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Archive for June 6, 2012

Honey Orange BBQ Chicken

Ingredients

Marinade:

  • 1/2 cup freshly squeezed orange juice
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 1/4 cup hot sauce
  • 1/4 cup Dijon mustard
  • 1 tablespoon grated orange zest
  • 1 (4 pound chicken) cut into 10 pieces, patted dry with paper towels

Glaze:

  • 4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) butter
  • 1/4 cup honey
  • 1/4 cup freshly squeezed orange Juice
  • 1/4 cup Neely’s BBQ sauce
  • 1 tablespoon grated orange zest
  • 2 tablespoons Dijon mustard
  • 1/4 teaspoon allspice

Directions

Mix the orange juice, olive oil, hot sauce, mustard, and orange zest together in a large bowl. Add the chicken and toss to combine. Cover with plastic wrap and let marinate for at least 1 hour and up to overnight in the refrigerator.

Prepare the grill to medium direct heat. Let chicken come to room temperature before grilling.

Drain the chicken from the marinade and pat dry. Grill on each side for 5 minutes, then turn the heat to medium-low and cover the lid of the grill. Continue cooking the chicken until it’s cooked through, about 25 minutes more.

While the chicken is grilling, melt the butter in a small saucepan on the grill. Whisk in the honey, orange juice, BBQ sauce, zest, mustard and allspice. Reserve some of the glaze in a small ramekin for serving.

Brush the chicken pieces with glaze, then flip the chicken, glaze side down, and cook for 2 minutes. Brush second side of the chicken with glaze and flip again. Continue cooking for 3 more minutes. Remove the chicken from grill to a platter and serve with reserved glaze.

foodnetwork

Blueberry Crumble Pie

We love how the cinnamon-scented streusel topping lets the juicy berries peek through.


Ingredients
Crust

1 1/4 cups unbleached all-purpose flour plus more for surface
1/2 cup (1 stick) chilled unsalted butter, cut into 1/2″ cubes
1/2 teaspoon kosher salt

Filling and Topping

2/3 cup plus 3 tablespoons sugar
2 1/2 tablespoons cornstarch
1 teaspoon finely grated lemon zest plus 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
5 cups (1 pound 10 ounces) fresh blueberries
3/4 cup unbleached all-purpose flour
3 tablespoons (packed) light brown sugar
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon salt
5 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted, cooled slightly

special equipment:
Use a 9″-9 1/2″-diameter glass or metal pie dish. You will need pie weights or dried beans to bake the crust.

Preparation
CRUST

Pulse 1 1/4 cups flour, butter, and salt in a food processor until mixture resembles coarse meal with some pea-size pieces remaining. Drizzle 3 tablespoons ice water over mixture. Pulse until moist clumps form, adding more water by teaspoonfuls if mixture is dry. Transfer dough to a lightly floured work surface. Divide into 4 equal pieces. Working with 1 piece at a time, use the heel of your hand to smear each portion of dough twice in a forward motion to distribute butter. Gather all 4 dough pieces into a ball. Flatten into a disk, wrap in plastic, and chill dough until firm, at least 1 hour. DO AHEAD Dough can be made up to 2 days ahead. Keep chilled.
Roll out dough on a lightly floured surface to a 13″ round. Transfer to pie dish, gently pressing dough onto bottom and up sides of dish. Fold overhang under and crimp edges decoratively. Pierce bottom of crust in several places with a fork, then chill until firm, about 30 minutes.
Line a large baking sheet with foil and place on a rack in middle of oven; preheat to 375°. Line crust with parchment paper or foil and fill with pie weights. Bake until crust is set, about 20 minutes. Carefully remove parchment and pie weights. Bake until crust is pale golden, about 12 minutes longer. Transfer crust to a wire rack; let cool.

FILLING AND TOPPING

Whisk 2/3 cup sugar, cornstarch, and lemon zest in a large bowl. Add blueberries and lemon juice; toss gently to coat and evenly distribute. Let filling stand, tossing occasionally, until berries release their juices, 20-30 minutes.
Whisk flour, remaining 3 tablespoons sugar, light brown sugar, cinnamon, and salt in a medium bowl. Add melted butter; mix topping with fingertips to blend.

