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Archive for July 23, 2013

Plain cigarette packs ‘encourage smokers to quit’

Plain packaging of cigarettes was introduced in Australia last December

Selling cigarettes in unbranded packs seems to make tobacco less appealing and encourages smokers to quit, suggests a study.

The work comes from Australia – the first country to introduce plain packaging.

The BMJ Open research looked at the impact of the policy on 536 smokers in the state of Victoria.

The findings come days after ministers were criticised for putting on hold a plan to impose plain packs in England.

Downing Street denied the Tories’ election strategist, Lynton Crosby, had been responsible for the delay to plain packaging.

Mr Crosby’s links with alcohol and tobacco companies have been called into question by some MPs.

Defending the decision to delay, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said the government wanted more time to see how the policy had worked in Australia.

The BMJ Open study gives an early indication of precisely this.

Researchers polled a sample of smokers during November 2012 when plain packs were already available in the run up to the country-wide introduction of the legislation.

Almost three out of four (72.3%) were smoking cigarettes from plain packs while the remainder (27.7%) were still using branded packs with smaller health warnings.

Compared with branded pack smokers, smokers using plain packs were 66% more likely to think their cigarettes were poorer quality than a year ago and they were 70% more likely to say they found them less satisfying.

They were also 81% more likely to have thought about quitting at least once a day during the previous week.

And plain pack smokers were 51% more likely to back the plain pack policy than were brand pack smokers.

Simon Clark, director of the smokers’ group Forest, said the study offered “no credible evidence” to suggest that plain packaging will reduce smoking rates.

“The research, which was carried out in November 2012, before plain packaging was introduced, is based on highly subjective responses to questions about the perceived quality of cigarettes and the satisfaction consumers derive from smoking cigarettes sold in standard packs.

“There is no evidence that the sale or consumption of cigarettes has fallen in Australia since plain packs were introduced in December.”

Kate Alley of Cancer Research UK disagreed, saying: “When cigarettes aren’t disguised by flashy packaging and carefully crafted branding, smokers see them for what they are – a lethal product which kills half of its long term users.”

She said ministers should “stop stalling” and introduce standardised packs in the UK as soon as possible, adding that 85% of the British public wanted government action to reduce the number of children who smoke.

Simon Gillespie, of the British Heart Foundation, said: “These are clear-cut findings about how existing smokers have reacted to the changes in Australia. Westminster has absolutely no excuse for delaying legislation to introduce standardised packaging.”

A Department of Health spokeswoman said: “We take very seriously the potential for standardised packaging to reduce smoking rates, but in light of the differing views, we have decided to wait until the emerging impact of the decision in Australia can be measured, and then we will make a decision in England.

“This decision is an important one and whilst we keep it under review, we’ll be continuing to implement our existing plan to reduce smoking rates through ending the display of tobacco in all shops, running national behaviour change campaigns to encourage smokers to quit and through supporting local authorities to provide effective stop smoking services.”

“When cigarettes aren’t disguised by flashy packaging and carefully crafted branding, smokers see them for what they are – a lethal product which kills half of its long term users”

Kate AlleyCancer Research UK’s tobacco policy manager

via BBC News – Plain cigarette packs ‘encourage smokers to quit’.

Scottish skin cancer survival rates at all-time high

Scotland’s skin cancer survival rates have improved dramatically over the past 30 years


Eight out of 10 men and nine out of 10 women diagnosed with the most dangerous form of skin cancer will now survive the disease, according to a new report.

Cancer Research UK said 30 years ago only 58% of men and 78% of women beat the disease.

Scotland’s improved survival rates are linked to better treatment, early diagnosis and awareness of the symptoms, the charity said.

Its latest poster campaign highlights progress but urges more to be done.

Over the summer, it has asked the public to help by entering local fundraising events, returning sponsorship money for Race for Life, or donating goods to one of their charity shops.

Supporters’ generosity

Dr Tim Crook, from the University of Dundee, who treats melanoma and works on Cancer Research UK projects, said: “We’ve come a long way in the fight against skin cancer and that’s largely down to the generosity of supporters who have funded research to help us better understand the disease and find new ways of beating it.

“Eight out of 10 is great, but obviously that means we still need to do more for the two out of 10 where things don’t look so good.”

He said research from Cancer Research UK-funded laboratories had allowed the development of drugs like Vemurafenib, which he said could give patients with advanced melanoma “valuable extra months”.

Cancer Research UK’s Linda Summerhayes said its research was also behind the discovery that faults in a gene called BRAF contribute to over half of all cases of malignant melanoma.

