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via OfficeSuite Professional: View and edit Your Office and PDF documents on iOS | App Saga.



  • 7 1/2 cups (1000 grams) all-purpose flour plus more for shaping dough
  • 4 teaspoons fine sea salt plus more for seasoning
  • 1/2 teaspoon active dry yeast
  • 1 28-ounce can tomatoes, undrained, puréed or crushed by hand
  • 16 ounces fresh mozzarella
  • 8 ounces stracciatella (optional)
  • Crushed red pepper flakes
  • Fresh oregano leaves
  • Extra-virgin olive oil



  • Whisk flour, salt, and yeast in a medium bowl. While stirring with a wooden spoon, gradually add 3 cups water; stir until well incorporated. Mix dough gently with your hands to bring it together and form into a rough ball. Transfer to a large clean bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and let dough rise at room temperature (about 72°) in a draft-free area until surface is covered with tiny bubbles and dough has more than doubled in size, about 18 hours (time will vary depending on the temperature in the room).
  • Transfer dough to a floured work surface. Gently shape into a rough rectangle. Divide into 6 equal portions. Working with 1 portion at a time, gather 4 corners to center to create 4 folds. Turn seam side down and mold gently into a ball. Dust dough with flour; set aside on work surface or a floured baking sheet. Repeat with remaining portions.
  • Let dough rest, covered with plastic wrap or a damp kitchen towel, until soft and pliable, about 1 hour. DO AHEAD: Can be made 3 days ahead. Wrap each dough ball separately in plastic wrap and chill. Unwrap and let rest at room temperature on a lightly floured work surface, covered with plastic wrap, for 2–3 hours before shaping.


  • During the last hour of dough’s resting, prepare oven: If using a pizza stone, arrange a rack in upper third of oven and place stone on rack; preheat oven to its hottest setting, 500°–550°, for 1 hour. If using a baking sheet, arrange a rack in middle of oven and preheat to its hottest setting, 500°–550°. (You do not need to preheat the baking sheet.)
  • Working with 1 dough ball at a time, dust dough generously with flour and place on a floured work surface. Gently shape dough into a 10″–12″ disk.
  • If using a pizza stone: When ready to bake, increase oven heat to broil. Sprinkle a pizza peel or rimless (or inverted rimmed) baking sheet lightly with flour. Place dough disk on prepared peel and spread about 3 Tbsp. crushed tomatoes over dough. Tear or crumble some mozzarella over top. Using small, quick back-and-forth movements, slide pizza from peel onto hot pizza stone. Broil pizza, rotating halfway, until bottom of crust is crisp and top is blistered, 5–7 minutes. Using peel, transfer to a work surface. Spoon a few dollops of stracciatella over pizza. Garnish with crushed red pepper flakes, oregano, and olive oil. Season to taste with salt. Slice pizza. Repeat, allowing pizza stone to reheat under broiler for 5 minutes between pizzas.
  • If using a baking sheet: Arrange dough disk on baking sheet; top with tomatoes and mozzarella. Bake pizza until bottom of crust is crisp and top is blistered, about 10 minutes. Transfer to a work surface. Garnish pizza and slice. Repeat with remaining pizzas.

via Tomato and Stracciatella Pizzas – Bon Appétit.

David Cameron said FGM and forced marriage were “abhorrent” practices

Parents will face prosecution if they fail to stop their daughters undergoing female genital mutilation (FGM) under new measures being announced.

Prime Minister David Cameron is unveiling a £1.4m prevention programme aimed at ending the practice at a global summit in London.

It is estimated that up to 137,000 women and girls living in England and Wales could have undergone FGM.

The Girl Summit is also looking at ways to end forced marriage.

Hosted by the UK government and children’s charity Unicef, the summit is being attended by international politicians, campaigners including the Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai, and women who have undergone FGM.

Map of countries where FGM is concentrated

Addressing the conference, Mr Cameron described the existence of the practices as “standing rebukes to our world”.

He said: “It is absolutely clear about what we are trying to achieve.

“It is such a simple but noble and good ambition and that is to outlaw the practices of female genital mutilation…. and early forced marriage, to outlaw them everywhere for everyone within this generation.”

‘Big challenge’

The FGM prevention programme will see the NHS working with girls affected by the practice.

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the executive director of UN Women, said the situation is improving but many girls remain at risk.

She said: “There’s traction and more people that are willing to take a stand, but not enough yet.

“The fact that 30 million girls are at risk of being cut in the coming years clearly means that we have a big challenge on our hands.”

Priscilla Karim, who was forced to undergo FGM in Sierra Leone aged nine, described her ordeal.

She said: “I felt the worst pain of my life and a heavy object sitting on my chest and I just passed out.

“It’s like a taboo, they don’t tell you about it. You cannot tell anybody.

