

It warned that if current trends continued, no-one would be getting support from councils within a decade.

The charity said the situation was “wholly unacceptable”.

People with sight problems may need help with activities such as cooking and shopping.

Those who are newly diagnosed may also be entitled to rehabilitation support, which can include help learning to use aids, like canes.

‘Toughest time’

The data included people of all ages and once again illustrates the problems councils are encountering in providing means-tested social care.

Much of the attention on the issue has been associated with the struggle elderly people are facing in getting support.

But the RNIB said its research showed others were affected too.

Chief executive Lesley-Anne Alexander said: “Not only does sight loss have a massive emotional impact, but it also means having to re-learn almost every aspect of your life.

“Being left alone to cope with sight loss is wholly unacceptable. No matter how tight the budgets of government are, this is essential support which must be provided. The government needs to act now.”

A spokesman for the Local Government Association said: “Councils would love to be able to provide the same level of support they did in 2005 but a 43% cut to local government funding means that simply is not possible.

“Councils are having to take incredibly difficult decisions on how they prioritise their budgets and unfortunately a tightening of eligibility criteria has been unavoidable across all care services, including those for the visually impaired.

“Councils continue to provide on-going support to the people who would have the toughest time coping without help.”

Care and Support Minister Norman Lamb said: “We recognise the pressures on local councils to deliver these services and that is why we have allocated them with additional funding for adult social care over the next two years, which will provide an extra £100m in 2013/14, and £200m in 2014/15. This is on top of the £3.8bn pooled health and social care budget we have set up to help make sure everyone gets properly joined up health and care services from whoever is best placed to deliver it – whether that’s the NHS or the local authority.”

via BBC News – Blind people ‘hit by social care crisis’.

Worcester Royal hospital investigates ‘wrong gas’ death

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Worcester Royal NHS Trust said results of the investigation would be published at a later date

 

A patient has died after being given what was thought to be the wrong gas during an operation at the Worcestershire Royal Hospital.

The hospital trust said it had started an investigation and it was not yet known if the alleged error had resulted directly in the patient’s death.

It said it could not release detailed information about the incident while the investigation was ongoing.

Details of the death have been passed to the Worcestershire coroner, it said.

Chief medical officer Mark Wake said the trust was “reflecting on all the circumstances and evidence available”.

He said results of any investigation into the so-called never event would be given to the family and published externally at a later date.

He said: “In the rare and regrettable instances where they [never events] do occur, an investigation is immediately undertaken to find the root causes, develop solutions for and then implement them where the incident occurred and more widely if required.

“This helps to reduce the likelihood of a similar incident re-occurring.”

Incidents that are categorised as never events by the Department of Health are those which are so serious they should never happen.

via BBC News – Worcester Royal hospital investigates ‘wrong gas’ death.

New bird flu ‘has unique traits’

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The new H7N9 bird flu has killed 44 people

 

The new flu which has emerged in China has unique traits, say scientists.

It is able to infect both the nose, giving it the potential to spread easily, and penetrate deep in the lungs where it causes pneumonia.

The authors of the American Journal of Pathology say the twin attack has not been detected in previous bird flus.

Meanwhile, a separate study has taken the early steps towards a vaccine for another emerging virus, Mers-coronavirus.

There have been 135 people infected with avian influenza A(H7N9) and 44 deaths since the outbreak started in Spring.

However, restrictions on live poultry markets have largely curbed the number of infections.

The study, by the Erasmus University Medical Centre in The Netherlands, looked at what parts of the body the virus could bind to and infect.

Infections like the common cold spread easily as they infect the upper respiratory tract, the nose and throat, so sneezing releases a lot of viruses into the air.

Other more deadly infections, such as the H5N1 bird flu, infect the lower respiratory tract deep in the lung where they can cause deadly pneumonia.

One of the researchers Prof Thijs Kuiken told the BBC the new bird flu could do both: “This has not been shown for this virus before.

“The study points to the fact that the virus has the potential to transmit easily in people and give pneumonia.”

Mers

A separate infection called Mers-coronavirus, which is centred on Saudi Arabia, has infected 114 people and killed 54 deaths.

Researchers at the University of Madrid have created a mutated version of the virus, which could be the first steps towards creating a vaccine.

