Your healthcare news library

Archive for March 27, 2013

Road Bike Pro Cycling Computer

iPhone Screenshot 5

Road Bike Pro Cycling Computer powered by runtasticiPhone iOS (4.5 stars with 717 Ratings)

$4.99

Free Offer Ended. This app was free on March 24, 2013, but the offer has expired. Follow us on Twitter or Subscribe by email or RSS feed to get daily App Gone Free notifications so you won’t miss it next time. The following impression was made during the promotional period.

 

Road Bike Pro Cycling Computer includes over 50 features to help you monitor your biking activity. Track your calories, distance, time, speed, altitude, and pace live during the ride. Get Weather and wind information within the app. Listen to voice feedback of your key performance metrics and motivation messages. You also get a full training history with graphics and charts for evaluating your progress. This app is as complete as it can get for a biking app. Try it out before your next biking trip.

appchronicles – http://appchronicles.com/best-free-apps-of-the-day-on-324-road-bike-pro-cycling-computer-pictok-doc-and-dog-more/

Chile-Braised Short Ribs

Chile-Braised Short Ribs

INGREDIENTS

  • 8 dried New Mexico chiles
  • 4 garlic cloves
  • Zest and juice of 1 lemon
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 5 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 2 teaspoons ground coriander
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 8 1-inch-thick cross-cut beef short ribs (flanken style; about 5 pounds)
  • 1 large onion, thinly sliced
  • 4 cups low-sodium chicken broth
  • 1 1/2 pounds fingerling or new potatoes
  • 4 large carrots (about 3/4 pound), peeled, cut into 2 inches pieces
  • 2 tablespoons tomato paste
  • 1 cup pitted green olives (such as Castelvetrano or Cerignola)
  • 1/2 cup chopped flat-leaf parsley

PREPARATION

  • Toast chiles in a dry large skillet over medium heat until slightly puffed and lightly darkened on both sides, about 2 minutes. Remove from skillet; let cool. Stem chiles and halve lengthwise; discard seeds. Place in a medium bowl and add boiling water to cover. Let chiles stand until soft, about 20 minutes. Drain.
  • Combine chiles, garlic, lemon zest and juice, oil, salt, coriander, and cumin in a blender or food processor; purée until marinade is smooth.
  • Toss short ribs and onion with marinade in a shallow baking dish; cover dish and chill ribs overnight.
  • Preheat oven to 350°. Transfer onion, short ribs, and marinade to a large heavy pot. Add broth. Bring to a boil on stove-top and cover pot. Transfer to oven and braise ribs for 2 hours.
  • Add potatoes, carrots, and tomato paste (keep meat and vegetables submerged); cover and return to oven. Continue braising until meat is fork-tender and separates easily from the bone and vegetables are soft, 50-60 minutes longer.
  • Transfer short ribs and vegetables to a large rimmed baking sheet. Cover baking sheet with foil. Strain cooking liquid into a large saucepan. Bring to a boil, reduce heat, and simmer, skimming fat from surface occasionally, until sauce is reduced to 4 cups, 8-10 minutes. DO AHEAD: Short ribs, vegetables, and sauce can be made 2 hours ahead. Cover sauce. Let sauce and ribs and vegetables stand at room temperature.
  • Place covered baking sheet with ribs and vegetables in oven until reheated, about 15 minutes. Stir olives and parsley into sauce and rewarm, stirring occasionally, over medium heat.
  • Divide short ribs and vegetables among plates and spoon sauce over.

Read More http://www.bonappetit.com/recipes/2013/03/chile-braised-short-ribs#ixzz2Ohk2Wbg0

Amniotic fluid ‘may heal premature baby gut’

Foetus

Amniotic fluid may hold the key to healing a fatal gut disease which affects premature babies, doctors say.

Severe inflammation, called necrotizing enterocolitis, can destroy the gut’s tissues and lead to major organ failure.

Early animal tests, published in the journal Gut, showed that stem cells inside amniotic fluid could heal some of the damage and increase survival.

Further tests are still needed before it is tried in premature babies.

Pregnancy fluid

Babies born too soon are not ready for the world outside the womb and their guts are ill-prepared to deal with food. About one in 10 premature babies in a neonatal intensive care will develop necrotizing enterocolitis.

The inflammation can cause tissue death and lead to a hole in the baby’s intestines which can result in a serious infection.


What appears to be happening is a direct effect on calming inflammation and also stimulating resident stem cells in the gut to be more efficient at repairing the intestines”

Dr Simon EatonInstitute of Child Health

Breast milk can reduce the risks, but the only major treatment is surgery to remove the diseased tissue. However, 40% of those needing an operation will not survive.

“It is quite a problem and we think it is on the increase,” said Dr Simon Eaton, from the Institute of Child Health at University College London.

He was part of a team investigating the use of stem cells, which are able to become any other type of cell in the body from nerve to bone, taken from the amniotic fluid which surrounds a developing foetus in the womb.

In experiments on laboratory rats, which are programmed to develop fatal necrotizing enterocolitis, injections of stem cells appeared to increase survival times.

Dr Eaton told the BBC news website: “We’re able to prolong survival by quite a long way.

“What appears to be happening is a direct effect on calming inflammation and also stimulating resident stem cells in the gut to be more efficient at repairing the intestines.”

The study, funded by Great Ormond Street Hospital Children’s Charity, showed the intestines were also working better after the treatment.

Cancer risk?

Fellow researcher Dr Paolo De Coppi said: “Stem cells are well known to have anti-inflammatory effects, but this is the first time we have shown that amniotic fluid stem cells can repair damage in the intestines.

“Although amniotic fluid stem cells have a more limited capacity to develop into different cell types than those from the embryo, they nevertheless show promise for many parts of the body including the liver, muscle and nervous system.”