“I grew up with the fear that if I say to anyone, I was going to die because that was what they made me believe – that whatever happens there is kind of a secret.”


Female genital mutilation

  • Includes “the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons”
  • Practised in 29 countries in Africa and some countries in Asia and the Middle East
  • An estimated three million girls and women worldwide are at risk each year
  • About 125 million victims estimated to be living with the consequences
  • It is commonly carried out on young girls, often between infancy and the age of 15
  • Often motivated by beliefs about what is considered proper sexual behaviour, to prepare a girl or woman for adulthood and marriage and to ensure “pure femininity”
  • Dangers include severe bleeding, problems urinating, infections, infertility and increased risk of newborn deaths in childbirth
  • In December 2012, the UN General Assembly approved a resolution calling for all member states to ban the practice

Source: World Health Organization


It has been illegal in Britain since 1985, but the first prosecutions – which are currently ongoing – were not until this year.

Other FGM measures include:

  • Training for teachers, doctors and social workers to identify and help girls at risk
  • Lifelong anonymity for victims
  • New guidance for police on handling FGM cases
 Malala Yousafzai
Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai is expected at the summit

An “international charter” calling for the eradication of FGM and forced marriage within a generation is also being unveiled, along with programmes to identify child and forced marriage in 12 developing countries.

Home Secretary Theresa May, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg and Justine Greening, the international development secretary, are also appearing at the summit.



Jane Dreaper, BBC health correspondent

Female genital mutilation has become a prominent issue in the UK in the past couple of years.

No one knows for sure how many women and children here are affected.

But ministers have underlined that it is a form of child abuse – and the UK should do all it can to prevent it.

The prime minister is keen to demonstrate leadership on global issues beyond his increased spending on foreign aid, which has proved controversial at times.

Today’s summit aims to eradicate FGM and child or forced marriage within a generation.

Is this doable? Summits like these sometimes fail to achieve their stated aims – but even when targets are not reached, there is still a sense of momentum and progress.

And that could make a significant difference to the lives of thousands of girls worldwide.


Mrs May said: “FGM and forced marriage are incredibly harmful practices, and it is terrible to think about the number of women and girls in the UK who have been subjected to these crimes.”

Theresa May
Home Secretary Theresa May addressed the summit at Walworth Academy in London

MPs recently said the UK’s failure to tackle FGM was a “national scandal”, and that failures by ministers, police and other agencies had led to the “preventable mutilation of thousands of girls”.

Unicef said its research showed that more than 130 million girls and women had experienced some form of FGM in the 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where it is most common.

It also said 250 million women and girls alive today were married before the age of 15.

Unicef executive director Anthony Lake said: “The numbers tell us we must accelerate our efforts.”


via BBC News – FGM summit: Parents to be prosecuted under new measures.

Three key health unions are to ballot their members in England on industrial action, including strikes, over pay.


Unison, the Royal College of Midwives and Unite announced they would be taking the step over the pay offer made in March. It is the first time midwives have been balloted in their history.

Ministers said NHS staff would get 1%, but it would not apply to those who get automatic progression-in-the-job rises.

These cover about half of staff and are worth 3% a year on average.

They are designed to reward professional development.

But the decision by ministers went against the recommendation of the independent pay review board, which had called for an across-the-board rise.

In Scotland, the recommendation was agreed to in full. Northern Ireland is yet to make a decision, while Wales is doing the same as England but has given extra money to the lowest paid.

‘End of their tether’

Unison has about 300,000 health members, including nurses, therapists, porters, paramedics, medical secretaries, cooks, cleaners and healthcare assistants, while 26,000 midwives are being balloted.

Unite is balloting nearly 90,000 members, including those in Northern Ireland and Wales.

If they vote yes to industrial action, it is likely to start in October.

Unison head of health Christina McAnea said: “Balloting for strike action is not an easy decision – especially in the NHS. But this government is showing complete contempt for NHS workers.”

Cathy Warwick, chief executive of the Royal College of Midwives, added: “Midwives are at the end of their tether.”

The main nursing union, Royal College of Nursing, has decided not to ballot members over industrial action.

Instead, its general secretary, Peter Carter, has urged his members to campaign against the pay deal, including targeting MPs in marginal seats in the run-up to the election.

via BBC News – Health unions to ballot on strikes over pay.

A man called 999 from Milford Haven to say he had a fly in his ear

It is not the kind of thing you would normally phone the emergency services for, but for one man 999 was where he turned when he got a fly in his ear.

Another caller wanted to know if green potatoes were poisonous to eat.

They were among more than 31,000 non-urgent calls made to the Welsh Ambulance service in 2013/14, and only three resulted in hospital treatment.

Ambulance chiefs urged people to think twice as genuine 999 callers were being put at risk.

It came as the service revealed the thousands of non-urgent calls to 999 handled by the Welsh Ambulance Service between July 2013 and June 2014.