Their study in the journal, mBio, shows the modified virus can infect cells but struggles to spread round the body.

Prof Ian Jones, a virologist at the University of Reading, said: “These papers address the challenging question of what we can do about potentially emerging viruses.

“The Mers results produce a candidate vaccine that, while not currently required, could be a future therapy while the H7 influenza paper demonstrates the ability of the recent China strains to infect man, essentially a heads up for what to look for when assessing risk.

“They neatly cover both surveillance and prevention approaches to being one-step ahead of the virus.”

via BBC News – New bird flu ‘has unique traits’.

Baby weaning foods found ‘lacking’

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Babies should be weaned from six months, say UK guidelines

Baby foods sold in the UK fail to meet infants’ dietary weaning needs, claim researchers.

The Glasgow team tested 479 shop-bought products from leading manufacturers, including Heinz, Cow & Gate and Boots, and found few were ideal for the job.

Most contained fewer nutrients than homemade food, and only as much as the breast milk they were supplementing.

And their sweet taste may steer the infant palate towards unhealthy choices, the researchers fear.


It’s processed food that’s been put in a jar so it’s not that surprising that it does not match up with home-cooked foods”

Dr Charlotte WrightLead Researcher

Babies have an innate preference for sweet foods, which might explain why sweet ingredients feature so prominently in commercial products, said Dr Charlotte Wright and her team in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

The researchers looked at products made by Cow & Gate, Heinz, Boots, Hipp Organic, Ella’s Kitchen and Organix.

Half the products tested by the University of Glasgow’s School of Medicine researchers were classified as sweet, and the majority were ‘spoonable’ foods in jars or sachets.

Most of the sweet foods were sweetened with fruit sugars rather than added sugar.

Weaning guidelines recommend offering sweet foods only “occasionally or not at all” to set good habits.

“Sugar can encourage a sweet tooth and lead to tooth decay,” the guidelines warn.

The aim of weaning is to introduce babies to a wider range of tastes, textures, and flavours, to encourage them to accept different foods, and to boost their energy and nutrient intake as they make the transition from breast milk.

Sweet tooth

UK experts say weaning should not be started before six months, in line with recommendations for exclusive breastfeeding until that time.

Dr Wright and her team found that many weaning products sold in the UK are promoted for infants from the age of four months.

And the majority are no more energy-dense than breast or formula milk.


We recognise that some parents choose to wean their baby before six months of age, which is why some baby foods provide information that those foods can be given ‘from four months’ on their labels”

The British Specialist Nutrition Association

Commercial rusks and biscuits were much more energy-dense and contained high amounts of iron and calcium, but also tended to be high in sugar, the researchers found.

The savoury “spoonable” commercial foods generally had much lower nutrient density than home-blended dinners, with the exception of iron content.

Babies would need to eat twice as much shop-bought food to get the same energy and protein as meals cooked at home, according to the research.

Dr Wright said that while it was understandable that parents may choose to use commercial foods they should be aware of what is in them.

“People might think that something sweetened with fruit is healthier, but it’s not. Young babies like sweet food because it tastes like breast milk but it is not moving them on.

“It’s processed food that’s been put in a jar so it’s not that surprising that it does not match up with home-cooked foods.”

Conflicting messages

The British Specialist Nutrition Association, which represents baby food manufacturers in the UK, said: “Baby foods are carefully prepared to ensure they provide the right balance of nutrients in appropriate amounts for infants and young children.

“Levels of protein, carbohydrate (including sugars), fat, vitamins and minerals in baby foods are strictly regulated by legislation which is based on advice from European scientific experts.

“Our member companies comply with the legislation as an absolute minimum.

“We recommend that commercial baby foods are used as part of a mixed diet which includes homemade foods plus breast milk or formula, which remain the most important source of nutrition for infants under 12 months.”

A spokeswoman said that in Europe, experts advise that a baby is ready to be weaned at around four to six months.

“We recognise that some parents choose to wean their baby before six months of age, which is why some baby foods provide information that those foods can be given ‘from four months’ on their labels.

“We recommend that parents seek advice from a healthcare professional when thinking of starting weaning,” she said.

Elizabeth Duff, of the National Childbirth Trust, said: “Many parents find that jars of baby food can be quick and convenient when you are out and about, but this new research shows that parents are potentially being misled about the health benefits.