Far more testing would be required to work out if the treatment would work in babies and if it would be safe.

The stem cells would have to be taken from a donor as it would not be practical to store fluid from every birth, just in case. This means there is the risk of rejection.

As the stem cells are capable of becoming other types of cells there is also concern that they may pose a cancer risk.

However, in the future doctors hope they could harness a drug instead.

“It’s not the cells, they’re delivering something and if we knew what that was then we could deliver that directly,” said Dr Eaton.

BBC – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-21900203

Social isolation ‘increases death risk in older people’

Elderly woman with her cat
Being cut off from friends and family and a support network poses a risk

Social isolation is associated with a higher risk of death in older people regardless of whether they consider themselves lonely, research suggests.

A study of 6,500 UK men and women aged over 52 found that being isolated from family and friends was linked with a 26% higher death risk over seven years.

Whether or not participants felt lonely did not alter the impact of social isolation on health.

Age UK says cuts to services for older people are compounding the problem.

It is not the first time that loneliness and social isolation has been linked with poor health.

But researchers wanted to find out if it was the emotional aspect of feeling lonely that was having an impact or the reality of having little social contact.

Those who were socially isolated – that is had little or no contact with friends or family – were more likely to be older and unmarried and have long-standing illnesses limiting their mobility, such as lung disease and arthritis.

People who described themselves as feeling lonely were more likely to be female and have a wider range of health conditions, including depression.

‘Surprise’ findings

Both social isolation and feeling lonely were associated with a higher chance of death.


This study shows more clearly than before that being lonely and isolated is not only miserable, it is a real health risk”

Michelle MitchellAge UK

But after adjusting for factors such as underlying health conditions, only social isolation remained important.

That risk did not change when researchers added in whether or not someone felt lonely in their isolation.

Writing in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers said they were surprised by their findings.

Study leader Prof Andrew Steptoe, director of the Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care at University College London, said: “Social connections can provide emotional support and warmth which is important but they also provide things like advice, making sure people take their medication and provide support in helping them to do things.

“It would suggest that those practical aspects are quite important for older people’s survival.

“There’s been such an increase in people living alone. In the last 15 years, the number of 55 to 64-year-olds living alone has increased by 50%.

“And it might be that people in those circumstances aren’t looking after themselves so well.”

Michelle Mitchell, director general at Age UK, said: “This study shows more clearly than before that being lonely and isolated is not only miserable, it is a real health risk, increasing the risk of early death.”

She added that cuts to local authority budget cuts may exacerbate the problem of isolation for many older people.

“Across the country day care centres, often the only regular social life that many older people enjoy, are closing, social care support which can enable older people to leave the house is being cut down to the bare minimum, and too many older people are hidden behind closed doors struggling to cope.”

BBC – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-21929197

TV time ‘does not breed badly behaved children’

The study’s lead author Dr Alison Parkes and Jane Gentle from Mumsnet discuss the findings

Spending hours watching TV or playing computer games each day does not harm young children’s social development, say experts.

The Medical Research Council (MRC) team who studied more than 11,000 primary school pupils says it is wrong to link bad behaviour to TV viewing.

Although researchers found a small correlation between the two, they say other influences, such as parenting styles, most probably explain the link.

But they still say “limit screen time”.

This cautionary advice is because spending lots of time in front of the TV every day might reduce how much time a child spends doing other important activities such as playing with friends and doing homework, they say.

US research suggests watching TV in early childhood can cause attention problems at the age of seven.


We found no effect with screen time for most of the behavioural and social problems that we looked at and only a very small effect indeed for conduct problems, such as fighting or bullying”

Dr Alison ParkesLead investigator

In the US, paediatric guidelines recommend that total screen time should be limited to less than two hours of educational, non-violent programmes per day. There are currently no formal guidelines in the UK.

For the MRC study, published in Archives of Diseases in Childhood, Dr Alison Parkes and colleagues asked UK mothers from all walks of life to give details about their child’s TV viewing habits and general behaviour.

Electronic entertainment

Almost two-thirds (65%) of the 11,014 five-year-olds included in the study watched TV between one and three hours a day, 15% watched more than three hours and less than 2% watched no television at all.

Watching more than three hours’ TV a day at this age predicted a very small increase in “conduct” problems at the age of seven.

After their seventh birthday, these boys and girls were slightly more likely to get into fights, tell lies or be bullies than their peers, according to their mothers’ reports.

Time spent playing computer games bore no such relationship.

Child bullying
Children may find it hard to talk about bullying

And there was no association between TV or any screen time and other issues such as hyperactivity or problems interacting with friends.

Dr Parkes, head of the MRC’s social and public health sciences unit in Glasgow, said it was wrong to blame social problems on TV.

“We found no effect with screen time for most of the behavioural and social problems that we looked at and only a very small effect indeed for conduct problems, such as fighting or bullying.

“Our work suggests that limiting the amount of time children spend in front of the TV is, in itself, unlikely to improve psychosocial adjustment.”

She said interventions focusing on the family dynamic and the child were more likely to make a difference and that much may depend on what children are watching and whether they were supervised.

Sonia Livingstone, professor of social psychology, at the London School of Economics, said the findings were a “good reason to ask why some children spend so much time watching television”.

Prof Annette Karmiloff-Smith, of Birkbeck, University of London, said that rather than focusing on the possible adverse effects of TV and video games, it would be better to look at what positive impact they could have on children.

Prof Hugh Perry, chair of the MRC’s neurosciences and mental health board, said: “We are living in a world that is increasingly dominated by electronic entertainment, and parents are understandably concerned about the impact this might be having on their children’s wellbeing and mental health.

“This important study suggests the relationship between TV and video games and health is complex and influenced by many other social and environmental factors.”

BBC – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-21923930

Tag Cloud