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Archive for March 19, 2012

Pressed Mozzarella and Tomato Sandwich

No panini press needed: For the easiest Italian lunch, crusty bread, good cheese, and a couple of cans will do just fine. Look for ciabatta bread, bagged or in bins, at the deli or in the bakery section. Its floured, crusty exterior and dense interior are just right for pressed sandwiches.

  • Prep Time 10 minutes
  • Total Time 10 minutes, plus pressing
  • Yield Serves 2

 

Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons Dijon mustard
  • 1/2 cup oil-packed sun-dried tomatoes, drained, reserving 1 tablespoon oil
  • 1/2 loaf ciabatta bread (about 5 ounces), split horizontally and hollowed out
  • Romaine lettuce leaves
  • 6 ounces fresh mozzarella, sliced
  • 1/2 cup fresh flat-leaf parsley, leaves
  • Coarse salt and ground pepper

Directions

  1. In a small bowl, whisk together mustard and oil until thick; spread on bread. Layer bottom half of bread with some of the lettuce, then cheese, tomatoes, and parsley. Season with salt and pepper. Top with remaining lettuce and bread.
  2. Wrap sandwich tightly in plastic; place on a baking sheet. Top with another sheet, and weight down with canned goods or a heavy skillet. Refrigerate at least 1 hour and up to overnight to meld flavors. Cut in half, and serve.

 

Read More : MarthaStewart

Tostadas With Sweet and Hot Peppers and Eggs

This comforting topping is a kind of Mexican piperade.

1 small white onion or 1 bunch scallions, chopped

2 large red bell peppers, chopped

1 serrano or jalapeño pepper, seeded and minced (more to taste)

1 large garlic clove, minced

1/2 pound tomatoes, cut into small dice, or 1 cup canned diced tomatoes, drained

3 to 4 tablespoons chopped cilantro

Salt to taste

6 to 8 eggs

6 to 8 corn tortillas, cut in half and toasted in the microwave

1 cup thinly shredded cabbage (green or red) or romaine lettuce

Crumbled queso fresco or feta (optional)

1. Heat the oil over medium heat in a large nonstick skillet and add the onion or scallions. Cook, stirring, until tender, about 5 minutes for onion, 2 to 3 for scallions, and add the peppers, chili and garlic. Stir together until the garlic begins to smell fragrant, about 30 seconds, and add salt to taste. Continue to cook, stirring often, until the peppers are quite soft, about 8 minutes. Add the tomatoes and cook, stirring often, until the tomatoes have cooked down and are no longer watery, 8 to 10 minutes.

2. Beat the eggs in a bowl, season with salt and pepper, and add to the pepper mixture. Stir in the cilantro and cook, stirring over low heat, until the eggs are just set but still creamy. Remove from the heat and spoon onto the toasted tortillas. Top with shredded cabbage or lettuce, sprinkle with cheese if desired and serve.

Yield: 4 servings.

Advance preparation: The pepper mixture will keep for 5 days in the refrigerator. Reheat in a pan on top of the stove, then proceed with Step 2.

Read More : NYT

Art improves recovery from stroke

Rome: Patients who appreciate music, painting and theatre have better chances of recovery from stroke than patients who do not, says a new study. Stroke is the third cause of death or disability in the Western world. More and more older people are having strokes and undergoing recovery.

“We know that every six seconds there is a person affected by stroke in the world,” said study co-author Ercole Vellone, assistant professor in nursing science at the School of Nursing, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

“Identifying strategies to improve stroke recovery and patients` quality of life represent a priority for the healthcare system and art exposure seems to be promising,” added Vellone, according to a university statement.

For the research, 192 stroke survivors (average age 70 years) were asked if they liked or did not like art (music, painting, theatre). Quality of life was compared for patients interested in art (105) and patients not interested in art (87).

Patients interested in art had better general health, found it easier to walk, and had more energy. They were also happier, less anxious or depressed, and felt calmer.

They had better memory and were superior communicators – speaking with other people, understanding of what people said, naming people and objects correctly.

Vellone said: “Stroke survivors who saw art as an integrated part of their former lifestyle, by expressing appreciation towards music, painting and theatre, showed better recovery skills than those who did not.”

The research was presented at the 12th Annual Spring Meeting on Cardiovascular Nursing, in Copenhagen, Denmark.

IANS

Read More : ZeeNews India

Dutch create neighborhood for dementia patients

A neighborhood in the Dutch town of Weesp has been created to house people suffering from Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. It’s described as a pioneering approach to mental healthcare.

The population of the western world is ageing, leading to an increase in the number of people affected by Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. According to the organization, Alzheimer’s Disease International, one in 20 people above the age of 65 suffers from some form of dementia. That’s more than 35 million people in the world. It’s estimated this number will rise to 115 million in less than 40 years.

There’s no cure for this ailment, but there are treatments which can help ease the symptoms. In the Netherlands, a nursing home in the town of Weesp has gone a step further. It’s created a whole neighborhood for people suffering from dementia.