“Since then, our scientists have led efforts to develop drugs that target this gene,” she said.

“Skin cancer is one of the fastest rising cancers in the UK, which is likely to be down to our sunbathing habits and the introduction of cheap package holidays in previous decades.”

‘Very lucky’

Long term survivor of skin cancer, Caroline Begg, of Glasgow, was diagnosed with malignant melanoma in 2006, when she was 26-years-old after using sunbeds regularly.

The 33-year-old mother-of-two said: “I was very lucky that my cancer was caught early. I think going to the doctor early and the treatment I received saved my life.

“Now I am the most cautious person in the sun and would never ever use a sunbed.

“I would urge everyone to take care so they don’t have to go through the trauma I did.”

In Scotland, about 1,200 people are diagnosed with malignant melanoma every year – more than three people per day.

via BBC News – Scottish skin cancer survival rates at all-time high.

Breakfast linked to ‘healthy heart’

Could a bowl of cereal help your heart?


People should eat breakfast to keep their hearts in good condition, according to researchers in the US.

Their study of 27,000 men, in the journal Circulation, showed those skipping breakfast were at a greater risk of heart problems.

The team at the Harvard School of Public Health said missing the meal put an “extra strain” on the body.

The British Heart Foundation said breakfast helped people resist sugary snacks before lunch.

The men, aged 45-82, were studied for 16 years. During that time there were more than 1,500 heart attacks or cases of fatal heart failure.

However, people who skipped breakfast were 27% more likely to have heart problems than those who started the day with a meal. The researchers adjusted for other lifestyle risk factors such as smoking and exercise.

Researcher, Dr Leah Cahill told the BBC: “The take-home message is eat in the morning when you wake up, preferably within an hour.

“The results show that something is better than nothing, but it’s always better to have something healthy and balanced.”

She said the timing of the meal seemed to be key and waiting until lunch rather than “breaking fast” may be straining the body over time.

She said this could be increasing the risk of high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes which could in turn damage the heart.

“Don’t skip breakfast,” Dr Cahill concluded.

Victoria Taylor, a dietitian with the British Heart Foundation, said: “These researchers only looked at men aged over 45, so we would need to see further research to confirm that breakfast has the same impact on the heart health of other groups of people.

“What we do know is that a healthy and filling breakfast can make that mid-morning biscuit less tempting, as well as giving you another opportunity to widen the variety of foods in your diet.

“Wholegrain toast, or cereals like porridge with low fat milk are a good way to start the day. Try a sliced banana or dried fruit on top and you’ll be on your way to five-a-day before you’ve even left the house.”

via BBC News – Breakfast linked to ‘healthy heart’.

Call to ban smoking on beaches stirs French

Parisians have been relaxing on temporary beaches along the Seine

A call by France’s health minister for local authorities to ban smoking in parks and on beaches has sparked debate as a heat wave grips the country.

Marisol Touraine told the Journal du Dimanche newspaper she wanted to see more tobacco-free zones, to protect children’s health.

The Socialist minister said she hoped smoking would also be banned outside schools and on university campuses.

Smoke-free beaches have appeared in some French resorts in recent years.

The town of La Ciotat, near Marseille on the Mediterranean coast, was among the first to create such a beach in 2011, introducing a fine of 38 euros (£33; $50) for offenders.

Similar steps have been taken elsewhere in the world, notably in New York City, which prohibited smoking on beaches and in parks the same year.

‘Much cleaner now’

Ms Touraine said: “Is it normal for mothers, fathers or nannies to smoke in a public park where children play? I don’t think so. Tobacco kills…”

Her remarks were picked up by other newspapers, generating lively debates online.

Many readers welcomed the minister’s proposal, with comments like “Anything that makes smokers see sense is good”, but some accused the government of seeking to encroach on civil liberties.

One reader of Le Figaro, named only as Morpain, joked in an open letter to Ms Touraine that, given the continuing issue of mortality in the French population, she should ban childbirth in France “until the problem of eternal life is solved by scientific means”.

A reporter for La Croix newspaper who visited La Ciotat’s smoke-free Lumiere Beach found evidence that the ban was popular with smokers and non-smokers alike.

She interviewed a mother named Virginie smoking outside the entrance while her daughter played in the sand.

“My daughter used to dig up cigarette butts,” the 35-year-old said. “Today the beach is much cleaner. And moving away to have a smoke is less embarrassing now since we already do it in bars and restaurants.”

