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Archive for March 9, 2012

Rhubarb & vodka jellies

You and your guests will be tickled pink with this colourful, creative dessert

  • Cook 30 mins
  • Prep 0 mins

Nutrition per serving

162 kcalories, protein 3.4g, carbohydrate 28.2g, fat 0.1g, saturated fat 0.0g, fibre 1.7g, salt 0.04g

Ingredients

Serves 4

  • 2 lb rhubarb
  • 14 fl oz water
  • 4 oz caster sugar
  • 4 sheets gelatine, soaked in cold water until soft or 1 sachet powdered gelatine
  • 4 tbsp vodka
  • 1 tbsp Cointreau

    Method

    1. Poach rhubarb in water with sugar until soft. Strain the liquid off into a jug and keep some of the rhubarb for serving. Warm the strained rhubarb liquid and stir in the softened gelatine sheets or powdered gelatine until dissolved. Stir in the vodka and Cointreau then strain into 4 glasses. Chill until set. Decorate with poached rhubarb.

Read More : GoodFood

Vegetarian Spring Rolls With Shredded Kohlrabi

Spring rolls are quite easy to make, and make a light and delicious lunch, appetizer, side dish or snack. You can find the rice flour spring roll wrappers in Asian markets.

1 3/4 ounces thin rice sticks

6 ounces marinated tofu, cut in dominoes 1/2 inch wide by 1/4 inch thick

1 medium carrot, shredded

1/2 pound kohlrabi, peeled and shredded (make sure to remove fibrous layer just under the skin before shredding)

Salt to taste

1 tablespoon ginger, cut in julienne

1 tablespoon seasoned rice vinegar

1/4 cup roughly chopped cilantro, plus 14 sprigs

2 tablespoons slivered Thai basil or mint leaves, plus 7 to 14 leaves

7  8 1/2-inch rice flour spring roll wrappers

1. Place the rice sticks in a large bowl and cover with boiling water. Soak for 20 minutes, or until the noodles are pliable, and drain. Transfer the noodles to another bowl. Using kitchen scissors, cut the noodles in half, into roughly 6-inch lengths. Leave the warm water in the bowl for softening the wrappers.

2. Meanwhile, toss the shredded kohlrabi with salt to taste and let sit in a colander placed in the sink for 20 to 30 minutes. Squeeze out excess liquid and toss with the carrot, ginger, chopped cilantro and slivered Thai basil or mint.

3. One at a time, place a rice flour wrapper in the bowl of warm water until just softened. Remove from the water and drain briefly on a kitchen towel. Place the softened wrapper on your work surface and put a line of tofu slices in the middle of the wrapper, slightly nearer the edge closest to you, leaving a 1 1/2-inch margin on the sides. Place a small handful of noodles over the tofu, then place a handful of the shredded vegetable mixture over the noodles. Lay a couple of sprigs of cilantro and a Thai basil leaf or a couple of mint leaves on top.  Fold the sides of the wrapper over the filling, then roll up tightly. Arrange on a plate and refrigerate until ready to serve.

Note: To make a quick dipping sauce, whisk together 1 to 2 tablespoons peanut butter with 1 tablespoon of the tofu marinade. Thin out as desired with more marinade or with water.

Yield: 7 spring rolls (4 to 5 inches long).

Advance preparation: These will keep for a day in the refrigerator.

Nutritional information per serving:  122 calories; 2 grams fat; 0 grams saturated fat; 1 gram polyunsaturated fat; 0 grams monounsaturated fat; 3 milligrams cholesterol; 23 grams carbohydrates; 4 grams dietary fiber; 298 milligrams sodium (does not include salt to taste); 5 grams protein

 

Read More : NYT

Arthritis sufferers ’40 per cent more likely to develop fatal heart problems’


A survey found that arthritis sufferers have a 40 per cent higher risk of suffering from an irregular heartbeat

Arthritis sufferers are far more likely to develop fatal heart problems and strokes, a major study reveals today.

It shows that patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a 40 per cent higher risk of suffering from an irregular heartbeat which can lead to heart attacks and death.

They have also been found to be at 30 per cent greater risk from suffering strokes.

Danish researchers believe the inflammation of joints that occurs in arthritis may cause the heart to beat irregularly – a condition known as atrial fibrillation.This can lead to the formation of blood clots which in turn can trigger a stroke.

Around 400,000 people in England and Wales suffer from rheumatoid arthritis which causes debilitating pain and swelling in the joints.

Scientists from Copenhagen University studied more than 4 million people of whom 18,250 had rheumatoid arthritis over a period of five years.

