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Archive for September 11, 2012

Sautéed Broccoli with Floret Vinaigrette

Humble broccoli stems get their due in this light second course, which would also make a great side dish. Just trim the sweet stalks into spears. Lightly sear them, then drizzle with a dressing made from the charred florets. You’ll need eight large bunches of broccoli with thick stems (yes, eight!), which will leave you with leftover florets. Why not use them to make broccoli soup?


  • 8 bunches broccoli with large, thick stems
  • 3 tablespoons grapeseed or vegetable oil, divided
  • Kosher salt, freshly ground pepper
  • 2 tablespoons minced shallot
  • 2 tablespoons Sherry vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons finely grated lemon zest
  • 1 cup extra-virgin olive oil


  • Preheat oven to 450°. Remove tender leaves from broccoli stems; wash leaves and set aside. Separate florets from large stems. Leaving some stem attached, cut enough florets into 1″ pieces to measure 4 cups (set aside remaining florets for another use).
  • Cut bottom 1″ from stems and discard. Using a vegetable peeler, remove woody outer layer to expose the pale-green center (you’ll need to remove 2–3 layers). Quarter stems lengthwise. With the tip of a paring knife, make shallow crosshatches into flat sides, if desired (this increases surface area, allowing broccoli to absorb more flavor).
  • Place florets on a rimmed baking sheet; drizzle with 2 Tbsp. grapeseed oil and toss to coat. Season with salt and pepper. Roast florets, turning once, until charred, 15–20 minutes. Let cool; mince florets. Whisk shallot, vinegar, and lemon zest in a medium bowl. Gradually whisk in olive oil, then minced florets. Season vinaigrette to taste with salt and pepper.
  • Toss broccoli stems and remaining 1 Tbsp. grapeseed oil in a large bowl. Heat a large skillet over medium-high heat. Working in batches, sear stems on all sides until browned in spots and crisp-tender, 3–4 minutes per batch. Divide among plates. Drizzle with vinaigrette and garnish with reserved broccoli leaves.


9/11 cancer victims to have treatment funded

The towers of the World Trade Center pour out smoke shortly after being struck by hijacked airliners in New York in this 11 September 2001 file photograph

The US federal government has added about 50 types of cancer to the list of illnesses to be covered by a 9/11 health treatment programme.

The decision entitles 70,000 surviving emergency service workers and other survivors to free care.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety announced the change on the eve of the attacks’ 11th anniversary.

Some 1,000 deaths have been linked to illnesses caused by toxic dust issuing from wreckage at Ground Zero.

Construction workers, emergency workers, office cleaners and others all fell ill in the decade after the attacks.

The institute said last June that it was in favour of expanding the existing $4.3bn 9/11 health programme to include people with 50 types of cancer, following a recommendation from an advisory committee.

Cancers to be covered include lung, colorectal, breast, bladder, leukaemia, melanoma and all childhood cancers.

The medical coverage comes under the Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act, which was signed into law by President Barack Obama last year.

Until now, most of the health compensation was for respiratory diseases linked to the toxic dust and fumes from the fallen towers.

John Howard, administrator of the World Trade Center Health Program established by the Zadroga law, said Monday’s announcement marked “an important step in the effort to provide needed treatment and care to 9/11 responders and survivors”.

New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said in a statement the decision would “continue to ensure that those who have become ill due to the heinous attacks on 9/11 get the medical care they need and deserve”.

The compensation has been held up by a dispute over whether there was evidence of a direct link between the World Trade Center tragedy and cancer.


Diabetes warning for people of Asian, African and Caribbean descent

By James GallagherHealth and science reporter, BBC News

Blood sugar test
Scientists are trying to find out why some ethnic groups much more likely to develop diabetes

British people of South Asian, African or African Caribbean descent are significantly more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than their European counterparts, researchers have warned.

Half had developed the disease by the age of 80 in a study of 4,200 people living in London – approximately twice the figure for Europeans.

The researchers said the rates were “astonishingly high”.

The findings were published in the journal Diabetes Care.

Losing control of blood sugar levels increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and amputations. Type 2 diabetes is often linked to lifestyle and diet.

Some ethnic groups are already known to have a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes. However, one of the researchers at Imperial College London, Dr Therese Tillin, said it may be down to them simply getting the disease earlier in their lives and the figures would even out over time.

But the study showed: “The rates don’t slow down as you get older. The astonishing difference continues,” Dr Tillin said.

People from these communities should be screened earlier than the general population – from the age of 25 rather than 40”

Dr Iain FrameDiabetes UK

She warned this could be a sign of things to come with the potential for soaring levels of diabetes around the world as more people lived in cities and enjoyed a calorie-rich diet.


The scientists involved said that fat, particularly around the waist, could explain some, but not all of the difference, between the ethnicities.

Fellow researcher, Dr Nish Chaturvedi, said genetics could not explain the difference either as there were similar levels of “risky genes” across all groups.

She said: “There is something else that puts them at higher risk and we’re not sure what that is.”