ASSEMBLY

Preheat oven to 375°. Spoon blueberry filling into crust, then sprinkle topping over. Bake pie until filling is bubbling and topping is golden, about 1 hour 15 minutes. Cover with foil after 30 minutes if browning too fast.
Let pie cool on a wire rack. DO AHEAD Can be made 8 hours ahead. Let stand at room temperature.

Read More Bonappetit

Iron pills may help women beat fatigue

Tired woman

Iron deficiency is the leading cause of anaemia

Prescribing iron supplements may help some women with fatigue even if they are not officially anaemic, Swiss researchers suggest.

A severe shortage of iron is the most common cause of anaemia resulting in lethargy, weakness and feeling faint.

A study of 198 women, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, showed iron pills may also help those with moderately low iron levels too.

Taking too much iron, however, can be dangerous.

The researchers looked at reproductive age women, between 18 and 53, as menstruation is known to lower iron levels.

They said unexplained fatigue was a common problem in doctors’ surgeries, but it was as yet unknown whether iron supplements could help these women.

‘Improvement’

Nearly 200 women reporting fatigue, with no medical explanation, took part in the study. Half were given 80mg oral iron tablets every day, while half were given sugar pills.

Medical “fatigue scores” were recorded before treatment and after 12 weeks of taking the medication.

One of the researchers, Dr Bernard Favrat from the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, said: “We found that iron supplementation for 12 weeks decreased fatigue [scores] by 50%.

“Iron deficiency may be an under-recognised cause of fatigue in women of child-bearing age.

“For women with unexplained, prolonged fatigue, iron deficiency should be considered.”

Rick Miller, a spokesman for the British Dietetic Association, warned that taking too much iron could result in major organ failure.

He said: “First and foremost, fatigue is multifactorial – it’s never just one root cause or micronutrient.”

He said fatigue was not fully understood and other factors such as exercise, diet and sleep patterns played a role.

However, he added: “I think the study has some validity, but taking everything into consideration is key.”

BBC

Exercise ‘no help for depression’, research suggests

Woman jogging

At present, the NHS can refer patients for a course of supervised exercise sessions

 

Combining exercise with conventional treatments for depression does not improve recovery, research suggests.

In the NHS-funded study – published in the British Medical Journal – some patients were given help to boost their activity levels in addition to receiving therapy or anti-depressants.

After a year all 361 patients had fewer signs of depression, but there was no difference between the two groups.

Current guidelines suggest sufferers do up to three exercise sessions a week.

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (Nice) drew up that advice in 2004.

At the time it said that on the basis of the research available, increased physical activity could help those with mild depression.

Physical benefits

The latest study, carried out by teams from the Universities of Bristol and Exeter, looked at how that might actually work in a real clinical setting.

 

Many patients suffering from depression would prefer not to have to take traditional anti-depressant medication”

Prof John Campbell Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry

All 361 people taking part were given conventional treatments appropriate to their level of depression.

But for eight months some in a randomly allocated group were also given up advice on up to 13 separate occasions on how to increase their level of activity.

It was up to individual patients what activity they chose to increase and by how much.

This approach produced good results in terms of encouraging people to do more over a sustained period of time – something which could have benefits to their general physical health.

But at the end of a year, researchers found no additional reduction in the symptoms of depression in the more active group.

Prof John Campbell, from the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, which also took part in the study, said: “Many patients suffering from depression would prefer not to have to take traditional anti-depressant medication, preferring instead to consider alternative non-drug based forms of therapy.

“Exercise and activity appeared to offer promise as one such treatment, but this carefully designed research study has shown that exercise does not appear to be effective in treating depression.”

But he added that GPs were often faced with patients with a number of health problems for whom encouraging an active lifestyle might be of overall benefit.

At present, the NHS can refer patients for a course of supervised exercise sessions as part of treatment for a number of illnesses, including depression.

These findings are therefore likely to be taken into account when Nice next reviews its guidelines.

The research was funded by the National Institute for Health Research, a government-backed programme.

BBC

Health risks of cannabis ‘underestimated’, experts warn

Man smoking a joint
Young people are least aware of the risks

Experts are warning that the public dangerously underestimates the health risks linked to smoking cannabis.

The British Lung Foundation carried out a survey of 1,000 adults and found a third wrongly believed cannabis did not harm health.

And 88% incorrectly thought tobacco cigarettes were more harmful than cannabis ones – when the risk of lung cancer is actually 20 times higher.

The BLF said the lack of awareness was “alarming”.