Those with rheumatoid arthritis were 40 per cent at higher risk of atrial fibrillation and 30 per cent higher risk of strokes than the general public.

Although this seems like a big increase, the overall risk still of having heart problems or strokes still remains low.

In a group of 1,000 normal patients, six would likely suffer from atrial fibrillation in any given year while 5.7 would be likely to have a stroke.

But amongst a group of 1,000 rheumatoid arthritis sufferers, 8 would be expected to have atrial fibrillation while 7.6 would be likely to have a stroke.

However the researchers – whose findings are published on the website BMJ.com – point out that doctors need to be aware of these heightened risks amongst their patients.

Professor Michael Ehrenstein, of Arthritis Research UK said: ‘Inflammation plays a central role in rheumatoid arthritis and in the disease process of many other related conditions, so it’s not surprising that it may also play a role in the development of atrial fibrillation.’

Rheumatoid arthritis tends to strike between the ages of 40 and 70 and is more common amongst women than men.

It happens when the body’s immune system attacks the cells lining the joints making them swollen, stiff and very painful.

Experts believe that it may trigger inflammation of the blood vessels which in turn triggers heart problems.

In 2010 Swedish researchers who had looked at 400,000 people found the condition was also linked to heart attacks.

They were found to be 60 per cent more at risk compared to other patients.

Read More: DailyMail

Changes to caramel colourings


FIZZY FEARS: There have long been concerns over the safety of caramel colours used in cola drinks.

 

Coca-Cola and PepsiCo are changing the way they make the caramel colouring used in their drinks as a result of a California law that mandates drinks containing a certain level of carcinogens come with a cancer warning label.

The companies said the changes will be expanded nationally to streamline their manufacturing processes.

They’ve already been made for drinks sold in California.

Coca-Cola and PepsiCo account for almost 90 percent of the soda drink market, according to industry tracker Beverage Digest.

A representative for Dr Pepper Snapple Group said all its caramel colouring now meet the new California standard.

The American Beverage Association, which represents the broader industry, said its member companies will continue to use caramel colouring in certain products but that adjustments were made to meet California’s new standard.

“Consumers will notice no difference in our products and have no reason at all for any health concerns,” the association said in a statement.

A representative for Coca-Cola, Diana Garza-Ciarlante, said the company directed its caramel suppliers to modify their manufacturing processes to reduce the levels of the chemical 4-methylimidazole, which can be formed during the cooking process and, as a result, may be found in trace amounts in many foods.

“While we believe that there is no public health risk that justifies any such change, we did ask our caramel suppliers to take this step so that our products would not be subject to the requirement of a scientifically unfounded warning,” Garza-Ciarlante said in an email.

The Center for Science in the Public Interest, a consumer advocacy group, in February filed a petition with the Food and Drug Administration to ban the use of ammonia-sulfite caramel colouring.

A spokesman for the Food and Drug Administration said the petition is being reviewed.

But he noted that a consumer would have to drink more than 1,000 cans of soda a day to reach the doses administered that have shown links to cancer in rodents.

The American Beverage Association also noted that California added the colouring to its list of carcinogens with no studies showing that it causes cancer in humans.

It noted that the listing was based on a single study in lab mice and rats. -AP

Read More: Stuff

Stem cells beat kidney rejection


The study involved eight patients

An injection of stem cells given alongside a kidney transplant could remove the need for a lifetime of drugs to suppress the immune system, say scientists.

Early tests of the technique at US hospitals were successful in a small number of patients.

The journal Science Translational Medicine reports how the majority no longer need anti-rejection medication.

Researchers said it could have a “major impact” on transplant science.

One of the key problems associated with organ transplantation is the risk that the body will “recognise” the new organ as a foreign invader and attack it.

To prevent this, patients take powerful drugs to suppress their immune systems, and will have to do this for life.

The drugs come at a price, preventing organ rejection but increasing the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes and serious infection.

Challenges

The study, carried out at the University of Louisville and the Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, involved eight patients.

Their transplant came from a live donor, who also underwent a procedure to draw stem cells, the building blocks of their immune system, from the blood.

The transplant recipient’s body was prepared using radiotherapy and chemotherapy to suppress their own immune system.

Then the transplant went ahead, with the stem cells put into their body a couple of days later.

It’s almost surreal when I think about it because I feel so healthy and normal”

Lindsay Porter

The idea is that these will help generate a modified immune system that no longer attacks the organ or its new owner.

Although the patients started off with the same anti-rejection drugs, the aim was to reduce these slowly, hopefully withdrawing them completely over time.

Five out of the eight patients involved in the trial managed to do this within a year.