 

The main square at HogeweyHogewey’s residents can enjoy the outdoors

 

Hogewey looks like any other Dutch neighborhood. There are low apartment blocks facing large squares decorated with flowers, fountains and ponds. There are terraces, gardens and even a giant chess board.

Isabel van Zuthem, the communications advisor of the Hogewey project, says the idea is to provide a normal environment for the patients. “When you have Alzheimer’s, you walk around and have the feeling that you’re lost,” she says. “It’s very, very important that the surroundings, the atmosphere and the way things look are as normal as possible because that makes them feel comfortable.”

A choice of lifestyle

There are 23 houses at Hogewey; some are more up-market than others. They’re shared by five or six patients who have common interests. This allows the residents to continue the lifestyle they had before they fell ill. The houses are also categorized according to lifestyles, for instance “Christian,” “urban,” “traditional” or “cultural.” Depending on the house they live in, residents enjoy different types of meals, hobbies and schedules. For instance, the cultural lifestyle residents have a late breakfast on the weekends while the Christian patients make time for religious activities. There’s also a range of extra activities on offer from music clubs to gardening.

 

Hogewey's supermarketHogewey is a self-contained neighborhood

 

Each house has its own staff – up to four people. The team does all sorts of tasks from bathing the residents to doing their laundry, cooking their lunch or giving them a manicure. Nurse Clyde Maayen says they require constant supervision. “You can’t leave them alone because there are moments when they’re very depressed,” he says. “And if you don’t have people to take care of them at that moment then things can go wrong. Especially if they’re angry.”

Even at night when they’re sleeping, there’s a device which detects any movement in each house and alerts the nurses to anything suspicious. 240 people are employed at Hogewey – they’re not all nurses but they all know how to take care of the residents.

All the benefits of home

The neighborhood has its own supermarket, theatre and café-restaurant which are open to the general public as well. Communications advisor Isabel van Zuthem points out that normally in nursing homes it’s not possible for residents to go outside. But at Hogewey, she continues, “we’ve created a safe atmosphere and surroundings where people can just go outside and feel the rain on their head – not just see it through the window but actually feel it.”

One in every five Dutch people over the age of 65 suffers from Alzheimer’s. It’s the biggest healthcare cost in the country. Hogewey has been one of the government’s biggest investments in this field: it provided over 10 million euros for its construction. It’s believed to be the only dementia neighborhood in the world. But Switzerland has unveiled plans to build a similar project near Bern.

Author: Cintia Taylor / hs
Editor: Joanna Impey

Read More : dw.de

Obesity gene’s role revealed in mice study

Researchers believe they have identified why a mutation in a particular gene can lead to obesity.

Mouse experiments suggested the body’s message to “stop eating” was blocked if the animals had the mutation.

The study, published in Nature Medicine, said the brain’s response to appetite hormones was being disrupted.

The Georgetown University Medical Center researchers hope their findings could lead to new ways to control weight.

Many genes have been linked to obesity, one of them – brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene – has been shown to play a role in putting on weight in animal and some human studies.

However, scientists at the Georgetown University Medical Center said the explanation for this link was unknown.

Overeating

In studies on mice which had been genetically modified to have the mutation, the mice consumed up to 80% more food than normal.

After a meal, hormones such as insulin and leptin should tell the brain that the body is full and should stop eating. The researchers showed that in the mutated mice the message was not being passed on from the hormones in the blood to the correct part of the brain.

One of the researchers Prof Baoji Xu said: “If there is a problem with the BDNF gene, neurons can’t talk to each other, and the leptin and insulin signals are ineffective, and appetite is not modified.”

He said the discovery “may open up novel strategies to help the brain control body weight” such as finding a “drug that can stimulate BDNF expression”.

Prof Sadaf Farooqi, who studies the relationship between genes and obesity at the University of Cambridge, told the BBC: “Genes have a surprisingly large role, it’s often underestimated. Between 40 and 70% of the difference in weight between two individuals is due to genetics.”

She said completely disrupting the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene had been shown to lead to severe obesity. However, she cautioned that the study was “entirely in mice” and the mutation was “very rare” in people.

Read More : BBC

哈弗研究多吃白米增加糖尿病風險10% 對亞洲國家影響較重

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

根據研究人員分析過去的研究表明,經常食用白米會增加II型糖尿病的風險,尤其是白米食用較多的亞洲人群。

哈佛大學公共衛生學院博士孫琦表示,每天食用白米會增加糖尿病風險約10%。攝取穀類食品份量最大的人,其發展糖尿病風險達到27%。

“食用白米導致II型糖尿病風險增高,與亞洲人關系尤其密切。”研究作者寫道。

調查人員研究比較了中國、日本、美國和澳大利亞,觀察白米消耗是否與糖尿病有關。亞洲國家白米的日攝取量平均三到四次,西方國家每周約一至二次。

研究開始時352384名參與者均未發現糖尿病病情,但在跟蹤調查的4年至22年間,發現了13284例II型糖尿病患者。

雖然這項研究並不是為了說明白米是如何增加糖尿病風險的,但研究人員認為白米含血糖指數較高,而關系糖尿病風險低的纖維和鎂成分卻較低。因此白米會導致血糖水平突然飆升而引發糖尿病。

