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Archive for October 3, 2012

Bouillabaisse with Rouille and Garlic Toasts

Bouillabaisse with Rouille and Garlic Toasts

Ingredients

Bouillabaisse Broth

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 medium onions, finely chopped
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt plus more
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • 2 leeks, white and pale-green parts only, finely sliced (about 2 cups)
  • 1 large red tomato, peeled, seeded, diced (about 1 cup)
  • 12 sprigs thyme, tied in a bundle
  • 6 garlic cloves, sliced
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1/2 teaspoon crumbled saffron threads
  • 1 cup dry white wine
  • 8 cups fish stock (click for recipe) or low-sodium chicken broth

Rouille

  • 1 large jarred roasted red bell pepper, peeled, coarsely chopped
  • 1 cup (packed) crustless 1/2-inch cubes soft white bread
  • 1 large egg yolk
  • 1 large garlic clove, sliced
  • 1/8 teaspoon (or more) cayenne pepper
  • 1/2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon (or more) fresh lemon juice
  • Kosher salt, freshly ground pepper

Assembly

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1/2 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes
  • 6 pounds mussels, scrubbed, debearded
  • 1 tablespoon Pernod or other anise-flavored liqueur
  • 3 tablespoons coarsely chopped flat-leaf parsley
  • Garlic toast

Preparation

Bouillabaisse Broth

  • Heat oil in a large heavy pot over medium-high heat. Add onions; season with salt and pepper. Cook, stirring occasionally, until onions are soft and light golden brown, about 10 minutes. Add leeks, next 5 ingredients, and 1 teaspoon salt. Cook, stirring often, for 5 minutes. Add wine; cook until reduced by half, about 2 minutes. Add stock. Bring to a boil, reduce heat, and gently simmer for 15 minutes.
  • Season broth to taste with salt and pepper. Remove from heat; discard thyme sprigs and bay leaves. DO AHEAD Broth can be made 1 day ahead. Let cool slightly; chill, uncovered, until cold. Cover; keep chilled.

Rouille

  • Purée first 4 ingredients and 1/8 teaspoon cayenne in a food processor, occasionally scraping down sides of bowl, until a smooth paste forms. With motor running, slowly drizzle in oil until a thick mayonnaise-like emulsion forms. Transfer to a medium bowl. Whisk in 1 tablespoon lemon juice; season with salt, pepper, and more cayenne and lemon juice, if desired. Cover; chill for at least 1 hour while flavors meld. DO AHEAD Rouille can be made 3 hours ahead. Keep chilled.

Assembly

  • If chilled, rewarm bouillabaisse broth; cover and set aside.
  • Meanwhile, place oil in a pot large enough to hold all mussels; heat over medium-high heat. Add garlic and red pepper flakes; cook, stirring constantly, until sizzling but not brown, 10–15 seconds. Add mussels, increase heat to high, and stir until evenly coated. Add Pernod; cover pot. Steam mussels, stirring once or twice, until they open, 7–10 minutes (depending on size of pot; discard any mussels that do not open). Stir in parsley and hot bouillabaisse broth. Ladle mussels and broth into bowls. Serve with rouille and garlic toast (rouille can be added to broth and spread on toast).

Bonappetit

Evermeeting

evermeeting reviewEvermeeting is a distinctive app for iOS operating systems and mobile devices that completely eliminates the need for paper and pen, often used by business professionals. It is an app meant to improve your productivity, as it provides a variety of features to allow transcription, note taking, scheduling tasks and appointments, recording of online meetings, and many more benefits. Evermeeting comes with a long list of exclusive features that make the app a business professionals’ best friend.

 

Get Rid Of Your Pen And Paper With Evermeeting

The creators of Evermeeting had a goal of making meetings and other important business operations a more simplified process. By giving users the ability to record meetings, they have instant documentation that lets them create detailed notes and summaries, without having to use a pen and paper for note taking. Key points are automatically recorded with the app’s recording feature, and can even be transcribed with Evermeeting. Other features include schedules, tasks, detailed agendas, and a way to take notes quickly and easily if you choose to do so.

An App Suitable For All iPod And iPad Users

Evermeeting is ideal for business professionals who are in charge of documenting the key points in business meetings, but it can be used by anyone who needs to record and keep documentation of important events. Evermeeting is available on all mobile devices with iOS operating systems, including the iPhone and iPad as well as the iPod Touch. Since all of these mobile devices have touch screen capabilities, it makes it easy to check your schedule, tick off tasks you have completed, and take notes.

