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Archive for August 7, 2013

Mussels with White Wine

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INGREDIENTS

Lemon Aioli

1 large egg yolk

1 garlic clove, finely grated

1 teaspoon (or more) fresh lemon juice

1/4 cup vegetable oil

1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil

Kosher salt

Mussels

2 tablespoons olive oil

1 medium yellow onion, chopped

Kosher salt, freshly ground pepper

2 garlic cloves, finely chopped

2 tablespoons tomato paste

1/2 cup white wine

4 pounds mussels, debearded, scrubbed

2 teaspoons fresh thyme leaves

Sliced country-style bread, toasted (for serving)

PREPARATION

Lemon Aioli

Whisk egg yolk, garlic, and lemon juice in a medium bowl. Whisking constantly, drizzle in vegetable oil, then olive oil in a slow, steady stream; whisk until aioli is emulsified. Season with salt and more lemon juice, if desired. Cover; chill.

DO AHEAD: Aioli can be made 1 day ahead. Keep chilled.

Mussels

Heat oil in a large heavy pot over medium-high heat. Add onion, season with salt and pepper, and cook, stirring often, until softened, about 5 minutes. Add garlic and cook, stirring often, until fragrant, about 1 minute. Add tomato paste and cook, stirring, until it begins to darken, about 2 minutes. Add wine and bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer until liquid is slightly reduced, about 1 minute.

Add mussels and 1/2 cup water to pot, cover, and reduce heat to medium. Cook, stirring occasionally, until mussels open (discard any that do not open), 10–12 minutes.

Ladle mussels and broth into shallow bowls and top with thyme; serve with bread and lemon aioli.

via Mussels with White Wine Recipe: Bon Appétit.

Google launching Android version of ‘Find my Phone’

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FIND IT: Users will be able to view a missing phone or tablet on a map and delete its contents if the device has been stolen. — ©AFP/Relaxnews 2013

It’s only taken four years to catch up, but Google has finally launched an Android equivalent to Apple’s Find my Phone app in order to help consumers track down missing or stolen handsets and tablets.

Going by the slightly less catchy Android Device Manager Service, it offers much of the same functionality that iPhone, iPad and even Mac notebook users have been taking for granted since 2009.

Scheduled to officially roll out “later this month”, the service will allow users to call their phone and make it ring at maximum volume (even if it is in silent mode) in case it has been misplaced around the home, or view its location in real time on a map if it was left at a restaurant or somewhere else further afield. And, if it’s missing because it was stolen, the owner can quickly and securely remote wipe all information on it.

But best of all, the service is compatible with Android devices running version 2.2 (Froyo) or higher of the operating system, meaning that, according to Google’s own latest usage figures, 98.7 percent of all active Android devices will be supported. It will come with a supporting app for managing multiple devices.

Earlier this year, Sony launched its own version of the service specifically for its Android smartphone customers and the service is currently rolling out territory by territory after successful trials in Northern Europe.

Meanwhile during its World Wide Developers Conference in June, Apple revealed that it was beefing up the performance of its Find My Phone service by enabling device owners to not only permanently erase the content of stolen iDevices but also disable them so that thieves would not be able to reset, reprogram or resell them.

The new features, which will be included in the next update to its mobile operating system iOS7, will come online in September and have the potential to make iPhones and iPads’ black market resell value worthless as the devices will forever display a message on their homescreen that the phone is stolen and has therefore been wiped. — ©AFP/Relaxnews 2013

via Google launching Android version of ‘Find my Phone’ – Tech News | The Star Online.

Childhood obesity rates decline in US for first time

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Obese children are more likely than their peers to remain overweight as adults

Obesity rates have dipped among low-income American children for the first time, according to US health officials.

The fall was recorded in 18 states for children aged two to four, said the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).

The report used data based on the height and weight of nearly 12 million children in 40 states.

But one in eight nursery-age children are still overweight in the US, with even higher rates among African-American and Hispanic children.

Obesity’s side effects

The most significant declines were seen in Florida, Georgia, Missouri, New Jersey and South Dakota, where it dropped by more than 1%.

Other states showing improvement were California, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, New Mexico and Washington.

“Now, for the first time, we’re seeing a significant decrease in childhood obesity,” said Thomas Frieden, director of the CDC, which produced the report.

Nationally, the lowest rate was seen in Hawaii, where 9% of the children who participated were obese. California had the highest rate – 17%.

Obesity rates were up in three states – Colorado, Pennsylvania and Tennessee.

Some states such as Texas, which is known to have a problem with childhood obesity, were not included in the report.

The research did not suggest why there appeared to be a decline in obesity rates in some parts of the country.

In the last couple of years, cities like Philadelphia and New York and states like Mississippi have reported improvements, but not on the scale of the results published on Tuesday.

The last such analysis, which looked at data from 2003-08, reported a rise in childhood obesity in 24 states.

Obese children are five times more likely than their peers to remain overweight as adults.