“It is time baby food manufacturers stopped confusing parents by labelling their products as suitable from four months.”

Heinz said generations of parents had trusted its food, while Cow & Gate said their foods complied with strict legal standards. Boots said their range offered a safe and nutritionally appropriate choice, and Organix said its foods were “complementary” to breastfeeding. Ella’s Kitchen said its products were aimed to encourage young children to have a better relationship with food so that they grow up with healthy eating habits.

Nobody was available for comment from Hipp Organic.

via BBC News – Baby weaning foods found ‘lacking’.

增強孩子記憶力 早餐吃優質蛋白質

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家長自己準備營養均衡的早餐,可幫孩子補充所需的營養和活力,提升學習專注力和記憶力。

 

吃錯早餐,小心專注力不集中,影響學習效果!學校開學已經一個多星期,許多孩子仍頂著惺忪雙眼和恍然的眼神上學去,讓家長擔心上課打瞌睡,學業成績不理想,營養師認為早餐與學習力和記憶力有很大的關係,提醒家長替孩子準備活力早餐時,應多攝取優質蛋白質的食物。

早餐亂亂吃 妨礙學童智力發展

現代上班族生活步調緊湊匆忙,無暇好好準備餐點,三餐老是在外,不少孩子為配合家長的作息,早餐只能在便利商店抓個麵包、蛋糕、飲料就匆匆結束一餐,或是到連鎖早餐店任意購買個漢堡、三明治果腹,但這些食物的高油、高鹽、高糖含量,都可能妨礙孩子的智力發展,影響學習。

童綜合醫院營養師何姿儀表示,國外《歐洲流行病學雜誌》發表的一篇研究報告提到,兒童在2歲前有哺餵母乳,並吃家庭自己製備的料理和豆類、水果等生鮮食物,智商較高;但2歲前吃愈多零食、飲料、醬料等高油糖鹽類食物的兒童,則智商愈低。

國內的國民營養調查也顯示,國小學童多攝取營養密度高的食物,學習力可提升3至5倍;而跟飲食健康的學童做對照,喜歡高油糖鹽食物,或是不喜歡蔬果、奶類等營養性食品的國小學童,學習不良現象約高出1.8倍;如果兩種狀況都有的學童,學習專注力不足的情況更高出約2.8至4.8倍。

學童的人生起跑點從每日的早餐開始,應多攝取牛奶、雞蛋等含優質蛋白質的食材。

學童的人生起跑點從每日的早餐開始,應多攝取牛奶、雞蛋等含優質蛋白質的食材。

 

孩子頭好壯壯 早餐優先補充蛋白質

早餐不只是一天活力的來源,也是讓孩子「頭好壯壯」的根本。何姿儀營養師表示,全穀根莖類、豆魚肉蛋類、低脂乳品類、蔬菜和水果,皆是選擇食物的指標,若從當中延伸早餐種類,建議可選擇全麥吐司、全麥饅頭、雞蛋、鮪魚、低脂牛奶及豆漿等營養價值較高的食物。

各類營養素中,可優先補充優質蛋白質,其中的酪胺酸可促進身體分泌多巴胺和正腎上腺素,幫助注意力集中,讓思緒清晰,提升學習效果。而適度吃些鮪魚和堅果,可補充omega-3不飽和脂肪酸,促進腦部細胞正常運作。

此外,早餐應搭配適量新鮮蔬果,補充人體所需的維生素、礦物質和膳食纖維,維持正常的生化機能,讓提升學習專注力的效果加倍;但需避免攝取過於精緻化、油膩、高熱量和重口味的食物,以防造成熱量堆積、肥胖等副作用。

★ 西式早餐建議

  • 健康起司培果餐:取一全麥培果,橫向剖開後,夾入起司、生菜、蕃茄片,搭配1杯低脂牛奶和1顆奇異果。-
  • 聰明鮪魚吐司餐:取2片全麥吐司,夾入鮪魚、生菜和番茄片,搭配1小杯原味優酪乳和1小顆蘋果。

中式早餐建議

  • 蘿蔔糕套餐:2片蘿蔔糕加蛋、1杯無糖豆漿、1小盒生菜沙拉。
  • 饅頭蛋套餐:1個全麥饅頭夾蛋、1杯低脂鮮奶、1小盒生菜沙拉。

【健康小叮嚀】

「呷飽沒?」短短的問候牽連著人與人之間的情感,但對豐衣足食的多數台灣人而言,吃得飽不如吃得巧,特別是一天活力來源的早餐,更應注重營養均衡,食材以天然、新鮮為主,避免攝取油炸、煙燻、醃漬等加工品,才能盡量攝取食物的營養成分,符合健康養生的需求。

 

via 增強孩子記憶力 早餐吃優質蛋白質 | 20130910 | 華人健康網.