Capture Audio With Minimal Fuss

Not only does Evermeeting include a high-tech recording system, but the app is also cloud-based making it easy to access and share with others. If you’re in charge of documenting the key points and important discussions of corporate meetings, then you can use the app for recording and documenting the meeting, use it to assist you in transcribing the important issues, and share it with your co-workers and colleagues. Furthermore, Evermeeting does not limit storage space on your device or include time limits during recording sessions; you don’t have to worry about losing the audio you so carefully recorded. With Evermeeting, you are also able to link the recorded audio with your own notes, and combine them for exceptional transcription.

The Basics: What Does It Look Like?

The iPad and iPhone versions of Evermeeting are incredibly easy to use, with an interface that is easy on the eye, and user-friendly database. When you open the application and view the timeline, you will be able to view everything that has occurred within a specific meeting, including when the recording started, any notes you took during the meeting, and when the recording stopped. The left-hand side shows you previous meetings that have been recorded.

Evermeeting review

 

Taking notes during Evermeetings is easy to do with the touch-screen feature of iPads and iPhones. Simply pull up the notes feature and a touch-screen keyboard will appear. It has large keys that are easy to press and be able to take quick notes.

Evermeeting Review

You can also change a variety of settings for your meetings and recordings. You can adjust setting for the Wi-Fi feature, change the type of transcription, turn recording bip on or off, change the settings of the symbol dictionary and other optional settings.

Evermeeting Review

Key Features Of Evermeeting

A variety of features are included with the Evermeeting app, which go beyond the basic recording feature. With Evermeeting you have the ability to easily take notes, create and insert tasks, make a detailed agenda that can be shared with others on the cloud-based system, introduce marks, and share any information you capture or create with people on your contact list. The audio recording system is also on a cloud, which has the highest quality transcription, a playback system that is automatically linked to the timeline of the meeting, and audio upload with Wi-Fi connectivity.

Will It Fit Your Budget?

Evermeeting is currently in its early stages of production; therefore right now it is a completely free app for your iPhone, iPad and other iOS mobile devices. It may possibly have future updates which will require purchasing the updated version of the app, but for now you can try it free of charge.

Getapp

UN warns over impact of rapidly ageing populations

Elderly people work out with wooden dumb-bells in Tokyo, Japan

Japan is the only country at present where 30% of the population are over 60

 

The world needs to do more to prepare for the impact of a rapidly ageing population, the UN has warned – particularly in developing countries.

Within 10 years the number of people aged over 60 will pass one billion, a report by the UN Population Fund said.

The demographic shift will present huge challenges to countries’ welfare, pension and healthcare systems.

The UN agency also said more had to be done to tackle “abuse, neglect and violence against older persons”.

The number of older people worldwide is growing faster than any other age group.

The report, Ageing in the 21st Century: A Celebration and a Challenge, estimates that one in nine people around the world are older than 60.

The elderly population is expected to swell by 200 million in the next decade to surpass one billion, and reach two billion by 2050.

This rising proportion of older people is a consequence of success – improved nutrition, sanitation, healthcare, education and economic well-being are contributing factors, the report says.

But the UN and a charity that also contributed to the report, HelpAge International, say the ageing population is being widely mismanaged.

“In many developing countries with large populations of young people, the challenge is that governments have not put policies and practices in place to support their current older populations or made enough preparations for 2050,” the agencies said in a joint statement.

‘Cast out’

The report warns that the skills and experience of older people are being wasted, with many under-employed and vulnerable to discrimination.

HelpAge said more countries needed to introduce pension schemes to ensure economic independence and reduce poverty in old age. It stressed that it was not enough to simply pass legislation – the new schemes needed to be funded properly.

The UN report used India as an example, saying it needed to take urgent steps in this area.

Almost two-thirds of India’s population is under 30. But it also has 100 million elderly people – a figure that is expected to increase threefold by 2050.

Traditionally, people in India live in large, extended families and elderly people have been well looked after. But the trend now is to have smaller, nuclear families and many of the country’s elderly are finding themselves cast out, says the BBC’s Sanjoy Majumder in Delhi.

There are more and more cases of physical and mental abuse, including neglect, suffered by the elderly at the hands of their families.

It is slowly becoming a widespread social problem, particularly in urban areas, one which India still has not got to grips with, our correspondent says.

By contrast, the UN report cited the case of Bolivia as an example of good practice in the developing world. All Bolivians over the age of 60 get a pension that is the equivalent of about $30 (£19) a month.

Bolivia suffers from frequent flooding and landslides, and older people there have been organised into “Brigadas Blancas” – White Haired Brigades. They help with preparations for emergencies, and accessing humanitarian aid.

BBC

Hip resurfacing prone to failure, say doctors

Hip resurfacing

The head of the thigh bone and the socket of the pelvis is replaced with metal parts (yellow) in resurfacing

An operation used instead of a full hip replacement has a high failure rate and, in most instances, should no longer be offered, warn doctors.