They also face a higher risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, asthma and mental health issues.

A third of US children and teens and more than two-thirds of adults are obese or overweight.

Most of the data for Tuesday’s report was gathered from children enrolled in the government’s Women, Infants and Children programme.

It is not clear whether the trend also applies to children from more affluent backgrounds, but experts say obesity rates tend to be higher among children from more deprived homes.

via BBC News – Childhood obesity rates decline in US for first time.

Pregnancy length ‘varies naturally by up to five weeks’

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This is the first study to look at pregnancy this way

 

The length of pregnancy can vary naturally by as much as five weeks, research suggests.

The study of 125 women is the first to calculate gestation by pinpointing the exact time of conception.

It found age, time to implantation and their own weight as babies were also linked to pregnancy length.

An expert said the findings, in the journal Human Reproduction, challenged whether a “due date” for women was helpful.

Due dates can be calculated from working out 280 days after the start of the woman’s last menstrual period, or more accurately by ultrasound.

Yet only 4% of women deliver when predicted and only 70% within 10 days of their estimated due date.

Researchers ‘surprised’

The research team at the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences measured hormone concentrations in daily urine samples taken from women trying to conceive naturally to determine exactly when ovulation and implantation of the fertilised egg had occurred.

They found that the average length from ovulation to birth was 268 days, just over 38 weeks.

Once they had excluded six premature births, they found that gestation varied naturally by as much as 37 days.

Dr Anne Marie Jukic said: “We were a bit surprised by this finding. We know that length of gestation varies among women, but some part of that variation has always been attributed to errors in the assignment of gestational age.


This is a very interesting piece of work and knowing when is the right time to deliver is a huge issue”

Dr Virginia BeckettRoyal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

“Our measure of length of gestation does not include these sources of error, and yet there is still five weeks of variability. It’s fascinating.”

The study also showed that embryos that took longer to implant also took longer from implantation to delivery.

Older women were more likely to have longer pregnancies and there was also a link between gestation and a mother’s weight when she was born.

The researchers also found that length of previous or subsequent pregnancies was related to the length of the one being studied, suggesting a consistency about when women deliver.

But they said it was too early to make any clinical recommendations.

“I think the best that can be said is that natural variability may be greater than we have previously thought and, if that is true, clinicians may want to keep that in mind when trying to decide whether to intervene on a pregnancy,” said Dr Jukic.

Dr Virginia Beckett, spokesperson for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, said very little was known about the exact mechanisms that determine when labour begins.

“This is a very interesting piece of work and knowing when is the right time to deliver is a huge issue.”

She added it supports the suggestion that giving someone a “due date” may not be a great idea and can make women feel anxious when they go over.

“It would be better to say, ‘You will be delivered by this time’ to take the pressure off.”

via BBC News – Pregnancy length ‘varies naturally by up to five weeks’.

Bird flu strain in China ‘passed between humans’

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There have been more than 130 cases of bird flu in eastern China

 

Researchers have reported the first case of human-to-human transmission of the new strain of bird flu that has emerged in China.

The British Medical Journal said a 32-year-old woman was infected after caring for her father. Both later died.

Until now there had been no evidence of anyone catching the H7N9 virus other than after direct contact with birds.

But experts stressed it does not mean the virus has developed the ability to spread easily between humans.

By 30 June there had been 133 cases of H7N9 bird flu reported in eastern China and 43 deaths.

Most people had visited live poultry markets or had close contact with live poultry in the week or two before they became ill.

Intensive care

Yet researchers found that the 32-year-old woman had become infected in March after caring for her 60-year-old father in hospital.

Unlike her father – who had visited a poultry market in the week before falling ill – she had no known exposure to live poultry but fell ill six days after her last contact with him.

Both died in intensive care of multiple organ failure.

Tests on the virus taken from both patients showed the strains were almost genetically identical, which supports the theory that the daughter was infected directly from her father rather than another source.

Public health officials tested 43 close contacts of the patients but all tested negative for H7N9, suggesting the ability of the virus to spread was limited.

The researchers said that while there was no evidence to suggest the virus had gained the ability to spread from person to person efficiently, this was the first case of a “probable transmission” from human to human.

‘Strong warning sign’

“Our findings reinforce that the novel virus possesses the potential for pandemic spread,” they concluded.

Dr James Rudge, of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said that limited transmission between humans is not surprising and has been seen before in other bird flu viruses, such as H5N1.

He added: “It would be a worry if we start to see longer chains of transmission between people, when one person infects someone else, who in turn infects more people, and so on.

“And particularly if each infected case goes on to infect, on average, more than one other person, this would be a strong warning sign that we might be in the early stages of an epidemic.”

An accompanying editorial in the BMJ, co-authored by Dr Rudge, concluded that while this study might not suggest that H7N9 is any closer to delivering the next pandemic, “it does provide a timely reminder of the need to remain extremely vigilant”.

via BBC News – Bird flu strain in China ‘passed between humans’.