Calls included:

  • A man who dialled 999 because he had a fly in his ear (Milford Haven)
  • A woman who asked whether the green part of a potato was poisonous (Bangor)
  • A man with a ring stuck on his finger (Burry Port)
  • A woman whose boiler had broken and had no credit to call the gas board (Swansea)
  • A woman who dropped a television remote and needed someone to pick it up (Llandudno)
  • A woman who didn’t have enough money to buy a train ticket (Newport)
  • A mother whose daughter had drunk water from a dog bowl (Swansea)
  • A woman who was drunk and needed a lift home (St Asaph)
  • A woman who needed advice because she had fallen out with her brother (Hereford)
  • A man who had discovered a bruise on his foot (Tywyn)

Richard Lee, head of clinical services at the Welsh Ambulance Service, said: “When people misuse the service it means our precious time is being taken away from someone who really does need our help.”

Unless someone was seriously ill or injured or their life was at risk, people should contact their GP or NHS Direct Wales, Mr Lee added.

The 31,219 calls to 999 classed as non-urgent accounted for 7.4% of the total received by the Welsh Ambulance Service in 2013/14 of 423,729.

Potatoes in sacks
One woman dialled 999 to ask if a partly-green potato was safe to eat

via BBC News – Ambulance 999 timewasters risk lives.

The UK fertility regulator said there was no evidence that it would be unsafe, but called for extra checks

The creation of babies using sperm and eggs from three people has moved a step closer in the UK.

A public review into the three person IVF technique has been broadly supportive, says the Department of Health.

But a number of technical and scientific details need to be finalised before the plans go before Parliament.

The move would be restricted to mitochondrial disease, affecting one in 6,500 UK babies born each year.

This may lead to muscle weakness, blindness, and heart failure.

Using the parents’ sperm and eggs plus an additional egg from a donor woman should prevent such conditions, say scientists at Newcastle University.

Approval details

An expert scientific panel has already suggested there is no evidence the procedure is unsafe but has asked for a number of further investigations to be carried out.

The government expects other details to be finalised in the next few months before the plans are legalised.

A public consultation received nearly 2,000 responses.

There is broad public support for making mitochondrial replacement therapy available to patients”

Dr Jeremy FarrarDirector of the Wellcome Trust

Ministers agreed that the regulatory body the Human Fertilisation Embryology Authority would consider each application from parents on a case-by-case basis.

And any children born using the procedure would not be able to find out the identity of the mitochondrial donor.

Mitochondria are tiny, biological “power stations” that provide energy to nearly every cell of the body.

As mitochondria are passed down from mother to child, using an extra egg from a donor woman could give the child healthy mitochondria.

‘No excuse’

However, it would also result in babies having DNA from two parents and a tiny amount (1%) from the donor as mitochondria have their own DNA.

Opponents say it is unethical and could set the UK on a “slippery slope” to designer babies.

Dr Jeremy Farrar, director of the Wellcome Trust, said: “There is broad public support for making mitochondrial replacement therapy available to patients.

“There is now no excuse for the Government not to table regulations for debate as soon as Parliament returns this autumn, so that the HFEA can licence clinics to treat affected families without delay once it is satisfied that any risks are acceptable.”

Sarah Norcross, Director of the Progress Educational Trust, said: ‘While we welcome the Government’s decisions, we are disappointed by the time it has taken to reach this point in the process.

“A year ago, the Government promised a consultation in autumn 2013 which ultimately took place in March 2014.

“We note that the Government now aims to provide an update by early autumn 2014 – we hope that this is not similarly delayed.”

via BBC News – Three person IVF plans progress in UK.





美國《醫療日報》(Medical Daily)引述一份來自美國德州大學聖安東尼奧健康科學中心(University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio)的研究報告指出,在全黑的環境下入眠,可以提高體內褪黑激素的濃度,保護卵子不受損,提高受孕機率。

褪黑激素 有助保護卵子、胚胎

褪黑激素是一種由大腦內松果體產生的荷爾蒙,暴露在黑暗環境下可以刺激褪黑激素的產生。體內的褪黑激素會讓人產生睡意,幫助睡眠。參與研究的學者羅素賴特(Russell Reiter)指出,在夜晚時,每開燈一次,就會減弱體內褪黑激素的分泌。






創造全黑暗環境 幫助褪黑激素增生


人工光源 是致癌可能物質

長期曝露在人工光源下不只影響受孕,也是可能致癌物質之一。國際癌症研究機構(International Agency for Cancer Research)已將夜間工作規類為可能的人體致癌物,主要是因為許多研究發現,夜間工作者罹患乳癌的機率較高。

不孕原因多 應對症下藥



via 開夜燈睡覺大NG 恐導致不孕 | 20140722 | 華人健康網.

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