Their advice is based on figures from the largest database on hip surgery.

Hip resurfacing – where the damaged bone is capped rather than replaced – is often recommended for younger, active patients who will need more surgery as the joint continues to wear.

Medical regulators say they will look at the Lancet journal findings.

The UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has already advised annual checks for people with large head metal-on-metal full hip replacements due to safety concerns. It is thought tiny pieces of metal can break off and leak into the blood.

The current study did not look at the safety of the metal resurfacing implants, although the researchers say there could be the same theoretical safety risk as with metal-on-metal hips.

Resurfacing failure rates in women were unacceptably high”

Prof Ashley Blom Lead researcher

Instead it looked at failure rates with metal-on-metal resurfacing – where the socket and ball of the hip bone has a metal surface applied to it rather than being totally replaced.

About seven in every 100 hip patients go for resurfacing rather than a full hip replacement, although the rate has been decreasing in recent years.

Some 32,000 people in England and Wales had this type of surgery between April 2003 and September 2011.

The Bristol University team looked at the National Joint Registry data to see how many of these implants failed in the first seven years after surgery and how they compared with conventional full or “total” hip replacements.

‘Not for women’

The resurfacing implants failed more quickly than total hip replacements.

The five-year failure rate was about 5% on average compared with less than 2% for total hip replacement.

The failure rate in women was so high – up to five times greater – that the researchers believe resurfacing implants should never be used in women.

Similar, they should not be recommended to men – the only exception is men with particularly large hip bones who appear to fare as well with resurfacing as with a total hip replacement, say the researchers.

For some patients a resurfacing hip implant may be the most clinically appropriate implant for them”

Dr Nicola Lennard MHRA

They estimate that a quarter of men may have bones large enough for resurfacing.

Prof Ashley Blom, who led the investigation said: “Resurfacing failure rates in women were unacceptably high. In view of these findings, we recommend that resurfacing procedures are not undertaken in women.”

He said decisions about resurfacing procedures in men should be made carefully and only after measuring the size of the bones that are to be repaired or replaced.

But he said any person who has already been fitted with one should not be alarmed by the findings.

An advantage to resurfacing is that it is less invasive than a total hip replacement and leaves you with a greater range of movement after surgery.

New, stronger materials for prosthetics are being developed that will allow longer wear and better joint mobility.

Between April 2010 to April 2011, the NHS performed just over 70,000 hip replacements in England.

Dr Nicola Lennard, of the MHRA, said: “Decisions about what hip implants to use in patients are made by clinicians after careful consideration of the risks and benefits for each individual patient.

“For some patients a resurfacing hip implant may be the most clinically appropriate implant for them.”

She said the MHRA was continuing to closely monitor all the latest evidence about these implants.

BBC

GM cows make ‘low allergy’ milk

Daisy the genetically modified cow

Daisy the cow has been genetically modified to produce different milk

 

By James Gallagher Health and science reporter, BBC News

A genetically modified cow that produces milk less likely to cause allergic reactions has been engineered by New Zealand scientists.

Up to 3% of infants are allergic to cows’ milk in their first year of life.

The modified cow produced milk without beta-lactoglobulin – a whey protein to which some people are allergic.

The study has been labelled a “milestone” by one scientist, but some campaign groups say it raises ethical concerns.

There are important differences between a woman’s breast milk and cows’ milk, such as beta-lactoglobulin, which is found in milk from cows but not people.

The researchers, at AgResearch and the University Waikato in New Zealand, said: “It is not surprising that is constitutes a major milk allergen.”

Interference

The instructions for making the beta-lactoglobulin protein are contained in genes in the cow’s DNA.

image of David Shukman Analysis David Shukman Science editor, BBC News

Silencing the gene responsible for the allergenic protein Betalactoglobulin (BLG) is a clever approach to making cow’s milk more palatable. But several difficult challenges stand between this achievement and a product that parents might feed to their infants.

The mystery of Daisy’s missing tail is just one of those. It won’t affect the milk obviously but it’s the kind of flaw that may leave many people feeling uneasy – and anti-GM campaigners will highlight it.

Then the New Zealand scientists must try to breed from Daisy. Only by creating a herd will there be any chance of making this advance commercially viable. If – and there’s no guarantee – she does produce offspring, all eyes will be on their milk to see if it too lacks BLG like that of her mother’s.

The final test is public acceptance, easier in some countries than others, researchers once again questioning people’s appetite for the fruits of novel science.

The scientists added extra genetic material to disrupt the manufacturing process using a technique called RNA interference.