Dr Mike Knapton, from the British Heart Foundation and a GP, said: “Awareness is really low considering the magnitude of the problem, even I’m surprised by the figures.”

He also warned that failing to deal with diabetes would have huge financial consequences for the NHS.

The director of research at Diabetes UK, Dr Iain Frame, said it was “even more important” for people at high risk to manage their weight.

He said: “People from these communities should be screened earlier than the general population – from the age of 25 rather than 40.

“People need to know their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and get diagnosed as early as possible. We know that people from South Asian backgrounds can often be living with the condition for around 10 years before they are diagnosed, which increases the risk of complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and amputation.


Hay fever vaccine: New method could be ‘cheaper and better’

By James GallagherHealth and science reporter, BBC News

Woman sneezing in a field of flowers

Sneezing through summer with a runny nose could become a thing of the past if researchers in London are successful at developing a new hay fever vaccine.

The researchers, at Imperial College London and King’s College London, say their “targeted” approach could lead to a cheaper and more effective vaccine.

In tests, they have injected into a layer of skin on patients they think is a “hotline” to the immune system.

Allergy UK said it was a very exciting development.

Treatment for hay fever is largely through drugs such as antihistamines or steroids. In very severe cases, tablets or injections of pollen under the skin can be given. The doses are gradually increased over three years to boost tolerance to pollen. However, the treatment is expensive.

The research team are trying much shallower injections into a part of the skin packed with white blood cells, part of the immune system. They argue their targeted approach means they can use tiny amounts of pollen – their dose is 2,000 times smaller than current injections – and also need fewer injections.

“It is a totally different route,” Dr Stephen Till told the BBC. “The injections are very, very superficial almost flat against the skin.”


The results of early tests on 30 patients, published in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, suggested the allergic reaction to grass pollen decreased with the vaccine.

A third of the patients were given six injections a fortnight apart. Initially the injection resulted in a large lump on the skin, but over time the size of the lump decreased.

The researchers said this suggested the allergic reaction to grass pollen was being switched off.

They are now starting a clinical trial with 90 patients to see if the vaccine can also reduce other symptoms such as sneezing.

Patrick Sachon explains how the Met Office counts pollen from the roof and labs of King’s College London

Dr Till said: “If this approach proves to be effective it would define a new scientific and clinical principle that could also be applied to other allergic diseases such as asthma and food allergies.

“This could be a pivotal study in immunological research.”

Maureen Jenkins, the director of clinical services at the charity Allergy UK, said this was a “very exciting development” which “offers hope for sufferers”.

She added: “The proposed vaccine, if successful, is much quicker and more straightforward than current immunotherapy treatment for hay fever, which takes years. It also has the potential to offer cost savings.

“If this series of injections proves effective in combating hay fever, it will be a wonderful step forward in tackling this common, but often underestimated allergy.”

A separate vaccine would have to be developed to help people with allergies to tree pollen.


Swallowed toothpick causes blood poisoning


The woman developed complications after swallowing a toothpick

A woman developed severe blood poisoning and a liver abscess after inadvertently swallowing a toothpick.

The toothpick perforated her gullet and lodged in a lobe of her liver.

The patient, who is not being identified, has now recovered after having the toothpick removed.

Such cases are rare, but the report, published by the British Medical Journal, says doctors need to look out for signs of “foreign bodies”, as detection can be challenging.

It is one of thousands of cases being logged at BMJ Case Reports, an online resource to allow doctors to share information about the treatment of difficult or unusual cases.

Swallowing foreign bodies is relatively common, particularly among children.


But the subsequent development of a liver abscess was rare, the authors, from Bristol’s Frenchay Hospital and Halifax University in Canada, said.

The condition has mostly been associated with inadvertently swallowing pins, nails, fish and chicken bones, rather than toothpicks.

But the authors said toothpicks could be “difficult to deal with effectively, because they don’t show up on conventional X-rays and symptoms are often non-specific and remote”.

In this particular case, the woman was admitted to hospital with generalised gut pain and fever, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure.

An abdominal ultrasound scan revealed a liver abscess and the presence of a toothpick lodged in her liver. She subsequently developed breathing difficulties and an infection as a result of blood poisoning and had to be admitted to intensive care.

After treatment with antibiotics, she recovered and the toothpick was removed using keyhole surgery, after which all her symptoms cleared.

In another case on a similar theme in BMJ Case Reports, a surgical swab left inside the abdomen after surgery only came to light when the patient experienced persistent changes in her normal bowel habit.

The swab was clearly visible on a computerised tomography (CT) scan. Removal of the swab resolved her symptoms.













该研究发表在《PLOS ONE》杂志上。







自然療法博士菲立古瑪(Dr.Dhilip Kumar)重申,“笑"是免費的最佳抗老化的方法,因為它會幫助大腦分泌“安多酚"(endorphin),這是一種腦內嗎啡,可讓人產生愉快、減輕身心疼痛的物質。而呼吸是笑裡頭不可或缺的一部份,意思是說,怎樣笑和呼吸將決定我們是否“笑對了",笑對了就能使身心處在愉悅狀態,活力及健康也就能與我們在一起。
























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