One of those is 47-year-old Lindsay Porter, from Chicago.

She said: “I hear about the challenges recipients have to face with their medications and it is significant.

“It’s almost surreal when I think about it because I feel so healthy and normal.”

Dr Joseph Leventhal, associate professor of surgery at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, said: “The preliminary results from this ongoing study are exciting and may have a major impact on organ transplantation in the future.”

He said that, as well as kidney patients, the technique might improve the lives of those receiving other organs.

While stem cells from organ donors have been used before, this is the first time it has been used for “mismatched” transplants, in which donors and recipients do not have to be related and immunologically similar.

 

Read More: BBC

Alzheimer’s patients ‘should stay on drugs for longer’


Alzheimer’s disease drugs raise levels of the neurotransmitter acetyl choline

 

Thousands of patients with advanced Alzheimer’s disease could benefit from drugs, research suggests.

A study in the the New England Journal of Medicine found that patients who stayed on the dementia drug Aricept had a slower decline in their memory.

The drug tends not to be prescribed once sufferers progress beyond moderate symptoms.

Medicines regulator NICE said its guidelines supported continuing treatment where there were benefits.

The patent for the medicine Aricept, which is used to treat Alzheimer’s disease, expired recently. Much cheaper versions under the generic name donepezil are already available for about £12 a month.

The researchers say their new evidence could lead to twice as many Alzheimer’s sufferers worldwide being given medication.

The trial involved 295 Alzheimer’s patients in England and Scotland who had been taking Aricept.

One set were given placebo tablets while another set stayed on Aricept. A third set were given another drug, Ebixa, or memantine, which is usually prescribed only in the later stages of Alzheimer’s.

For the first time, we have robust and compelling evidence that treatment with these drugs can continue to help patients at the more severe stages”

Professor Robert Howard Lead researcher

The fourth batch of patients received a combination of both drugs.

The researchers assessed each group for a year, looking at their cognitive scores on factors like memory, and also at how well they coped with everyday tasks such as dressing and eating.

‘Robust and compelling’ evidence

The drugs were unable to halt the decline of patients, but they slowed it down.

The study’s lead author, Professor Robert Howard from King’s College London Institute of Psychiatry, said: “For the first time, we have robust and compelling evidence that treatment with these drugs can continue to help patients at the more severe stages.

“Patients who continued taking donepezil were about four months ahead in how they were able to remember, communicate and perform daily tasks than those who stopped taking the drugs.

“It means a lot to doctors and carers to see differences like that. These improvements were sustained throughout the year.

“It’s fair to say that both drugs have independent, positive effects at this stage of dementia. I’m advising hospital colleagues to continue patients on donepezil, when it’s tolerated, and to add in memantine.”

It’s not so the NICE guidance that needs to change – but how clinicians interpret it”

Professor Clive Ballard Alzheimer’s Society

 

Controversial restrictions

About 500,000 people in the UK are thought to have Alzheimer’s disease – with only about 10% who are in the earlier stages currently on drug treatment.

NHS funding of dementia drugs has been controversial in the past. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) set restrictions in 2006, which campaigners tried to overturn in court.

A year ago, revised NICE guidelines accepted that medicines including Aricept were cost-effective and could be prescribed earlier in the course of the disease.

Professor Clive Ballard from the Alzheimer’s Society, which part-funded the trial alongside the Medical Research Council, said: “Usual practice has been to discontinue the treatment once patients have declined to a certain stage.

“This trial suggests the default position should be the other way round, because most people are benefiting.

“It’s not so much the NICE guidance that needs to change – but how clinicians interpret it.”

NICE said its guidelines did not include any specific recommendations on when to discontinue medicines.

Dr Simon Ridley from Alzheimer’s Research UK said: “Trials such as this are extremely important for informing decisions about the way medication is prescribed.

“It would be helpful to see longer-term trials to determine exactly how long the benefits seen in this study might last.

“Sadly we still lack a treatment that can stop Alzheimer’s disease in its tracks.”