The resulting calf was born without a tail, however, the researchers say that is “unlikely” to be because of the genetic modification.

It has not yet become pregnant and produced milk normally so the scientists used hormones to jump-start milk production.

Writing in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers said: “All milk samples from the transgenic calf were devoid of any detectable beta-lactoglobulin.”

They concluded the technique was an “efficient tool” for modifying livestock.

Prof Keith Campbell, from the University of Nottingham, who was part of the team that cloned Dolly the sheep said the test would be how long the genetic modification would last.

He said the researchers would need to show the effect lasted throughout the lifetime of each cow and was passed on through several generations.

He added: “It’s very interesting and its another way of showing the technology can be pushed forward with potentially useful outcomes.

“There are zero risks in my opinion. If it was poisonous, the animal would be dead.”

Bruce Whitelaw, a professor of animal biotechnology at the University of Edinburgh, said: “This is notable since it represents one of the few RNA interference success stories in mammals.

“RNA interference has a long history of successful application in diverse species from plants to worm – this is the first spectacular report for livestock.

“Time will tell how widely applicable RNA interference will be in GM livestock – but this is certainly a milestone study in this field.”

Pete Riley, from the group GM Freeze, said: “Before this goes any further, they need to establish what the cause of the defect in the calf was, as there is a possible link to the GM approach.”

He said the depth of understanding about the role of genes and how they interact was too weak and that more basic research still needed to be done.

“We can learn a lot by looking at less complicated organisms than cattle,” he said.

BBC

Salmonella in Netherlands and US from Dutch smoked fish

Salmonella bacteria

Salmonella infection causes diarrhoea, cramps and sometimes fever and vomiting

 

Scores of people in the Netherlands and the US have caught salmonella after eating Dutch smoked salmon, say Dutch health authorities.

About 200 people have fallen ill in the Netherlands along with about 100 people in the US, said the National Institute for Public Health (RIVM).

An RIVM official told the BBC that this could be the “tip of the iceberg”.

Smoked salmon made by the Dutch fish producer Foppen is being taken off the shelves.

Foppen supplies major supermarket chains including large retailer Albert Heijn, said the Dutch food safety authority, the NVWA.

“Some 200 people have fallen ill through contaminated salmon” in the Netherlands, said the RIVM, while about 100 people in the US are infected “by the same type of salmonella”.

But this was “probably the tip of the iceberg”, the institute’s Hareld Wychgel told the BBC – “the real number of infected people is likely to be much higher”.

Smoked salmon produced by Foppen has been taken off the shelves in the Netherlands, and an international recall targeting salmon sold in the US was being prepared.

In a statement on its website, Foppen offered its “sincere apologies for any inconvenience”.

Infection normally causes diarrhoea, abdominal cramps and sometimes fever and vomiting, says the UK’s Health Protection Agency.

The symptoms usually clear up in four to seven days, but in some cases treatment may be required for dehydration.

BBC

心臟病患者適度飲酒 房顫風險照增

研究報告顯示,60歲以上患有心臟病的病患,即使適度飲酒仍有可能增加引發房顫的風險。(CBC)

「加拿大醫學會雜誌」(Canadian Medical Association Journal)最新報告指出,年齡在60歲以上患有心臟病或糖尿病的老年人,即使適度飲酒,仍可能增加引發房顫(atrial fibrillation)的風險。房顫是心律失常病癥中最普遍的一種。

報告指出,年齡在60歲或以上的老年人,如果曾犯過心臟病、中風、血管硬化或第二型糖尿病,應格外小心日常飲酒量。

咸 美頓麥克馬斯特大學(McMaster University)醫學教授Koon Teo表示,很多人長久以來收到的訊息是,每日適量喝上一兩杯酒有益心臟健康,但這份報告告訴人們,即便適當飲酒可能也「並沒有那麼好」。Koon Teo表示,根據試驗結果,自己以後會告訴病人,每天喝酒少於兩杯好過每日飲酒超過兩杯。

醫務人員為研究出控制高血壓與充血性心臟衰竭的治療方案,展開兩個大型臨床實驗並從中獲得了分析數據。參與臨床實驗的是來自40個國家的3萬多名患者,年齡中值是66歲,跟蹤時間歷時四年半。

科研人員目的是希望找出引起房顫的風險因素,患有房顫的病患通常會抱怨心律不齊,或出現頭暈及氣喘等癥狀。加拿大約有35萬人患有房顫這種疾病,而房顫往往會引起中風。房顫病患中風的概率是其他人的三到五倍。

不過,多倫多新寧醫院朱力克( David Juurlink)說,值得注意的是,這份研究報告只是確認了飲酒與患上房顫之間的一些聯繫,並不能證明是飲酒引起房顫。

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