吃了「莓」問題 揭露8大強效莓果

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多種不同的莓果都有強大的保健功效,幫助養顏美容、抗老化!(圖片/取材自美國《赫芬頓郵報》)

 

莓果類的食品最為人熟知的便是它「養顏美容」的效果,女生多吃可以顧氣色、幫助抗老,不過除了常見的藍莓、蔓越莓,其實還有很多你可能不曾聽過的莓果類食物,其中有幾種更是因為其卓越的美容、促代謝的功效,成為國外營養學家強力推薦的水果。

而過去關於莓果類食物,早有過不少研究報告,包括新鮮藍莓有助於減少糖尿病機率、覆盆子可以促進男性精子活躍度,草莓助維持口腔健康等,且幾乎所有莓果類食物都具有抗氧化、提升免疫力的保健功效;美國《赫芬頓郵報》報導便提出能夠幫助大腦活化、皮膚有光澤、減少心血管疾病、糖尿病等8種神奇莓果:

1.巴西莓:小顆、暗紫色的果實,生長在南美洲,含有高達19種胺基酸、不飽和脂肪酸,其中值得一提的是富含油酸(Oleic Acid)與亞油酸(Linoleic Acid),都是DHA的原料,有助於維持腦力與心血管健康。

2.藍莓:藍莓又有「天然發電機」之稱,因為它富有「錳」營養素,可以幫助增加體力,維生素K可以強健骨骼;此外,1杯的藍莓中就含有4克的纖維,也是幫助消化的營養來源。

3.卡姆果:被譽為全球最高維生素C含量的水果,源自於亞馬遜雨林地區,常被用做治療感冒的天然食物,也有助於強化肌腱和韌帶;富含抗氧化成分也有助於對抗人體內的自由基。

4.蔓越莓:說到抗感染第一名的食物,蔓越莓肯定榜上有名,其中含有的黃酮類物質「原花青素」可以減少泌尿道感染、不過需要長期飲用蔓越莓汁,一天至少得喝200cc才有效。

蔓越莓可以幫助抵抗感染現象,還有豐富花青素幫助體內抵抗自由基侵害。(圖片/取材自美國《赫芬頓郵報》)

蔓越莓可以幫助抵抗感染現象,還有豐富花青素幫助體內抵抗自由基侵害。(圖片/取材自美國《赫芬頓郵報》)

 

5.枸杞子:中國也有屬於自己的莓果類食品,枸杞子就是其中之一!常用於中藥膳中調味點綴的藥材,可以幫助減少高血壓、糖尿病的機率,還可保護視力健康,豐富B-胡蘿蔔素與番茄紅素也有益健康。

6.黃金果(Goldenberries):外表呈金黃色的黃金果,含有豐富維生素B、蛋白質、膳食纖維,研究發現它可幫助調節新陳代謝、以及延長飽足感。此外它也跟其他莓果食物一樣有豐富抗氧化成分。

7.智利酒果(Maqui Berries):又稱馬基果,能用於補充能量及提升免疫系統健康,還可以預防動脈硬化、調節血糖。可以加入燕麥片、果汁中食用。

8.桑葚:桑葚算是較常見的莓果食品,有維生素C、鈣、鎂、鐵,此外,一杯新鮮的桑葚就有270毫克的鉀,約等於半條香蕉,可以幫助減少骨質流失、腎結石的風險。

莓果的多種營養價值包括維生素A、C、E、K,維生素B群,是幫助身體傷口癒合或是自我修復的重要營養素,加上類黃酮化合物又具有抗氧化功能,因此在日常飲食中適量補充莓果就是能延緩老化,保持青春的秘訣喔!

via 吃了「莓」問題 揭露8大強效莓果 | 20130910 | 華人健康網.

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