“雖然大米千百年來是亞洲人群的主食,但是他們久坐的生活方式和大米高攝取量更容易導致不利影響。還包括其他加工的糖類食物,如糕點,白面包和含糖飲料。”他們寫道。“即使在大米攝入量較少的西方國家,相對較高的大米攝入也會適度增加糖尿病風險。”

在隨後的社論中,澳大利亞悉尼大學的布魯斯·尼爾博士警告說,因為最新的研究是基於食物攝取頻率的問卷調查,受觀察本身的限制。對觀察到的這種聯系進行解釋,特別是對可能存在的因果關系進行裁定,是有問題的。

尼爾寫道,研究中不同人群大米攝入量在最高和最低水平之間變化很大。在獲取本質結果之前,還需要進行更為複雜的分析,分析應基於原始數據而不是分析後的數據。消耗白米對II型糖尿病的影響還遠未明確。

該研究結果發表在《英國醫學雜志》上。

然而過去的研究表明,所有II型糖尿病病例60%出現在亞洲國家,而且比起西方國家,這些患者年齡都更小,也沒有過於肥胖。這是根據2009年刊登在《美國醫藥協會》雜志宣稱的,依據1980年1月至2009年3月間發表的數百篇文章和研究數據。

據稱,西方國家糖尿病往往是由於飲食、年齡和肥胖方面導致的結果,並且患者平均年齡在60至79歲,而亞洲國家糖尿病患者年齡範圍是20至59歲。

研究認為亞洲人群高糖尿病發病率與低出生體重也有關系。經濟發展導致的飲食改變和久坐生活方式也可能對健康造成不利影響。

他們預測,印度糖尿病病例將從4000萬增長至近7000萬,中國從3900萬至5900萬,孟加拉國從380萬至740萬,印尼、菲律賓、馬來西亞和越南也將急劇增長。

原文出处: 醫藥新聞

背部爲五髒之附 養生保健注意要點

中醫認爲,背部區爲五髒之附,背部常暖,肺髒才能不受到傷害。風邪入侵人體,背部首當其衝。那麽,背部養生區該如何養生保健呢?

背部區,指軀體後面,頸以下、腰以上的部位。中醫認爲,背爲足太陽膀胱經、督脈所過之處。足太陽膀胱經與五髒六腑聯系密切,是人類內髒投射部,上面遍布諸 如心腧、肝腧、脾腧、肺腧、腎腧、膽腧等重要穴位。經常激發疏通背部區,有益于氣息運動,血脈流暢,可滋養全身器官。

《養生四要·慎動》說:“背者五髒之附也,背欲常暖,暖則肺髒不傷。”《攝生消息論·春季攝生消息論》說:“不可令背寒,寒即傷肺,令鼻寒咳嗽。”傳統的度冬健身諺語也說:“老人防寒冷,曝背能延年”。

背部受寒就會導致腰酸背疼,肌肉抽搐,下肢關節及內髒等部位不適,形成病害。背部保健對患有風濕痛、支氣管炎、胃及十二指腸潰瘍及心血管疾病的老年人非常實用。另外,人到老年氣血衰退,對寒潮的侵襲適應力減弱。

背部養生區的保健方法

1. 曬背取暖:避風曬背,能暖背通陽,增進健康。

2. 衣服護背:平時穿衣服注意保暖,隨時加減,以護其背。

3. 捶背:捶背又分自我捶打和他人捶打。本法可以舒經活血,振奮陽氣,強心益腎,增強人體生命活力。

4. 搓背:搓背也分自我搓和他人搓。自搓可在洗浴時進行。以濕毛巾搭于背後,雙手扯緊毛巾兩端,用力搓背,直至背部發熱爲止。注意用力不宜過猛,以免搓傷皮膚。搓背法有防治感冒、腰背酸痛、胸悶、腹脹之功效。

5.戒煙

根據統計抽煙的人比不抽煙的人,背部酸痛的情形高出二至三倍,因爲香煙中的尼古丁會使得微血管收縮進而使得營養脊椎的養分減少,脊椎椎間板功能逐漸退化而造成酸痛的情形。

6.控制體重

脊椎承受著全身重量。要減輕脊椎受力的一個好方法,就是維持標准體重,理想的狀況試不要超過標准體重五公斤以上可以讓你更健康。

7.搬東西時

請記得盡量用推的,少用拉的方式。當准備要推東西的時候用您的手臂及腳來開始推的力量。

8.坐立的時候

白領MM的工作花大多的時間坐在椅子上,所以坐姿非常重要,坐的時候背部一定要有椅背的支撐,最好椅背能夠稍有突出的弧度來支撐背部。一個姿勢的維持不要超過一個小時就應稍微活動一下身軀,也有助背部的健康。

 

原文出处: 醫藥日報

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