 

Read More : BBC

曲線美人 「38」就對了


今天是三八婦女節,國民健康局提醒姐姐妹妹們,若想維持健康窈窕的體態,應掌握「38法則」,也就是每天累積運動30分鐘,並讓腰圍保持在80公分(31吋)以下,身體質量指數(BMI)保持在18.5至24間,才能健康又美麗。 圖/東方影像非報系

今天是三八婦女節,台湾國民健康局提醒姐姐妹妹們,若想維持健康窈窕的體態,應掌握「38法則」,也就是每天累積運動30分鐘,並讓腰圍保持在80公分(31吋)以下,身體質量指數(BMI)保持在18.5至24間,才能健康又美麗。

國民健康局社區健康組長陳延芳指出,國健局去年曾經針對國內近兩萬名女性進行「健康行為危害因子電話訪問調查」,結果顯示,超過七成婦女沒有養成每周3天 以上,每天運動30分鐘的習慣;調查同時顯示,有近6成婦女,不知道女性健康腰圍標準,應保持在80公分(31吋)以下。

 

陳延芳指出,規律運動不但可減少心血管疾病、三高、骨質疏鬆症與乳癌等癌症與慢性病的發生機率,還可降低憂鬱與壓力,有效改善負面情緒。國內外相關研究也都發現,與不運動的人相比,每天只要運動15分鐘,就可延長3年壽命。

 

拖地、掃地等家事,可活絡筋骨,訓練四肢與背部肌肉。 圖╱本報資料照片
腰圍超標,成了小「腹」婆,是許多女性的苦惱。國民健康局長邱淑媞指出,腰圍大小可看出腹部肥胖程度,也是判斷代謝症候群與心血管疾病罹患機率的關鍵指標。

邱淑媞提醒,成年女性腰圍若超過80公分,堆積在腹部的脂肪,恐會影響代謝循環,易導致血糖與三酸甘油脂濃度升高,提高罹患心血管疾病與糖尿病風險,女性不得不防。

 

雙和醫院職業醫學部主任祝年豐提醒,女性若想維持健康與美麗,不該只單純計較體重胖瘦,在均衡飲食同時,應保持規律運動,才能維持健康曲線。若是喜歡宅在 家,建議可試著從拖地、掃地等家事動作,活絡筋骨同時訓練四肢與背部的肌肉力量;買菜時,可多走路繞到較遠的菜市場等。

 

對於久坐辦公室,想增加運動量的上班族女性,祝年豐認為,公車族可提早1、2站下車走路;上班族可多喝水,增加起身上廁所次數,平時能走樓梯,就盡量不要搭電梯等,都是掌握健康的好方法。

 

女性健康守則/增加運動量

1. 外出或上下班搭公車,提前一站下車步行。
2.與家人假日相約戶外騎單車運動。
3. 假日自己動手洗車,省錢又能運動。
4. 用家裡不用的巧拼地墊,疊至15至20公分高,用繩子綁好當階梯,在家隨時做階梯運動。
5. 每天運動30分鐘,可拆成2至3階段,分段累積運動量。

 

資料來源/國健局 製表/陳俐君 聯合報

原文出处: 聯合報

預防腸病毒 請跟你我這樣做

手機傳來簡訊鈴聲,仔細一看,原來是衛生單位提醒家長注意孩子的健康,防範腸病毒侵襲。為了杜絕腸病毒肆虐,衛生單位不斷大聲疾呼,預防勝於治療,家長及學校都有教育孩子的責任。

 

腸病毒的傳染途徑主要是由呼吸道的口水飛沫傳染和胃腸道的糞口傳染,或者是接觸到病人的口水、鼻涕及皮膚上潰瘍的水泡等途徑,特別是2至3歲以下幼小孩童,喜歡將手放入口中或是亂摸,容易不小心病從口入。

 

台灣兒科醫學會常務理事、台大醫學院小兒科兼任講師林應然提醒,讓孩子維持良好的衛生習慣是最重要的預防方式,尤其小孩子較難自制,需要不斷提醒。    以下提出八大要領,帶你遠離腸病毒:

 

一、培養孩子「洗手」的好習慣:雖是老生常談,但常洗手的確是預防病毒的最佳方法,尤其是在吃東西前後或如廁後,更要加強洗手。正確洗手是五步驟是 「濕、搓、沖、捧、擦」的原則,也就是雙手完全淋濕後,沾上肥皂在手心、手背搓揉約20秒,「搓」是最重要的步驟,包含掌心、手指、指尖、指縫都不能漏 掉,可藉由此物理摩擦作用去除病菌,然後用清水洗淨雙手,再捧手沖洗水龍頭,並在關上水龍頭後,將手擦乾淨。

 

二、急病流行期,大人小 孩勤洗手:流行期時,不只孩子要多洗手,大人也有可能感染腸病毒但由於較無明顯症狀,因此可能不小心就將腸病毒帶回家,進一步傳染給家中的幼小孩子。所 以,家長回家的第一件事就是要先洗手,之後才可以抱小孩。同時,家長也應避免和孩子共飲共食,避免將病毒傳染給孩子。

 

三、避免以手觸摸口鼻:日常生活中,應避免用手來接觸口鼻,才可避免病毒趁機而入。

 