Fonterra CEO: All contaminated dairy stocks contained

The Fonterra logo is seen near the Fonterra Te Rapa plant near Hamilton

(Reuters) – Fonterra CEO Theo Spierings said on Wednesday that all stocks of contaminated dairy products made and exported by the company had been taken out of the market, and there was little or no risk to consumers.

After visiting China earlier this week, Spierings said the situation there had stabilized. “I said at a press conference in China that I would not leave before the situation was stable from the perspective of markets, consumers, customers and global authorities,” he told reporters at the company’s headquarters in Auckland.

“We had all those discussions yesterday, and I decided late last night that the situation is stable.”

Fonterra, the world’s largest dairy exporter, has come under fire at home and abroad for dragging its feet in saying it sold whey protein products that contained a bacteria which can cause botulism – a potentially fatal food poisoning.

(Editing by Ian Geoghegan)

via Fonterra CEO: All contaminated dairy stocks contained | Reuters.

護肝怎麼做?台灣肝帝:先別害肝

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均衡飲食、多運動,就是對肝最好的保健方法。

坊間保肝、養肝、護肝產品一籮筐,因為大家常認為肝是無聲的器官,就算生病了也不會發出警訊,所以應注意「保肝」,但畢生研究肝炎的中央研究院院士陳定信認為,「保肝」不如先不要「害肝」,因現代人營養攝取充足,只要維持良好生活習慣,就不需多吃護肝產品。

「保肝」不如改善生活習慣。

中央研究院院士陳定信畢生推動肝炎醫治、預防方法,讓台灣成為全球第一個實施B型肝炎大型預防注射的地區,因此有人稱他「台灣肝帝」,一路走來,他認為國人對肝病已經建立不少正確想法,但唯一比較錯誤的就是「保肝」觀念,誤以為大量攝取所謂保肝護肝養肝產品即可,其實只要喝酒不過量、平時飲食均衡、生活正常,肝就會健康,不需特地「保肝」。

中央研究院院士陳定信(左)畢生推動肝炎醫治、預防方法,超跑選手陳彥博(右)也出席他的新書發表會,並獻花致意。(圖片提供/天下雜誌)

中央研究院院士陳定信(左)畢生推動肝炎醫治、預防方法,超跑選手陳彥博(右)也出席他的新書發表會,並獻花致意。(圖片提供/天下雜誌)

陳定信:從日常生活中顧肝,就沒有「保肝」問題!

現代人在預防肝臟相關疾病時,最嚴重的就是喝酒過量問題,酒喝多了,肝無法修復,久了肝就會壞掉;其次則是新陳代謝疾病如糖尿病引起過胖問題,容易導致脂肪肝,嚴重也會惡化成肝硬化、肝癌。

陳定信表示,改善生活習慣,不傷害肝,才是最佳護肝法,平時飲食節制、營養均衡,忌吃太肥、太油、太甜的東西,再加上多運動、維持良好身材、每天喝水2000CC,就是保健肝臟的妙方。

新生兒打B型肝炎疫苗,不必太擔心B型肝炎傳染問題。

在肝炎預防方面,陳定信與已逝臺灣肝炎鼻祖宋瑞樓教授共同研究,成功的找出台灣的B型肝炎主要是由帶原的母親傳染給新生兒,並推動讓臺灣成為全球第一個實施B型肝炎大型預防注射的地區,現在大部分新生兒都有打B型肝炎疫苗,國人已不需要太擔心B型肝炎傳染問題。

C型肝炎無疫苗,必需注意病毒互相傳染。

但C型肝炎沒有疫苗,且傳染途徑是經由皮膚黏膜,陳定信表示,預防方式就是盡量不要跟人共用會刺穿皮膚黏膜的東西,比如穿耳洞時注意儀器一定要消毒完全,最好使用拋棄式器具,牙刷也不可以共用,以免讓病毒有機可乘,從口腔黏膜進入體內。

「台灣肝帝」70年走出肝炎權威,新書《堅定信念》啟發人

陳定信是中央研究院院士,也是前台大醫學院院長,更是台灣醫界第一人當選美國國家科學院海外院士。因幼時目睹父親因肝細胞癌過世,選擇了肝炎研究的道路,沒有開業、放棄高薪高位、也不曾放洋留學,連博碩士學位都沒有,一直留在台灣為解開肝炎的防治方法而努力。

近期一本新書《堅定信念》,便是陳定信接受作者藍麗娟前後耗時14個月的專訪,將陳定信70年來的人生故事一一細述,陳定信希望用這本書,讓讀者知道他走過的路,從他的故事中得到啟發,書中也針對「有志就讀醫學系的青少年」、「醫學生」、「住院醫師」、「主治醫師」、「醫生科學家」分享心得,希望讀者「各取所需」,也傳承他關懷社會的心。

via 護肝怎麼做?台灣肝帝:先別害肝 | 20130807 | 華人健康網.

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