Widely used

Latest figures show that 30% of 16-59 year-olds in England and Wales have used cannabis in their lifetimes.

A new report from the BLF says there are established scientific links between smoking cannabis and tuberculosis, acute bronchitis and lung cancer.

Cannabis has also been shown to increase chances of developing mental health problems such as schizophrenia.

Part of the reason for this, say the experts, is that people smoking cannabis take deeper puffs and hold them for longer than when smoking tobacco cigarettes.

This is not a niche problem”

Dame Helena Shovelton British Lung Foundation

This means that someone smoking a cannabis cigarette inhales four times as much tar as from a tobacco cigarette, and five times as much carbon monoxide, the BLF says.

Its survey found that young people are particularly unaware of the risks.

Almost 40% of the under-35s surveyed – the age group most likely to have smoked it – thought cannabis was not harmful.

However, each cannabis cigarette they smoke increases their chances of developing lung cancer by as much as an entire packet of 20 tobacco cigarettes, the BLF warned.

Its chief executive, Dame Helena Shovelton, said: “It is alarming that, while new research continues to reveal the multiple health consequences of smoking cannabis, there is still a dangerous lack of public awareness of quite how harmful this drug can be.

“This is not a niche problem – cannabis is one of the most widely-used recreational drugs in the UK, with almost a third of the population having tried it.

“We therefore need a serious public health campaign – of the kind that has helped raise awareness of the dangers of eating fatty foods or smoking tobacco – to finally dispel the myth that smoking cannabis is somehow a safe pastime.”

The BLF’s report says there should be a public education programme to raise awareness of the impact of smoking cannabis and increased investment in research into the health consequences of its use.

BBC

IVF ‘higher risk of complication’

Egg about to be injected with sperm

Egg about to be injected with sperm in IVF procedure
There is a higher risk of complications and multiple births in pregnancies that result from IVF techniques, say experts.

A report by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists said there were increased risks of premature births, low birth weight and congenital abnormalities.

However, it said the vast majority of IVF children were as healthy as other children.

IVF accounts for over 1% of UK births.

Advances in fertility research have allowed more infertile couples to have children and at an older age.

Risks

The Royal College’s Scientific Advisory Committee reviewed the risks of IVF, which it said were directly related to the number of foetuses and that IVF techniques appeared to double the risk of twins.

It said: “About one in four of all IVF pregnancies result in a multiple birth in the UK owing to the common practice of replacing two or three embryos.”

It also said there was a 23% increased risk of a premature birth, but the risk remained low.

“IVF pregnancies still demonstrate an increased risk of low birth weight,” it said.

Heart defects, cleft lips and other congenital anomalies are also more common. It said around 5% of all babies were diagnosed with an abnormality, but IVF babies were around a third more likely to have a problem.

Long term

Later in life, the report said there were no differences in brain, language or behavioural development and there “appears to be little impact at age 12”.

Prof Jenny Kurinczuk, director of the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit at the University of Oxford, said: “IVF pregnancies carry an increased risk of poor birth outcomes and complications. Nevertheless the majority of the children born following IVF will have a good outcome just like any other children.

“The poor birth outcomes and complications may be a combination of treatment and underlying features of the couple such as older maternal age. However, treatment strategies can be altered to improve outcomes such as the adoption of elective single embryo transfer.”

BBC

香港H5N1禽流感 證實為禽傳人

【聯合報╱記者黃文彥/即時報導】

2012.06.06 12:50 am

香港於上周確認一例H5N1禽流感個案,分析後證實感染原來自禽鳥,且相關接觸者鼻咽試紙均呈陰性反應。

一名居住於中國大陸廣東省珠海區的男童於上周五在香港檢出H5N1病毒;由於香港已近兩年為曾爆發H5N1禽流感,因此引發高度重視。

初步調查發現,男童曾於5月中到過居家附近的活禽市場,且病毒分析後發現,本病例與去年及今年從野鳥分離的病毒相同,因此研判病毒基因來自禽鳥。

此外,檢測男童父母及5名接觸者後,並未發現鼻咽試紙呈現陽性。

因應此次疫情,台灣也隨即啟動防治機制,包含加強機場發燒旅客篩檢等措施。

2003年迄今,全球已累計604例H5N1禽流感,並造成357人死亡,其中中國大陸確診42例,有28人死亡。

【2012/06/05 聯合報

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