四、孩子的玩具要常清洗:尤其是絨毛玩具,容易藏匿病毒,形成傳染的媒介。也要避免孩子將玩具放進嘴裡。清洗玩具時,可使用500PPM濃度的漂白水進行擦拭,以達到確實消毒的效果。

 

五、注意居家環境清潔:居家環境應保持衛生與良好通風,打造一個清爽舒適的生活空間,病菌自然不來找。

 

六、增強個人免疫力:加強身體免疫的功能,可有效抵抗病菌的入侵。因此營養的均衡、適當的運動、充足的睡眠都是不可少的。

 

七、避免交互感染:若家裡已經有人得到腸病毒,盡量不要與患者處在同一個空間。萬一家中還有年紀更小的嬰幼兒,盡量與生病的孩童分開住,減少交互傳染的機會。

 

八、流行期間盡量避免進出公共場所:腸病毒的流行高峯期,應盡量避免進出公共場所、密閉空間,以及人多擁擠的地方,以降低飛沫傳染的機會。

 

原文出处: 中時健康

43%民眾運動項目以健走為主 台湾國健局推健走有成

 

台湾衛生署國民健康局自91年起推動「每日一萬步 健康有保固」,至今已滿十週年,世界衛生組織也指出「健走」是最容易執行且最被建議的身體活動項目,依據國民健康局利用面訪問卷收集民眾過去兩個禮拜內有從事10分鐘以上運動之資料,43%民眾表示從事的運動項目以健走(含散步)為主。(圖片翻攝自台中市衛生局衛教單張)

國民健康局表示健走不需特殊裝備不需額外的費用也不受場地的限制,只要穿著輕便服裝、運動鞋,運用「抬頭挺胸縮小腹、雙手微握放腰部、自然擺動肩放鬆、邁開腳步向前行」健走小口訣,以4公里/小時的速度,日行萬步,約可消耗約300大卡,養成規律運動習慣,可以預防慢性疾病,降低罹患癌症的風險,加速代謝脂肪,強化肌肉組織與功能,維持健康體重,提高腦內啡的釋放,降低情緒壓力,走向健康。

國民健康局持續透過社區運動環境檢視,增加民眾運動的機會,建議國人要做到每週至少運動3次、每次超過30分鐘、運動時會喘、會流汗的程度,以達到足夠的運動量,每天利用生活中的空檔日行萬步,持之以恆就能促進健康。

原文出处: uho優活健康網

禽流感蔓延 世衛:H5N2對人體影響低

台湾爆發H5N2禽流感,機能蛋供不應求。(圖/中央社)

 

台灣爆發H5N2禽流感疫情。世界衛生組織表示,至今沒有發現H5N2亞型病毒感染人體,而且這種病毒構成如同H5N1對人體影響的可能性低。

台灣彰化與台南爆發H5N2高病原性禽流感疫情,世界衛生組織(WHO)「全球預警暨因應組」(GAR)發言人哈特爾(Gregory Hartl)告訴中央社記者,H5N2是1種禽流感病毒,雖然流感病毒難以預料,且確實有時候不同物種會遭受感染,但WHO至今仍未發現有任何人體感染 H5N2的病例。

哈特爾說,或許人體可能曾感染H5N2病毒未被發現,或者未來也有可能發生人體感染H5N2的病例,但WHO認為,這種病毒構成如H5N1對人體影響的可能性低。

行政院衛生署也已說明,台灣爆發養雞場雞隻感染H5N2高病原性禽流感,屬於禽鳥類間的流行性感冒,過去在全球各洲都曾傳出禽鳥感染H5N2,但至今仍沒有充分證據顯示會傳染給人類。

衛生署副署長林奏延表示,國際上至今有590名感染H5N1禽流感,其中349人已死,主要原因是接觸或食用有H5N1病毒的禽鳥,包括雞隻,主要發生地以東南亞居多。

林奏延說,目前已針對彰化、台南養雞場等相關人員進行兩次血清抗體檢測,在彰化共採檢9人,已證實未感染;在台南約有38人,其中有29人已採檢完畢,另有9人將持續進行採檢,每次血清檢測間隔2週左右。

他表示,禽流感病毒H5N2亞型與H5N1亞型不同,H5N2流感病毒感染在禽鳥中常見,而所謂高病原性禽流感病毒,是針對禽鳥類,並非針對人類。

此外,透過目前國際的疫情及全球性報告分析,沒有充足的證據顯示H5N2會發生禽傳人,因此,民眾不用恐慌,只要將肉品及蛋類完全煮熟,便可食用。(中央社布魯塞爾電)

原文網址: 今日新聞網

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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