Active smoking is the prime cause of avoidable mortality in France and is regarded as being responsible for 90% of lung cancer cases and 73,000 premature deaths each year, according to the country’s National Institute for Prevention and Health Education.

With temperatures reaching 33C in Paris and 37C on the French Riviera on Monday, people have been flocking to beaches and parks to cool off.

via BBC News – Call to ban smoking on beaches stirs French.







文明通病 患者年紀層降低


顳顎關節症候群 改善3要點


  1. 肌肉放鬆治療:壓力導致肌肉緊張及牙關緊咬,可以使用行為治療的方式,使肌肉保持放鬆,便可減緩症狀。
  2. 物理治療:熱敷、超音波、低周波電氣刺激(一種電療方法)等,可促進血液循環,減輕肌肉緊張及酸痛。
  3. 咬合板治療:咬合板是一種透明壓克力製作的治療工具,夜間睡眠時套在牙齒上,當夜間有磨牙或牙關咬緊的現象,可以像枴杖一樣提供支撐,保護已經受傷的顎關節,免於繼續受傷,增加癒合復原的機會。




via 喀一聲嘴歪了!顳顎關節症候群作祟 | 20130723 | 華人健康網.




治療階段不同 飲食調整有必要




儲備抗癌體力 元氣料理力挺



  • 材料:板豆腐5小塊、胡蘿蔔100公克、木耳50公克、竹筍片50公克、肉片75公克、蔥及蒜頭各5公克、醬油1湯匙、鹽1/2茶匙、砂糖1湯匙、太白粉少許、橄欖油2湯匙。
  • 做法:
    1. 將豆腐切半,兩面煎黃,胡蘿蔔、木耳、蒜頭切片備用。
    2. 起油鍋,倒入橄欖油將蔥、蒜爆香,再放入胡蘿蔔、木耳及竹筍片炒熟,加入1/2碗清水,水滾時可放入調味料如醬油、鹽、砂糖調味,再加入煎黃的豆腐及豬肉片煮熟。
    3. 等湯收汁剩2/3量時,最後以太白粉水勾芡即可食用。
  • 熱量:5人份熱量共 685卡。
  • 特色:豆腐含有大豆蛋白,可增加蛋白質攝取,而異黃酮則為強抗氧化物質,使用強烈氣味的蔥蒜爆香,除了可增加香氣,還有降低膽固醇及抗凝血的保護作用。


  • 材料:鮪魚150公克、蛋2個、馬鈴薯180公克、小黃瓜兩條、胡蘿蔔120公克、沙拉醬1小包、胡椒粉及糖少許。
  • 做法:
    1. 將馬鈴薯去皮洗淨後切小丁塊,放入電鍋或蒸籠蒸煮約20~25分鐘,趁熟軟在搗成泥。
    2. 煮一鍋水將切丁胡蘿蔔煮熟撈起放涼,再將蛋煮熟後取出蛋白切丁備用。
    3. 將鮪魚水煮後將魚肉壓碎備用。
    4. 取大容器將鮪魚、馬鈴薯、胡蘿蔔、切丁蛋白及切片小黃瓜材料一起拌入,再倒入沙拉醬、胡椒粉及糖拌勻後即可盛盤食用。
  • 熱量:5人份熱量共770卡。
  • 特色:鮪魚含有豐富魚油可抗氧化,加入泥狀馬鈴薯可使口腔及消化道黏膜發炎患者容易進食,添加小黃瓜、胡蘿蔔等多色青菜可增加進食食慾。

via 乳癌別「豆」了?什錦豆腐健康吃 | 20130720 | 華人健康網.

輕食豆腐生菜沙拉 體內環保靠它









  1. 將雞豆泡水1~2小時,清洗,蒸熟備用。
  2. 涼薯去皮、小黃瓜洗淨,切成滾花片備用。
  3. 美生菜、玉米、青豆仁洗淨,美生菜切大片備用。
  4. 海帶芽洗淨泡水,與玉米、青豆仁放入滾水中川燙備用。
  5. 胡蘿蔔、紫高麗洗淨,刨成絲狀;番茄洗淨,切成滾刀片。
  6. 豆腐柳橙醬:將豆腐80克洗淨,煮熟,冷卻與柳橙汁60CC加檸檬汁15CC、腰果22克再加少許鹽等食材打成沙拉醬。
  7. 將所有的食材與豆腐柳橙醬均勻混和即可食用。

via 輕食豆腐生菜沙拉 體內環保靠它 | 20130723 | 華人健康網.

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